Vemurafenib (PLX4032, RG7204)
Catalog No.S1267 Synonyms: RO5185426
Molecular Weight(MW): 489.92
Vemurafenib (PLX4032, RG7204) is a novel and potent inhibitor of B-RafV600E with IC50 of 31 nM in cell-free assay. 10-fold selective for B-RafV600E over wild-type B-Raf in enzymatic assays and the cellular selectivity can exceed 100-fold.
Cited by 315 Publications
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|Description||Vemurafenib (PLX4032, RG7204) is a novel and potent inhibitor of B-RafV600E with IC50 of 31 nM in cell-free assay. 10-fold selective for B-RafV600E over wild-type B-Raf in enzymatic assays and the cellular selectivity can exceed 100-fold.|
|Features||A novel and potent inhibitor of the B-RAFV600E oncoprotein.|
PLX4032 inhibits B-RAFV600E, C-RAF, as well as wildtype B-RAF, with IC50 of 31 nM, 48 nM and 100 nM, respectively. PLX4032 also inhibits several non-RAF kinases, including ACK1, KHS1, and SRMS, with IC50 of 18 nM to 51 nM.  In melanoma cell lines, the inhibitory effect by PLX4032 depends on B-RAF mutational status, because PLX4032 potently inhibits those harboring B-RAF V600 mutants, including V600E, V600D, V600K, and V600R, but not wildtype or other mutants. The IC50 values of PLX4032 on these cells, including MALME-3M, Colo829, Colo38, A375, SK-MEL28, and A2058, ranges from 20 nM to 1 μM. In these cells, PLX4032 (0.1 μM to 30 μM) also inhibits the phosphorylation of both MEK1/2 and ERK1/2.  PLX4032 is highly effective in the treatment of melanoma, for its ability of inhibiting B-RAFV600E. However, PLX4032 displays limited effect in colon cancer patients that also carrying B-RAFV600E oncoprotein. The reason for this is that, in colon cancer cells, B-RAFV600E inhibition by PLX4032 results in a rapid feedback EGFR activation, which compensates for the PLX4032-inhibited cell proliferation. 
|In vivo||In B-RAFV600E-mutant mice xenograft models, PLX4032 (6 mg/kg–20 mg/kg) inhibits tumor growth.  In mice xenograft models of LOX, Colo829, and A375 cells, PLX4032 (12.5 mg/kg–100 mg/kg) inhibits tumor growth and prolongs mice survival. |
RAF kinase activity measurements:The kinase activities of wild-type RAF and mutants are determined by measuring phosphorylation of biotinylated-BAD protein. For each enzyme (0.01 ng), 20 μL reactions are carried out in 20 mM Hepes (pH 7.0), 10 mM MgCl2, 1 mM DTT, 0.01% (v/v) Tween-20, 50 nM biotin-BAD protein, and 1 mM ATP at room temperature. Reactions are stopped at 5 min with 5 μL of a solution containing 20 mM Hepes (pH 7.0), 200 mM NaCl, 80 mM EDTA, 0.3% (w/v) bovine serum albumin (BSA). The stop solution also includes phospho-BAD (Ser112) antibody, streptavidin-coated donor beads, and protein A acceptor beads. The antibody and beads are pre-incubated in stop solution in the dark at room temperature for 30 min. The final dilution of antibody is 1/2000 and the final concentration of each bead is 10 μg/mL. The assay plates are incubated at room temperature for one hour and then are read on a PerkinElmer AlphaQuest reader. Mutant activities are the average of two different batches of purified protein assayed in duplicate in three different experiments.
|In vitro||DMSO||97 mg/mL (197.99 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
4% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O (suspension)
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03410875||Recruiting||Drug: Vemurafenib|Drug: Obinutuzumab||Hairy Cell Leukemia|Leukemia|Leukemia Hairy Cell||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|Yale University||February 9 2018||Phase 2|
|NCT03013491||Recruiting||Drug: CX-072|Drug: ipilimumab|Drug: vemurafenib||Solid Tumor|Lymphoma||CytomX Therapeutics||January 2017||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT02441465||Completed||Drug: Vemurafenib|Drug: 14C-Labeled Vemurafenib||Malignant Melanoma Cancer||Hoffmann-La Roche||August 13 2015||Phase 1|
|NCT02427893||Withdrawn||Drug: Cobimetinib|Drug: Vemurafenib||Melanoma||Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins|Genentech Inc.||August 2015||Phase 3|
|NCT02036086||Active not recruiting||Drug: Vemurafenib|Drug: Cobimetinib||Melanoma||Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre||August 2015||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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Frequently Asked Questions
How about the half-life of Vemurafenib(S1267)?
It was reported that the half-life of the compound is 57 hours.
The vemurafenib power, when prepared in 4% DMSO/30% PEG 300/5% Tween 80/ddH2O solutions, form a pellet down the tube?
When prepare this kind of vehicle, please dissolve the drug in DMSO clearly first. If it dissolves not readily, please sonicate and warm in the water bath at about 45 degree. Then add PEG and Tween. After they mixed homogeneously, then dilute with water.