Doramapimod (BIRB 796)
Molecular Weight(MW): 527.66
Doramapimod (BIRB 796) is a pan-p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50 of 38 nM, 65 nM, 200 nM and 520 nM for p38α/β/γ/δ in cell-free assays, and binds p38α with Kd of 0.1 nM in THP-1 cells, 330-fold greater selectivity versus JNK2, weak inhibition for c-RAF, Fyn and Lck, insignificant inhibition of ERK-1, SYK, IKK2.
Cited by 35 Publications
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective p38 MAPK Inhibitors
|Description||Doramapimod (BIRB 796) is a pan-p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50 of 38 nM, 65 nM, 200 nM and 520 nM for p38α/β/γ/δ in cell-free assays, and binds p38α with Kd of 0.1 nM in THP-1 cells, 330-fold greater selectivity versus JNK2, weak inhibition for c-RAF, Fyn and Lck, insignificant inhibition of ERK-1, SYK, IKK2.|
|Features||The first p38 MAPK inhibitor to be tested in a phase III clinical trial.|
BIRB 796 shows no significant inhibition to ERK-1, SYK, IKK2β, ZAP-70, EGF receptor kinase, HER2, protein kinase A (PKA), PKC, PKC-α, PKC-β (I and II) and PKC-γ. BIRB 796 greatly improves binding affinity by forming a hydrogen bond between the morpholine oxygen and the ATP-binding domain of p38α. BIRB 796 represents one of the most potent and slowest dissociating inhibitors against human p38 MAP kinase now known.  BIRB 796 potently inhibits c-Raf-1 and Jnk2α2 with IC50 of 1.4 and 0.1 nM, respectively.  BIRB796 also inhibits the activity and the activation of SAPK3/p38γ at a higher concentration than it does in p38α. BIRB796 blocks the stress-induced phosphorylation of the scaffold protein SAP97, which is a physiological substrate of SAPK3/p38γ. BIRB796 blocks JNK1/2 activation and activity in HEK293 cells, while not inhibits the activation and activity of ERK1/ERK2 in Hela cells. Moreover, the binding of BIRB796 to the p38 MAPKs or JNK1/2 is impairing their phosphorylation by the upstream kinase MKK6 or MKK4 rather than enhancing their dephosphorylation.  BIRB 796 blocks baseline and bortezomib-triggered upregulation of p38 MAPK and Hsp27 phosphorylation, thereby enhancing cytotoxicity and caspase activation. BIRB 796 downregulates IL-6 and VEGF secretion in BMSCs triggered by TNF-α and TGF-β1.  BIRB-796 has a pyrazole scaffold that places a lipophilic t-butyl group into the lower selectivity site and a tolyl ring into the upper selectivity site. BIRB-796 also inhibits B-Raf and Abl with IC50 of 83 nM and 14.6 μM, respectively. 
|In vivo||BIRB 796 (30 mg/kg) inhibits 84% of TNF-α in LPS-stimulated mice and demonstrates efficacy in a mouse model of established collagen-induced arthritis.  BIRB 796 has good pharmacokinetic performance even after oral administration in mice. |
-  Pargellis C, et al. Nat Struct Biol, 2002, 9(4), 268-272.
-  Regan J, et al. J Med Chem, 2002, 45(14), 2994-3008.
-  Kuma Y, et al. J Biol Chem, 2005, 280(20), 19472-19479.
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (189.51 mM)|
|Ethanol||100 mg/mL (189.51 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.