For research use only.
CAS No. 23076-35-9
Xylazine is an α2-Adrenergic receptor agonist, used as a sedative and muscle relaxant.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Adrenergic Receptor Inhibitors
|Description||Xylazine is an α2-Adrenergic receptor agonist, used as a sedative and muscle relaxant.|
|In vivo||Xylazine dose-dependently inhibits norepinephrine release and lipolysis in beagle dogs. Xylazine also tends to decrease epinephrine levels dose-dependently.  Xylazine hydrochloride dose- and time-dependently reduces amount of minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) in horse. Xylazine hydrochloride dose- and time-dependently increases blood glucose concentration in horse.  Xylazine induces variable bilateral caudal analgesia extending from coccyx to S3, with minimal sedation, ataxia, and cardiovascular and respiratory depression in standing mares. Xylazine significantly decreases heart and respiratory rates, systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial blood pressure, PCV, hemoglobin concentration, arterial oxygen content, and oxygen transport.  Xylazine results in significantly decreased heart rate, increased incidence of atrioventricular block, and decreased cardiac output and cardiac index in horse.  Xylazine induces sedation and selective (S3 to Co) analgesia for at least 2 hours in cows. Xylazine significantly decreases heart rate, respiratory rate, rate of ruminal contractions, arterial blood pressure, PaO2, PCV, and total solids concentration, and significantly increases PaCO2, base excess, and bicarbonate concentration in cows.  Xylazine severely depresses the N3 field (-75%) and completely abolishes the climbing fiber field (-100%) in the nonanesthetized, decerebrated rat. Xylazine- ketamine injections also severely depresses the N3 field (-75%) and nearly completely abolishes theclimbing fiber field (-90%) in the nonanesthetized, decerebrated rat.|
-  Ambrisko TD, et al. Can J Vet Res,?002, 66(1), 42-49.
-  Steffey EP, et al. Am J Vet Res,?000, 61(10), 1225-1231.
-  Skarda RT, et al. Am J Vet Res,?996, 57(2), 193-200.
|In vitro||DMSO||50 mg/mL (194.71 mM)|
|Ethanol||50 mg/mL (194.71 mM)|
|Water||12 mg/mL (46.73 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.