Chelerythrine Chloride

Catalog No.S1292

Chelerythrine Chloride Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 384.83

Chelerythrine is a potent, selective antagonist of PKC with IC50 of 0.66 μM.

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Biological Activity

Description Chelerythrine is a potent, selective antagonist of PKC with IC50 of 0.66 μM.
Features Chelerythrine is at least 100-fold more selective for PKCs than for other kinases.
In vitro

Chelerythrine interacts with the catalytic domain of PKC, is a competitive inhibitor with respect to the phosphate acceptor (histone IIIS) with Ki value of 0.7 μM and a non-competitive inhibitor with respect to ATP. Chelerythrine shows potent cytotoxic effects against L-1210 cells with IC50 of 0.53 μM. Chelerythrine does not alter any activity of PKA, TPK and Ca/CM-PK, and the Chelerythrine inhibitory effect on PKC activity does not vary among the various substrates including GS, MLC, MBP and Fibrinogen. [1] Chelerythrine inhibits PKC activity in crude cell extracts from SQ-20B cells in a dose dependent manner. Chelerythrine decreases cell viability as determined by the MTT assay in a dose-dependent manner in SCC35, JSQ3, SQ20B and SCC61 cells. [2] Chelerythrine chloride (5 μM) suppresses VEGF-induced expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin in HUVECs. Chelerythrine chloride (5 μM) suppresses VEGF-induced NF-κB activity in HUVECs. Chelerythrine chloride (5 μM) all suppresses basal and VEGF-induced leukocyte adhesiveness in HUVECs. [3] Chelerythrine (6 mM-30 mM) rapidly induces pyknosis, shrinkage and subsequent cell death in cardiac myocytes. Chelerythrine(30 μM)-induced myocyte death is accompanied by nuclear fragmentation and activation of caspase-3 and -9 in primary culture of neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. Chelerythrine (10 μM) causes cytochrome c release from mitochondria, suggesting that ROS mediates chelerythrine-induced cytochrome c release in cardiac myocytes. [4] Chelerythrine displaces the fluorescently labeled BH3 domain peptide from a recombinant GST-BcLXL fusion protein with IC50 of 1.5 μM. Chelerythrine at 2.5 μM and 5 μM for 16 hours induces a substantial decrease in mitochondrial potential as indicated by an increase in JC-1 green fluorescence in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Chelerythrine (5 μM) also induces the appearance of sub-G1 DNA that is indicative of apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells. Chelerythrine (10 μM) induces mitochondrial potential change, CytC release from the mitochondria in SH-SY5Y cells. [5]

In vivo

Chelerythrine (5 mg/kg i.p.) results in tumor growth delay in mice bearing SQ-20B xenografts. [2] Chelerythrine (5 mg/kg) treatment significantly increases TUNEL-positive nuclei in the myocardium as well as cleaved forms of caspase-3 and -9 in adult rat. [4]

Protocol

Kinase Assay:

[1]

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assay for protein kinase C:

The purified protein kinase C is prepared from rat brain. Briefly, the incubation mixture (200 μL) contains 20 mM Tris/HCl buffer (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 200 μg/mL histones, micelles makes with 700 μM phosphatidyl serine and 180 μM 1,2-dioleine in 0.3% triton X100, 0.2 mM CaCl2, 100 μM ATP, [γ-32P ]-ATP (105 dpm), Chelerythrine to be tested (solubilized in dimethylsulphoxyde) and the enzyme (0.5 μg protein). After incubation at 30℃ for 3 minutes, the reaction is terminated by the addition of 3 mL of 20% trichloroacetic acid. Acid-precipitable materials are collected on Whatman GFE filters and extensively washed with ice-cold 20% trichloroacetic acid. The radioactivity on the filters is measured using a liquid scintillation counter. Protein kinase C activity is corrected for non-specific activity by assaying in the absence of micelles and CaCl2.
Cell Research:

[1]

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  • Cell lines: L-1210 cells
  • Concentrations: ~10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 2 days
  • Method:

    The lymphocytic mouse leukemia L1210 cells are plated sparsely at 1×104 cells per well in 24-well cluster plates in RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% foetal calf serum, 4 mM glutamine, 100 U/mL penicillin, 100 pg/mL streptomycin sulphate and Chelerythrine to be tested (solubilized in dimethylsulphoxyde ). After a 2 day incubation period at 37 ℃ in a humidified atmosphere (5% CO2 in air), growth is monitored by counting cell numbers in a coulter-counter. IC50 values are calculated on the basis of the linear regression lines established for Chelerythrine tested.


    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:

[2]

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  • Animal Models: mice bearing SQ-20B xenografts
  • Formulation: PBS
  • Dosages: 5 mg/kg
  • Administration: Intraperitoneal injection
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 3 mg/mL (7.79 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 384.83
Formula

C21H18NO4.HCl

CAS No. 3895-92-9
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID