For research use only.
Catalog No.S4711 Synonyms: Cichorigenin|Aesculetin
Molecular Weight(MW): 178.14
Esculetin is a coumarin derivative found in various natural plant products with various biological and pharmaceutical properties including anti-edema, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumour effects. It inhibits lipoxygenases (LOs).
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Choose Selective Lipoxygenase Inhibitors
|Description||Esculetin is a coumarin derivative found in various natural plant products with various biological and pharmaceutical properties including anti-edema, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumour effects. It inhibits lipoxygenases (LOs).|
Esculetin decreases cell proliferation by inducing G1 phase cell cycle arrest, which is associated with the down-regulation of cyclin D1/CDK4 and cyclin E/CDK2 complexes by the activation of p27KIP. Esculetin significantly inhibits proliferation of HCC cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner and with an IC50 value of 2.24 mM. It blocks the cell cycle at S phase and induces apoptosis in SMMC-7721 cells with significant elevation of caspase-3 and caspase-9 activity, but does not affect caspase-8 activity. Esculetin treatment results in the collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential in vitro and in vivo accompanied by increased Bax expression and decreased Bcl-2 expression at both transcriptional and translational levels. Esculetin exerts in vitro and in vivo antiproliferative activity in hepatocellular carcinoma, and its mechanisms involved initiation of a mitochondrial-mediated, caspase-dependent apoptosis pathway.
|In vivo||Esculetin significantly decreases tumor growth in mice bearing Hepa1-6 cells. Tumor weight is decreased by 20.33, 40.37, and 55.42% with increasing doses of esculetin. Of note, esculetin has no obvious toxicity in this animal study. In a rat experimental model of inflammatory bowel disease induced by trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid, esculetin at the dose of 5 mg/kg displays intestinal anti-inflammatory activity.|
|In vitro||DMSO||35 mg/mL (196.47 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
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|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
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