For research use only.
Catalog No.S4031 Synonyms: LAS 34273, LAS-W 330
Molecular Weight(MW): 564.55
Aclidinium Bromide inhibits human muscarinic AChR M1, M2, M3, M4 and M5 with Ki of 0.1 nM, 0.14 nM, 0.14 nM, 0.21 nM and 0.16 nM, respectively.
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|Description||Aclidinium Bromide inhibits human muscarinic AChR M1, M2, M3, M4 and M5 with Ki of 0.1 nM, 0.14 nM, 0.14 nM, 0.21 nM and 0.16 nM, respectively.|
|Features||Approximately equipotent to Tiotropium, and 8-16 times more potent than Ipratropium for muscarinic receptor subtypes.|
[3H]Aclidinium binds to a homogeneous receptor of M2 with Kd of 0.34 nM and Bmax of 3.13 pmol/mg, and binds to M3 with Kd of 0.34 nM and Bmax of 3.13 pmol/mg. Aclidinium (< 100 nM) dose-dependently inhibits carbachol-induced contractions in isolated guinea pig trachea. Aclidinium shows an onset of action with t1/2 of 6.8 min, tmax of 35.9 min in isolated guinea pig trachea.  Aclidinium is hydrolysed in plasma samples from all species studied, with apparent half-lives at 37℃ of 11.7 min, 38.3 min, 1.8 min and 2.4 min in rat, guinea pig, dog and human plasma, respectively.  Aclidinium (0.1 μM) inhibits carbachol and TGF-β1 induced upregulation of collagen type I and α-SMA mRNA and protein expression in human bronchial fibroblasts. Aclidinium (0.1 μM) inhibits TGF-β1 induced upregulation of ChAT expression in human bronchial fibroblasts. Aclidinium (0.1 μM) inhibits carbachol- and TGF-β1-induced increases in ERK1/2 phosphorylation and RhoA-GTP formation in human bronchial fibroblasts. Aclidinium pretreatment prevents the upregulation of M1 and M3, but not M2 downregulation induced by carbachol or TGF-β1 in human lung fibroblasts. Aclidinium (0.1 μM) dose-dependently inhibits the TGF-β1 and carbachol-induced cell proliferation of human lung fibroblasts. 
|In vivo||Aclidinium shows an onset of action with IC50 (95% CI) of 140 μg/mL and tmax of 30 min in the acetylcholine-induced bronchoconstriction model in anesthetized guinea pigs. Aclidinium (500 μg/kg) induces a maximal increase in heart rate of 55% after 1 hour in conscious beagle dogs.  Aclidinium (1 mg/ml) produces a potent and sustained bronchoprotection (72%–88.4%) over the 120-min study period in anaesthetised guinea pigs. |
Affinity assay:The affinity of Aclidinium for the different human muscarinic receptor subtypes at equilibrium is determined by measuring their ability to displace the binding of [3H]NMS to cell membrane preparations expressing one of the human muscarinic receptor subtypes. Protein concentrations are 8.1 μg/well, 10.0 μg/well, 4.9 μg/well, 4.5 μg/well, and 5.0 μg/well for M1, M2, M3, M4, and M5 receptor membrane preparations, respectively. The assays are conducted at [3H]NMS concentrations approximately equal to the radioligand equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) for the different muscarinic receptors subtypes. The [3H]NMS concentration is 0.3 nM for the M1 and M4 assays and 1 nM for the M2, M3, and M5 assays. A range of antagonist concentrations (10−14 to 10−5 M) are tested in duplicate to generate competition curves. Nonspecific binding is determined in the presence of atropine (1 μM). Assay reagents are dissolved in assay binding buffer (phosphate-buffered saline with calcium and magnesium) to a total volume of 200 μL. After a 2 hours or 6 hours incubation period (M1–M4 and M5, respectively) at room temperature in 96-well microtiter plates to ensure that equilibrium is achieved for Aclidinium, 150 μL aliquots of the reaction are transferred to GF/C filter plates pretreated for 1 hour with wash buffer (50 mM Tris, 100 mM NaCl, pH 7.4) containing 0.05% polyethylenimine. Bound and free [3H]NMS are then separated by rapid vacuum filtration followed by four washes with ice-cold wash buffer. Filters are then dried for 30 min before addition of 30 μL of OptiPhase Supermix, and radioactivity is quantified using a MicroBeta Trilux microplate scintillation counter.
|In vitro||DMSO||113 mg/mL (200.15 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||LAS 34273, LAS-W 330|
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Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
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