Medroxyprogesterone acetate

Catalog No.S2567 Synonyms: NSC-26386

Medroxyprogesterone acetate Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 386.52

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is a synthetic progestin and act as a potent progesterone receptor agonist, used to treat abnormal menstruation or irregular vaginal bleeding.

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In DMSO USD 130 In stock
USD 97 In stock
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  • The analgesic effect of koumine was reversed in sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury rats by intrathecal treatment with medroxyprogesterone acetate. Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO, vehicle) was administered via an intrathecal catheter 10 days after sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI) surgery. After 30 min, koumine (7 mg kg−1 bw) or normal saline (NS) was administered by subcutaneous (s.c.) injection. The mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) of the hind paws was measured 1 h after completion of the drug or vehicle administration. The data are presented as the mean ± SEM (n = 6 per group) and were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni post hoc test at each time point. *P < 0.05 vs. the DMSO + NS group; # P < 0.05 vs. the DMSO + koumine group.

    Molecular Pain, 2015, 11:46.. Medroxyprogesterone acetate purchased from Selleck.

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Biological Activity

Description Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is a synthetic progestin and act as a potent progesterone receptor agonist, used to treat abnormal menstruation or irregular vaginal bleeding.
progestogen Receptor [1]
In vitro

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) inhibits the enzyme 3-hydroxyste-roid dehydrogenase, involved in the reversible conversion between 5alpha-dihydroprogesterone (DHP) and 3alpha, 5alpha-tetrahydroprogesterone (THP), and therefore may affect the local actions of DHP and THP in the brain. [1] Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) reduces secretion of IL-6 and PTHrP from human breast cancer cells. MPA dose-dependently decreases the secretion and mRNA expression of IL-6 and PTHrP in the KTC-2 cells. [2] Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and dexamethasone dose dependently increases alpha-ENaC promoter-driven luciferase activity in M-1 cells, which is not inhibited by Org31710, indicating that Medroxyprogesterone acetate regulates alpha-ENaC in a PR-independent manner. Medroxyprogesterone acetate and dexamethasone, but not progesterone, dose dependently increases alpha-ENaC and sgk1 mRNA in M-1 and in Madin-Darby canine kidney-C7 cells, both collecting duct cell lines. [3] Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) (0.1 nM) significantly enhances the in vitro production of specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies, an effect that appears to involve the interaction of the progestin with PRG receptors[4]

In vivo Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) impairs delayed memory retention on the water radial-arm maze (WRAM), and exacerbates overnight forgetting on the Morris maze (MM) in aged ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) significantly and progesterone marginally decreases GAD levels in the hippocampus, and both MPA and progesterone significantly increases GAD levels in the entorhinal cortex. [5]


Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 12 mg/mL (31.04 mM)
Ethanol 12 mg/mL warmed (31.04 mM)
Water Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
5% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 386.52


CAS No. 71-58-9
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms NSC-26386

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Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT03660046 Recruiting Hormonal Contraception Emory University|National Institutes of Health (NIH)|Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) November 2018 Phase 4
NCT03675139 Not yet recruiting Endometrial Hyperplasia Without Atypia Xiaojun Chen|Fudan University October 1 2018 Phase 2|Phase 3
NCT03700658 Not yet recruiting Contraception Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products R&D Inc.|FHI 360|Teva Pharmaceutical Industries October 10 2018 Phase 1
NCT03018249 Active not recruiting Grade 1 Endometrial Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma|Grade 2 Endometrial Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma|Grade 3 Endometrial Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma|Uterine Corpus Adenosarcoma National Cancer Institute (NCI) August 25 2017 Phase 2
NCT02579590 Recruiting Female Sexual Function Assiut University May 2017 --
NCT02943655 Recruiting Improve Quality of Life|Heavy Menstrual Bleeding Assiut University November 2016 Phase 3

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Estrogen/progestogen Receptor Signaling Pathway Map

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID