For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 266.09
Amiloride is a selective T-type calcium channel blocker, an epithelial sodium channel blocker and a selective inhibitor of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA)(Ki=7 μM).
Selleck's Amiloride HCl has been cited by 6 publications
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|Description||Amiloride is a selective T-type calcium channel blocker, an epithelial sodium channel blocker and a selective inhibitor of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA)(Ki=7 μM).|
Amiloride is a relatively selective inhibitor of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) with an IC50 (the concentration required to reach 50% inhibition of an ion channel) in the concentration range of 0.1 to 0.5 μM. Amiloride is a relatively poor inhibitor of the the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) with an IC50 as low as 3 μM in the presence of a low external [Na+] but as high as 1 mM in the presence of a high [Na+]. Amiloride is an even weaker inhibitor of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX), with an IC50 of 1 mM. Amiloride (1 μM) and submicromolar doses of Benzamil (30 nM), doses known to inhibit the ENaC, inhibit the myogenic vasoconstriction response to increasing perfusion pressure by blocking the activity of ENaC proteins. Amiloride completely inhibits Na+ influx in doses known to be relatively specific for ENaC (1.5 μM) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). 
|In vivo||Amiloride at 1 mg/kg/day subcutaneously is found to reverse the initial increases in collagen deposition and prevent any further increases in the DOCA-salt hypertensive rat. Amiloride delays the onset of proteinuria and improved brain and kidney histologic scores in the saline-drinking, stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). compared with controls. Amiloride antagonizes or prevents actions of aldosterone in these cells and in cardiovascular and renal tissues in animals with salt-dependent forms of hypertension. |
|In vitro||DMSO||53 mg/mL (199.18 mM)|
|Water||6 mg/mL (22.54 mM)|
|Ethanol||5 mg/mL (18.79 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04181008||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Amiloride||Pharmacokinetics||Venkata Yellepeddi|Center for Addiction and Mental Health|University of Utah||March 2020||Early Phase 1|
|NCT02323100||Suspended||Drug: Ravicti low dose|Drug: Ravicti high dose|Drug: Placebo||Cystic Fibrosis||National Jewish Health|University of Alabama at Birmingham|Children''s Hospital of Philadelphia|Johns Hopkins University|Horizon Pharma Ireland Ltd. Dublin Ireland||December 2 2018||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT02586883||Unknown status||Other: bronchial ddp test||Idiopathic Dilation of the Bronchi||Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris||March 29 2016||Not Applicable|
|NCT02325362||Completed||Drug: Miglustat ; placebo|Drug: Placebo ; Miglustat||Cystic Fibrosis||Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris|Actelion|CRCM (Centres de Ressources et de Compétences de la Mucoviscidose)||March 17 2015||Phase 2|Phase 3|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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