Pifithrin-α (PFTα) HBr
Molecular Weight(MW): 367.3
Pifithrin-α is an inhibitor of p53, inhibiting p53-dependent transactivation of p53-responsive genes.
Cited by 24 Publications
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective p53 Inhibitors
|Description||Pifithrin-α is an inhibitor of p53, inhibiting p53-dependent transactivation of p53-responsive genes.|
Pifithrin-α inhibits p53-dependent transactivation of p53-responsive genes in ConA cells. Pifithrin-α (10 μM) inhibits apoptotic death of C8 cells induced by Dox, etoposide, Taxol, cytosine arabinoside. Pifithrin-α inhibits p53-dependent growth arrest of human diploid fibroblasts in response to DNA damage but has no effect on p53-deficient fibroblasts. Pifithrin-α may modulate the nuclear import or export (or both) of p53 or may decrease the stability of nuclear p53.  Pifithrin-α (100-200 nM) completely suppresses the camptothecin-induced increase in the level of p53 DNA binding as well as the p53-responsive gene Bax in hippocampal cell. Pifithrin-α also decreases the basal level of p53 DNA-binding activity. Pifithrin-α (200 nM) protects cultured hippocampal neurons against death induced by DNA-damaging agents. Pifithrin-α (200 μM) stabilizes mitochondrial function, suppresses caspase activation and protects cultured hippocampal neurons against death induced by glutamate and amyloid β-peptide.  Pifithrin α, in addition to p53, can suppress heat shock and glucocorticoid receptor signaling but has no effect on nuclear factor-kappaB signaling. Pifithrin α (10 μM) reduces activation of heat shock transcription factor (HSF1) and increases cell sensitivity to heat. Pifithrin α (10 μM) reduces activation of glucocorticoid receptor and rescues mouse thymocytes from apoptotic death after dexamethasone treatment in HeLa cells.  PFTalpha blocks p53-mediated induction of p21/Waf-1 in human embryonic kidney cells. PFTalpha does, however, cause a left shift in the dexamethasone dose response curve by increasing intracellular dexamethasone concentration. 
|In vivo||Pifithrin-α (2.2 mg/kg i.p.) treatment completely rescues mice (C57BL and Balb/c) of both strains from 60% killing doses of gamma irradiation (8 Gy for C57BL and 6 Gy for Balb/c). Pifithrin-α-injected mice lost less weight than irradiated mice that are not pretreated with the Pifithrin-α. Pifithrin-α (2.2 mg/kg) abrogates p53-dependent regulation of DNA replication after whole-body gamma irradiation in mice.  Pifithrin-α (2 mg/kg i.p.) 30 min prior to middle cerebral artery occlusion treatment of mice reduces ischemic brain injury and protects hippocampal neurons against excitotoxic injury.  Pifithrin α (3.6 μg/kg i.p.) inhibits Dex-induced degeneration of the thymus in mice.  Pifithrin α (2 mg/kg) results in a significantly lower degree of motor disability in rats receiving transient occlusion of the middle cerebral artery as compared with controls. Pifithrin α-treated animals has less motor disability and smaller infarcts when the drug is administered up to an hour after stroke onset. Pifithrin α results in significantly lower motor disability scores in rats than in the vehicle-treated animals at 7 days post-op. Pifithrin α results in significant reduction of apoptosis in rats as indicated by Tunel and caspase 3 staining. |
-  Komarov PG, et al. Science, 1999, 285(5434), 1733-1737.
-  Culmsee C, et al. J Neurochem, 2001, 77(1), 220-228.
-  Komarova EA, et al. J Biol Chem, 2003, 278(18), 15465-15468.
|In vitro||DMSO||67 mg/mL (182.41 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.