For research use only.
CAS No. 63-74-1
Sulfanilamide (Sulphanilamide) is a competitive inhibitor for bacterial enzyme dihydropteroate synthetase with IC50 of 320 μM.
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|Description||Sulfanilamide (Sulphanilamide) is a competitive inhibitor for bacterial enzyme dihydropteroate synthetase with IC50 of 320 μM.|
Sulfanilamide containing the sulfonamide functional group displays inhibitory activity for dihydropteroate synthetase partially purified from Escherichia coli which normally uses para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) for synthesizing the necessary folic acid acting as a coenzyme in the synthesis of purine, pyrimidine and other amino acids, exhibiting an IC 50 of 320 μM for dihydropteroate synthetasea and Km of 2.5 uM for PABA.  Sulfanilamide shows IC50 of 286.8 μg/mL for recombinant S. cerevisiae strains with wild-type FOL1 genes, but the single mutation 55Trp to 55Ala or 57Pro to 57Ser within the putative active site of the fungal DHPS confers resistance to Sulfanilamide with IC50 of >800 μg/mL.  Sulfanilamide moderately inhibits the growth of bacterial cells harboring plasmodium falciparum pKOS-pfPPPK-DHPS (His) with IC50 of 380 uM. 
|In vivo||Administration of Sulfanilamide with the dosage of 100 mg/kg/day is effective in the prevention of P. carinii infection in the immunosuppressed rat model. When the dosage of sulfaguanidine and Sulfanilamide reduced to 10 mg/kg/day, breakthrough P. carinii infection occurs in the rats. |
-  McCullough JL, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 1973, 3(6), 665-669.
-  Meneau I, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 2004, 48(7), 2610-2616.
-  Kasekarn W, et al. Mol Biochem Parasitol, 2004, 137(1), 43-53.
|In vitro||DMSO||34 mg/mL (197.44 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
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