Molecular Weight(MW): 352.77
Griseofulvin, a production from some strains of the mold Penicillium griseofulvumam, is able to inhibit cell mitosis by interfering with microtubule function.
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|Description||Griseofulvin, a production from some strains of the mold Penicillium griseofulvumam, is able to inhibit cell mitosis by interfering with microtubule function.|
Griseofulvin is active against dermatophytes of different species in the genera Microsporum, Trichophyton and Epidermophyton. Other fungi such as Scopulariopsis brevicaulis and Hendersomula toruloidea are insensitive. Griseofulvin has little or no effect against yeasts and bacteria. The minimum inhibitory concentration of Griseofulvin tested in vitro against various dermatophytes ranges between 0.14 and 0.6 μg/mL. Main effect of Griseofulvin on cell mitosis is disorganization of the spindle microtubules. Griseofulvin is also able to induce structural chromosomal aberrations in mammalian cells.  Griseofulvin inhibits the viability of human colon adenocarcinoma cells COLO 205 and HT 29, hepatoma cells Hep G2 and Hep 3B, leukemia cells HL 60, and normal keratinocytes (#76 KhGH) with IC50s of ~1 and ~5 μM, 5 and 5 μM, 1 μM, and 50 μM, respectively after a 30 hr incubation,. Griseofulvin (20 μM) induces a marked presence of abnormal mitotic spindle formation with mono-, bi-, and tripolar spindles of varying lengths in HT 29 cells, and causes G2/M cell cycle arrest at 24h through elevation of cyclin B1/cdc2 kinase activity and down-regulation of myt-1 protein expression. Griseofulvin is able to induce apoptosis of HT 29 cells via caspase3 activation, Bcl-2 hyperphosphorylation and inhibition of the normal function of Bcl-2 associated with Bax. 
|In vivo||Griseofulvin displays potent anti-infection activity in vivo. The minimum effective dose of Griseofulvin given daily per os is 250 mg/kg (6 days) in mice with a cutaneous infection of Trichophyton quinckeanum and 25 mg/kg (12 days) in guinea pigs with a cutaneous infection of Trichophyton mentagrophytes.  Griseofulvin (50 mg/kg) is able to suppress COLO 205 tumor xenografts growth. Treatment with Griseofulvin and nocodazole (5 mg/kg) together significantly enhances the efficacy of nocodazole, leading to cessation of tumor growth. |
|In vitro||DMSO||50 mg/mL (141.73 mM)|
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