Molecular Weight(MW): 368.46
CYC116 is a potent inhibitor of Aurora A/B with Ki of 8.0 nM/9.2 nM, is less potent to VEGFR2 (Ki of 44 nM), with 50-fold greater potency than CDKs, not active against PKA, Akt/PKB, PKC, no effect on GSK-3α/β, CK2, Plk1 and SAPK2A. Phase 1.
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Choose Selective Aurora Kinase Inhibitors
|Description||CYC116 is a potent inhibitor of Aurora A/B with Ki of 8.0 nM/9.2 nM, is less potent to VEGFR2 (Ki of 44 nM), with 50-fold greater potency than CDKs, not active against PKA, Akt/PKB, PKC, no effect on GSK-3α/β, CK2, Plk1 and SAPK2A. Phase 1.|
|Features||An orally bioavailable, small molecule inhibitor of Aurora kinase/VEGFR2.|
The most Aurora-selective CYC116 shows inhibitory effect on Aurora A and B kinases 50-fold more potently than any of the CDKs assayed.  CYC116 is initially screened against a panel of human leukemia and solid tumor cell lines using an MTT antiproliferative assay. The results show that CYC116 has broad-spectrum antitumor activity and shows specific cytotoxicity against the acute myelogenous leukemia cell line MV4-11 with IC50 of 34 nM.  In addition, anti-proliferative activity of CYC116 is found to be associated with Aurora A and B modulation such as, inhibition of Aurora autophosphorylation, reduction of histone H3 phosphorylation, polyploidy, followed by cell death, resulting from a failure in cytokinesis. 
|In vivo||Mice bearing subcutaneous NCI-H460 xenografts are given CYC116 orally for 5 days, at dose levels of 75 and 100 mg/kg q.d. It leads to tumor growth delays of 2.3 and 5.8 days, which translated into specific growth delays of 0.32 and 0.81, respectively. |
Kinase Assays:Aurora A kinase assays are performed using a 25 μL reaction volume (25 mM β-glycerophosphate, 20 mM Tris/HCl, pH 7.5, 5 mM EGTA, 1 mM DTT, 1 mM Na3VO4, 10 μg of kemptide (peptide substrate)). Recombinant Aurora A kinase is diluted in 20 mM Tris/HCl, pH 8, containing 0.5 mg/mL BSA, 2.5% glycerol, and 0.006% Brij-35. Reactions are started by the addition of 5 μL Mg/ATP mix (15 mM MgCl2, 100 μM ATP, with 18.5 kBq γ-32P-ATP per well) and incubated at 30°C for 30 minutes before termination with 25 μL of 75 mM H3PO4. Aurora B kinase assays are performed like Aurora A except that prior to use, Aurora B is activated in a separate reaction at 30°C for 60 minutes with inner centromere protein.
|In vitro||DMSO||24 mg/mL warmed (65.13 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT00560716||Terminated||Solid Tumors||Cyclacel Pharmaceuticals Inc.||June 2007||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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