Molecular Weight(MW): 377.46
Phentolamine Mesylate is a reversible and nonselective alpha-adrenergic receptor antagonist, used for the prevention or control of hypertensive episodes.
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|Description||Phentolamine Mesylate is a reversible and nonselective alpha-adrenergic receptor antagonist, used for the prevention or control of hypertensive episodes.|
Phentolamine mesylate displaces binding of the selective alpha 1 receptor antagonists [125I]HEAT and [3H]prazosin and the alpha 2 receptor antagonists [3H]rauwolscine and [3H]RX 821002 with relatively high affinity in corpus cavernosum membranes. Phentolamine mesylate causes concentration dependent relaxation in erectile tissue strips pre-contracted with adrenergic agonists phenylephrine, norepinephrine, oxymetazoline and UK 14,304, as well as with non-adrenergic contractile agents Endothelin and KCl. Phentolamine mesylate induces relaxation of corpus cavernosum erectile tissue by direct antagonism of alpha 1 and 2 adrenergic receptors and by indirect functional antagonism via a non-adrenergic, endothelium-mediated mechanism suggesting nitric oxide synthase activation.  Phentolamine, an alpha-adrenergic antagonist, blocks the vasoconstriction associated with the epinephrine used in dental anesthetic formulations, thus enhancing the systemic absorption of the local anesthetic from the injection site. 
|In vivo||Phentolamine is a reversible competitive alpha-adrenergic antagonist with similar affinities for alphal and alpha2 receptors. Phentolamine mesylate causes vasodilatation and thus hypotension by decreasing peripheral vascular resistance.  Phentolamine mesylate (30 and 100 nM) dose-dependently enhances electrical field stimulation-induced relaxation of the rabbit corpus cavernosum. Phentolamine relaxes rabbit corpus cavernosum independent of alpha-adrenergic receptor blockade. Phentolamine mesylate relaxes nonadrenergic noncholinergic neurons of the rabbit corpus cavernosum by activating NO synthase and is independent of alpha-adrenergic receptor blockade. |
|In vitro||DMSO||76 mg/mL (201.34 mM)|
|Water||76 mg/mL (201.34 mM)|
|Ethanol||76 mg/mL (201.34 mM)|
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