For research use only.
CAS No. 167869-21-8
PD98059 is a non-ATP competitive MEK inhibitor with IC50 of 2 μM in a cell-free assay, specifically inhibits MEK-1-mediated activation of MAPK; does not directly inhibit ERK1 or ERK2. PD98059 is a ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and functions as an AHR antagonist.
Selleck's PD98059 has been cited by 299 publications
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|Description||PD98059 is a non-ATP competitive MEK inhibitor with IC50 of 2 μM in a cell-free assay, specifically inhibits MEK-1-mediated activation of MAPK; does not directly inhibit ERK1 or ERK2. PD98059 is a ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and functions as an AHR antagonist.|
|Features||Does not inhibit c-Raf phosphorylated MEK1.|
PD98059 inhibits either basal MEK1 or a partially activated MEK produced by mutation of serine at residues 218 and 222 to glutamate (MEK-2E) with IC50 of 2 μM. PD98059 does not inhibit the MAPK homologues JNK and P38. PD98059 is highly selective against MEK, as it does not inhibit a number of other kinase activities including Raf kinase, cAMP-dependent kinase, protein kinase C, v-Src, epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor kinase, insulin receptor kinase, PDGF receptor kinase, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. PD98059 inhibits PDGF-stimulated activation of MAPK and thymidine incorporation into 3T3 cells with IC50 of ~10 μM and ~7 μM, respectively.  PD98059 potently prevents the activation of MEK1 by Raf or MEK kinase with IC50 of 4 μM, and weakly inhibits the activation of MEK2 by Raf with IC50 of 50 μM. PD98059 does not inhibit the activation of MEK homologues MKK4 and RK kinase that participate in stress and interleukin-1-stimulated kinase cascades in KB and PC12 cells, and the activation of p70 S6 kinase by insulin or epidermal growth factor in Swiss 3T3 cells.  PD98059 completely blocks the nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced differentiation of PC12 cells without altering cell viability.  PD98059 inhibits the proliferation of RAW264.7 cells in the culture containing RANKL in a dose-dependent manner, resulting in an apparent decrease of TRAP-positive cells. 
|In vivo||Treatment of mice 30 minutes before focal cerebral ischemia with PD98059 protects against damage, resulting in a decrease in infarct volume.  Pretreated with PD98059 (10 mg/kg per i.v. injection) 30 minutes before and then together with hourly cerulein injections for 3 hours significantly ameliorates cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis ipancreatitis on the basis of pancreatic wet weight and histology.  Administration of PD98059 (10 mg/kg) in mice 1 hour after carrageenan causes a reduction in all the parameters of inflammation measured. |
In vitro MEK-inhibitory activity:Incorporation of 32P into myelin basic protein (MBP) is assayed in the presence of glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion proteins containing the 44-kDa MAPK (GST-MAPK) or the 45-kDa MEK (GST-MEK1). Assays are conducted in 50 μL of 50 mM Tris, pH 7.4/10 mM MgCl2/2 mM EGTA/10 μM [γ-32P]ATP containing 10 μg of GST-MEK1, 0.5 μg of GST-MAPK, and 40 μg of MBP. After incubation at 30°C for 15 minutes, reactions are stopped by addition of Laemmli SDS sample buffer. Phosphorylated MBP is resolved by SDS/10% PAGE.
-  Dudley DT, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 1995, 92(17), 7686-7689.
-  Alessi DR, et al. J Biol Chem, 1995, 270(46), 27489-27494.
-  Pang L, et al. J Biol Chem, 1995, 270(23), 13585-13588.
-  Hotokezaka H, et al. J Biol Chem, 2002, 277(49), 47366-47372.
-  Alessandrini A, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 1999, 96(22), 12866-12869.
-  Clemons AP, et al. Pancreas, 2002, 25(3), 251-259.
-  Di Paola R, et al. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol, 2009, 22(4), 937-950.
-  Mandic A, et al. Melanoma Res, 2001, 11(1), 11-19.
-  Moon DO, et al. Int Immunopharmacol, 2007, 7(1), 36-45.
-  Zelivianski S, et al. Int J Cancer, 2003, 107(3), 478-485.
-  Kojima K, et al. Cancer Res, 2007, 67(7), 3210-3219.
|In vitro||DMSO||14 mg/mL warmed (52.37 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
4% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
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Frequently Asked Questions
How to formulate this inhibitor for i.p. injection?
You can prepare the stock by the vehicle 30% PEG400/0.5% Tween80/5% Propylene glycol, 0.5% CMC.