For research use only.
CAS No. 209410-46-8
Neflamapimod (VX-745) is a potent and selective inhibitor of p38α with IC50 of 10 nM, 22-fold greater selectivity versus p38β and no inhibition to p38γ.
Selleck's Neflamapimod (VX-745) has been cited by 10 publications
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Choose Selective p38 MAPK Inhibitors
|Description||Neflamapimod (VX-745) is a potent and selective inhibitor of p38α with IC50 of 10 nM, 22-fold greater selectivity versus p38β and no inhibition to p38γ.|
|Features||A potent and selective inhibitor to p38α and p38β MAPK.|
VX-745 selectively inhibits p38α and p38β MAPK with IC50 of 10 nM and 220 nM, respectively, but not p38γ MAPK and a large panel of other kinases, with IC50 larger than 20 µM. In a human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) assay, VX-745 provides IC50 of 56 and 52 nM for IL-1β and TNFα, respectively. VX-745 blocks IL-6 and IL-8 production induced by IL-1 and TNFα, and COX-2 synthesis mediated by LPS and IL-1β. [1-3] VX-745 (60 nM-20 µM) inhibits IL-6 and VEGF secretion in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), without affecting their viability. VX-745 also inhibits TNF-α-induced IL-6 secretion in BMSCs. VX-745 inhibits both multiple myeloma (MM) cell proliferation and IL-6 secretion in BMSCs triggered by adherence of MM cells to BMSCs, suggesting that VX-745 can inhibit paracrine multiple myeloma (MM) cell growth in the BM milieu and overcome cell adhesion-related drug resistance. 
|In vivo||VX-745 is effective against adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) in the rat with ED50 of 5 mg/kg. Histological scores for VX-745 in AA rats are 93% inhibition of bone resorption and 56% inhibition of inflammation. In the classical cartilage-induced arthritis model, VX-745 exhibits a dose-responsive decrease in severity score. [1-3] In a type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice model, VX-745 (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg) has 27%, 31%, and 44% improvement in the inflammatory scores, respectively, when compared to vehicle-treated mice. In addition, histological scores show a 32-39% protection of bone and cartilage erosion by VX-745. |
Spectrophotometric coupled-enzyme assay:The IC50 for the inhibition of p38α and p38β homologs are obtained by a spectrophotometric coupled-enzyme assay. A fixed concentration of enzyme (15 nM of p38α or p38β) is incubated with VX-745 in DMSO for 10 min. at 30 °C in 0.1 M HEPES buffer, pH 7.5, containing 10% glycerol, 10 mM MgCl2, 2.5 mM phosphoenolpyruvate, 200 µM NADH, 150 µg/mL pyruvate kinase, 50 µg/mL lactate dehydrogenase, and 200 µM EGF receptor peptide (KRELVEPLTPSGEAPNQALLR). The reaction is initiated with 100 µM and 70 µM ATP for p38α and p38β assays, respectively. The decrease of absorbance at 340 nm is monitored to follow the rate of the reaction. IC50 is evaluated from the rate data as a function of the inhibitor concentration.
-  Decicco C, et al. American Chemical Society, 2000, IDDB3.
-  Haddad JJ, Curr Opin Investig Drugs, 2001, 2(8), 1070-1076.
-  Salituro FG, et al. 27th National Medicinal Chemistry Symposium, 2000, June 16.
|In vitro||DMSO||15 mg/mL (34.38 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
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