pomaglumetad (LY404039)

Catalog No.S6001

For research use only.

LY404039 is a potent agonist of recombinant human mGlu2/mGlu3 receptors with Ki of 149 nM/92 nM, shows >100-fold selectivity over ionotropic glutamate receptors, glutamate transporters, and other receptors. Phase 3.

pomaglumetad (LY404039) Chemical Structure

CAS No. 635318-11-5

Selleck's pomaglumetad (LY404039) has been cited by 8 Publications

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Biological Activity

Description LY404039 is a potent agonist of recombinant human mGlu2/mGlu3 receptors with Ki of 149 nM/92 nM, shows >100-fold selectivity over ionotropic glutamate receptors, glutamate transporters, and other receptors. Phase 3.
Features Under investigation as an exciting new medicine that may herald the arrival of third-generation antipsychotic drugs.
Targets
Rat neurons expressing native mGlu2/3 [1] Recombinant human mGlu3 [1] Recombinant human mGlu2 [1]
88 nM(Ki) 92 nM(Ki) 149 nM(Ki)
In vitro

LY404039 exhibits low binding affinity to group III mGlu receptors including mGlu6, mGlu7 and mGlu8 with a Ki value more than 5 μM. LY404039 shows little affinity for ionotropic glutamate receptors, glutamate transporter subtypes, monoamine and other receptors. LY404039 potently inhibits forskolin-stimulated cAMP formation in cells expressing human mGlu2 and mGlu3 receptors. LY404039 suppresses electrically evoked excitatory activity in the striatum, and serotonin-induced L-glutamate release in the prefrontal cortex. LY404039 could modulate glutamatergic activity in limbic and forebrain areas relevant to psychiatric disorders and may be devoid of negative side effects associated with current antipsychotics and anxiolytics. [1]

In vivo LY404039 demonstrates higher plasma exposure and better oral bioavailability. LY404039 may be valuable in the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders, including anxiety and psychosis. [1] In wild-type animals, LY404039 significantly reverses d-amphetamine(AMP)-induced increase in ambulations, distance traveled, and reduced time spent at rest. LY404039 reverses phencyclidine (PCP)-evoked behaviors at 10 mg/kg. The antipsychotic-like effects of LY404039 on PCP and AMP-evoked behavioral activation are absent in mGlu2 and mGlu2/3 but not in mGlu3 receptor-deficient mice. In contrast, clozapine and risperidone inhibit PCP-evoked behaviors in both wild-type and mGlu2/3 receptor-deficient mice. [2] LY404039 reduces responding on the EtOH in the pavlovian spontaneous recovery (PSR) test and reduces the expression of an alcohol deprivation effect (ADE) during relapse, but does not affect EtOH responding under maintenance conditions. LY404039 inhibits the expression of alcohol seeking and relapse behavior without altering alcohol self-administration behavior. [3] Moreover, LY404039 attenuates amphetamine- and phencyclidine-induced hyperlocomotion. LY404039 could inhibit conditioned avoidance responding and also reduces fear-potentiated startle in rats and marble burying in mice. Importantly, LY404039 does not produce sedative effects or motor impairment in the conditioned avoidance task. LY404039 also increases dopamine and serotonin release/turnover in the prefrontal cortex. [4]

Protocol (from reference)

Animal Research:[2]
  • Animal Models: Separate mGlu2 and mGlu3 receptor knockout mice are established.
  • Dosages: 10 mg/kg
  • Administration: Administered via i.p.

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 1 mg/mL
(4.25 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

30 mg/mL

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 235.22
Formula

C7H9NO6S

CAS No. 635318-11-5
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles C1C(C2C(C2S1(=O)=O)C(=O)O)(C(=O)O)N

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)

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Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

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Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Interventions Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT01659177 Withdrawn Drug: LY2140023 Healthy Participants Denovo Biopharma LLC August 2012 Phase 1
NCT01637142 Completed Drug: LY2140023|Drug: 14C-LY2140023|Drug: 14C-LY404039 Healthy Participants Denovo Biopharma LLC July 2012 Phase 1
NCT01609218 Completed Drug: LY2140023|Drug: Aqueous activated charcoal Healthy Volunteer Study Denovo Biopharma LLC June 2012 Phase 1
NCT01475136 Completed Drug: LY2140023 Hepatic Insufficiency Denovo Biopharma LLC November 2011 Phase 1

(data from https://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2022-01-17)

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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