Valnemulin HCl

For research use only.

Catalog No.S4216

Valnemulin HCl Chemical Structure

CAS No. 133868-46-9

Valnemulin HCl is a broad-spectrum bacteriostatic agent inhibiting protein synthesis in bacteria by binding to the peptidyl transferase component of the 50S subunit of ribosomes.

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Biological Activity

Description Valnemulin HCl is a broad-spectrum bacteriostatic agent inhibiting protein synthesis in bacteria by binding to the peptidyl transferase component of the 50S subunit of ribosomes.
Targets
peptidyl transferase [1]
In vitro

Valnemulin (20 μM) completely inhibits the peptidyl transferase reaction, thus inhibits peptide bond formation. Valnemulin enhances the reactivity of nucleotides A2058 and A2059 moderately, whereas they protect U2506 strongly. [1] Valnemulin shows exceptional activity against M hyopneumoniae (MIC90 0.5 μg/mL) and M hyosynoviae (MIC range 0.1-0.25 0.5 μg/mL) field strains. [2] Valnemulin is mainly active against Gram-positive bacteria with moderate activity against some fastidious Gram-negative bacilli (e.g., anaerobic bacteria) and Mycoplasma and is used almost exclusively in animals, largely in swine in China. [3]

In vivo Valnemulin is absorbed rapidly, distributed widely and rapidly and excreted rapidly after oral administration to rats. [3] Valnemulin results in a rapid diminution of clinical signs, restoration of appetite and reversal of weight loss in young calves. Valnemulin results in a more rapid reduction of clinical scores and eliminated M. bovis from the lungs more effectively than Enrofloxacin. [4] Valnemulin significantly decreases the wet-to-dry weight (W/D) ratios of lungs, protein concentrations, and the number of total cells, neutrophils, macrophages, and leukomonocytes, and histologic analysis indicates that valnemulin significantly attenuates tissue injury. Valnemulin significantly increases LPS-induced SOD activity in BALF and decreases lung myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity activity as well. Valnemulin also inhibits the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1beta, which is consistent with mRNA expression in lung. [5]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 100 mg/mL (166.31 mM)
Water 100 mg/mL (166.31 mM)
Ethanol '100 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 601.28
Formula

C31H52N2O5S.HCl

CAS No. 133868-46-9
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A
Smiles CC1CCC23CCC(=O)C2C1(C(CC(C(C3C)O)(C)C=C)OC(=O)CSC(C)(C)CNC(=O)C(C(C)C)N)C.Cl

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID