For research use only.
Catalog No.S1940 Synonyms: Fluoroquinolone
Molecular Weight(MW): 361.37
Levofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic topoisomerase II and topoisomerase IV inhibitor, used to treat respiratory, urinary tract, gastrointestinal, and abdominal infections.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Topoisomerase Inhibitors
|Description||Levofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic topoisomerase II and topoisomerase IV inhibitor, used to treat respiratory, urinary tract, gastrointestinal, and abdominal infections.|
Levofloxacin is active against most aerobic Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms and demonstrates moderate activity against anaerobes. Levofloxacin is two-fold more active than ciprofloxacin against Streptococcus pneumoniae and 2- to 4-fold more active than ciprofloxacin against Staphylococcus aureus, Xanthomonas maltophilia, and Bacteroides fragilis. Levofloxacin is two- to eightfold more active than ciprofloxacin against coagulase-negative staphylococci and Acinetobacter spp., although these improvements in potency may not be clinically relevant. Levofloxacin inhibits 90% of streptococci when it is used at concentrations of 1 mg/mL to 2 mg/mL.  Levofloxacin exhibits twofold greater inhibitory and bactericidal activities than ofloxacin against either extracellular or intracellular tubercle bacilli.  Levofloxacin has the least inhibitory effect on osteoblastic cell growth, with a 50% inhibitory concentration of approximately 80 mg/mL at 48 and 72 hours. Levofloxacin results in strong inhibition of calcium deposition, as determined on day 14 by alizarin red staining and biochemical analysis. Levofloxacin inhibits glycosaminoglycan synthesis initially and DNA synthesis and mitochondrial function secondarily at actual arthropathic concentrations in cultured rabbit chondrocytes but that these changes are reversible and not enough to kill the cells. 
|In vivo||Levofloxacin is as efficacious as or more efficacious than that with ciprofloxacin in systemic as well as pyelonephritis infections in mice. Levofloxacin achieves higher concentrations in the serum and tissue of mice than does ciprofloxacin. |
-  Davis R, et al. Drugs,?994, 47(4), 677-700.
-  Fu KP, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother,?992, 36(4), 860-866.
-  Mor N, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother,?994, 38(5), 1161-1164.
|In vitro||DMSO||24 mg/mL (66.41 mM)|
|Water||11 mg/mL (30.43 mM)|
|Ethanol||9 mg/mL (24.9 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04239326||Not yet recruiting||Diagnostic Test: targeted Next Generation Sequencing (tNGS)||Tuberculosis Multidrug-Resistant||Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics Switzerland||April 2020||--|
|NCT04374188||Recruiting||Drug: Ciprofloxacin|Drug: Levofloxacin||Nephrolithiasis||Diaa Eldin Taha Ramadan Mohamed|Kafrelsheikh University||September 1 2019||Not Applicable|
|NCT04212078||Recruiting||Drug: Levofloxacin Ophthalmic|Drug: Cefuroxime||Endophthalmitis Postoperative||National University of Malaysia|Santen Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.||July 29 2019||Phase 1|Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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