Molecular Weight(MW): 421.3
Vismodegib (GDC-0449) is a potent, novel and specific hedgehog inhibitor with IC50 of 3 nM and also inhibits P-gp with IC50 of 3.0 μM in a cell-free assay.
Cited by 80 Publications
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|Description||Vismodegib (GDC-0449) is a potent, novel and specific hedgehog inhibitor with IC50 of 3 nM and also inhibits P-gp with IC50 of 3.0 μM in a cell-free assay.|
GDC-0449 targets the Hedgehog signaling pathway, blocking the activities of the Hedgehog-ligand cell surface receptors PTCH and/or SMO and suppressing Hedgehog signaling. GDC-0449 prevents multiple ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. GDC-0449 also blocks ABCG2, Pgp, and MRP1-important ABC transporters associated with MDR. GDC-0449 is a potent inhibitor of ABC transporters, ABCG2/BCRP and ABCB1/Pgp, and is a mild inhibitor of ABCC1/MRP1. In ABCG2-overexpressing HEK293 cells, GDC-0449 increases retention of the fluorescent ABCG2 substrate BODIPY-prazosin and resensitizes these cells to mitoxantrone. In Madin-Darby canine kidney II cells engineered to overexpress Pgp or MRP1, GDC-0449 increases the retention of calcein-AM and resensitizes them to colchicine. GDC-0449 also resensitizes human non-small cell lung carcinoma cells NCI-H460/par and NCI-H460/MX20, which overexpress ABCG2 in response to mitoxantrone, to mitoxantrone, and to topotecan or SN-38. The IC50 values of GDC-0449 for prevention of ABCG2 and Pgp are about 1.4 μM and 3.0 μM, respectively.  GDC-0449 alters intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and inhibits cell growth in cisplatin-resistant lung cancer cells. 
|In vivo||GDC-0449 has been used to treat medulloblastoma in animal models.  GDC-0449 prevents the growth of primary pancreatic xenografts without non-specifically inhibiting pancreatic cell proliferation. Oral dosing of GDC-0449 causes tumor regressions in the Ptch(+/-) allograft model of medulloblastoma at doses ≥25 mg/kg and tumor growth inhibition at doses up to 92 mg/kg dosed twice daily in two ligand-dependent colorectal cancer models, D5123, and 1040830. Analysis of Hh pathway activity and PK/PD modeling reveals that GDC-0449 inhibits Gli1 with a similar IC50 in both the medulloblastoma and D5123 models (0.165 μM and 0.267 μM, respectively). Pathway modulation is linked to efficacy using an integrated PK/PD model revealing a steep relationship where > 50% of the activity of GDC-0449 is associated with >80% repression of the Hh pathway. |
|In vitro||DMSO||84 mg/mL (199.38 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03610022||Recruiting||Drug: Treatment with vismodegib||Metastatic Basal Cell Carcinoma|Locally Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma||University Hospital Bordeaux||September 3 2018||Phase 4|
|NCT03035188||Recruiting||Drug: Vismodegib||Basal Cell Carcinoma||SRH Wald-Klinikum Gera GmbH||January 2017||Phase 2|
|NCT02781389||Active not recruiting||--||Basal Cell Carcinoma||University Hospital Essen|OnkoDataMed GmbH||April 29 2016||--|
|NCT02648048||Completed||Drug: Pirfenidone|Drug: Vismodegib||Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis||Hoffmann-La Roche||January 15 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02593760||Completed||Other: Placebo|Drug: Ruxolitinib|Drug: Vismodegib||Myelofibrosis||Hoffmann-La Roche||January 25 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02366312||Completed||Drug: vismodegib||Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor||NYU College of Dentistry|Genentech Inc.||October 27 2015||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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