Molecular Weight(MW): 464.44
Enzalutamide (MDV3100) is an androgen-receptor (AR) antagonist with IC50 of 36 nM in LNCaP cells.
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|Description||Enzalutamide (MDV3100) is an androgen-receptor (AR) antagonist with IC50 of 36 nM in LNCaP cells.|
Enzalutamide has greater affinity to AR than Bicalutamide does in a competition assay with 16β-[18F]fluoro-5α-DHT (18-FDHT) in castration-resistant LNCaP/AR cells (AR-overexpressing). While Enzalutamide shows no agonism in LNCaP/AR prostate cells. Enzalutamide antagonizes induction of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2), combination with the synthetic androgen R1881 in parental LNCaP cells. Enzalutamide could inhibit the transcriptional activity of a mutant AR protein (W741C, mutation of Trp741 to Cys).  Enzalutamide also prevents nuclear translocation and co-activator recruitment of the ligand-receptor complex. 
|In vivo||Enzalutamide induces great tumor regression in castrate male mice bearing LNCaP/AR xenografts at a dose of 10 mg/kg. |
AR reporter assay:Enzalutamide is evaluated by an artificial AR response reporter system in a hormone refractory prostate cancer cell line. In this system, the prostate cancer LNCaP cells are engineered to stably express about 5-fold higher level of AR than endogenous level. The exogenous AR has similar properties to endogenous AR in that both are stabilized by a synthetic androgen R1881. The AR-over expressed cells are also engineered to stably incorporate an AR response reporter and the reporter activity of these cells shows features of hormone refractory prostate cancer. The antagonistic activity of Enzalutamide is tested in the presence of 100 pM of R1881. Engineered LNCaP cells are maintained in Iscove's medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Two days prior to Enzalutamide treatment, the cells are grown in Iscove's medium containing 10% charcoal-stripped FBS (CS-FBS) to deprive of androgens. The cells are split and grown in Iscove's medium containing 10% CS-FBS with 100 pM of R1881 and increasing concentrations of Enzalutamide. After two days of incubation, reporter activities are assayed.
|In vitro||DMSO||92 mg/mL warmed (198.08 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
5% DMSO+1% CMC Na+1% Tween-80
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03700099||Recruiting||Drug: Docetaxel|Drug: Enzalutamide||Prostate Cancer|Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer||Instituto do Cancer do Estado de São Paulo|Astellas Pharma Inc||September 3 2019||Phase 2|
|NCT03207529||Recruiting||Drug: Alpelisib|Drug: Enzalutamide||Anatomic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8|Anatomic Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8|Anatomic Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8|Anatomic Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v8|Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8|Androgen Receptor Positive|Estrogen Receptor Negative|Estrogen Receptor Positive|HER2/Neu Negative|Metastatic Breast Carcinoma|Progesterone Receptor Negative|Progesterone Receptor Positive|Prognostic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8|Prognostic Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8|Prognostic Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8|Prognostic Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v8|Prognostic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8|PTEN Positive|Recurrent Breast Carcinoma|Refractory Breast Carcinoma|Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|National Cancer Institute (NCI)|Novartis|Astellas Pharma Global Development Inc.||June 7 2019||Phase 1|
|NCT03939689||Recruiting||Drug: I-131-1095|Drug: Enzalutamide||Metastatic Prostate Cancer|Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer|Prostatic Neoplasm|Cancer of the Prostate|Progressive mCRPC||Progenics Pharmaceuticals Inc.||May 30 2019||Phase 2|
|NCT03927391||Recruiting||Drug: Enzalutamide||Prostatic Neoplasms Castration-Resistant||Radboud University||May 30 2019||Phase 4|
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Frequently Asked Questions
I would like to inquire about the usage or solubility of S1250, Enzalutamide.
For in vivo experiment, S1250 can be dissolved in 2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+ddH2O at 5mg/ml as a suspension for oral gavage. And it can be dissolved in 15% DMSO+85% PEG 300 at 10mg/ml as a clear solution. When prepare the solution, please dissolve the compound in DMSO clearly first, then add PEG.