For research use only.
Catalog No.S1189 Synonyms: MK-0869, L-754030
CAS No. 170729-80-3
Aprepitant (MK-0869, L-754030) is a potent and selective neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist with IC50 of 0.1 nM. Aprepitant reduces levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines including G-CSF, IL-6, IL-8 and TNFα. Aprepitant inhibits HIV infection of human macrophages.
Selleck's Aprepitant has been cited by 16 publications
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The combination of Aprepitant and select shRNAs enhances hypoxia tolerance in kidney epithelial cells. HK-2 cells expressing shRNA targeting (a) C2ORF42 and (b) RHOB were treated with the indicated concentrations of Aprepitant and exposed to ischemic conditions for 48 h. For each dose of the drug, the numbers of cells remaining after treatment were analyzed as a percent of cells incubated under normoxic conditions. For each shRNA, the results are shown in comparison with those for vector-transduced HK-2 cells, which were treated in parallel. (c) Caspase activity following 40 h of ischemia was measured in HK-2 cells, modified or treated as indicated. Error bars for all panels indicate S.D. of three independent experiments. The asterisks indicate a significant (P<0.05, unless otherwise indicated in panel c) difference comparing the indicated treatment goups
Cell Death Differ, 2016, 23(4):608-15. Aprepitant purchased from Selleck.
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Choose Selective Neurokinin Receptor Inhibitors
|Description||Aprepitant (MK-0869, L-754030) is a potent and selective neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist with IC50 of 0.1 nM. Aprepitant reduces levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines including G-CSF, IL-6, IL-8 and TNFα. Aprepitant inhibits HIV infection of human macrophages.|
Aprepitant antagonizes the effects of substance P by binding to NK-1 receptors primarily in the CNS, but also in the periphery. Aprepitant, at concentrations of 0.1 nM displaces 50% of substance P from hNK1 receptors transfected in CHO or COS cells. In radioligand binding assays, Aprepitant is 3000-fold selective for the human cloned NK1 receptor versus the human cloned NK3 receptor and >50,000-fold selective over the human cloned NK2 receptor. In a range of assays at other human cloned G–protein coupled receptors, Aprepitant retains >50,000-fold selectivity for the human cloned NK1 receptor. Aprepitant is inactive in human monoamine oxidase A and B assays and at human serotonin 5–HT1A, 5–HT2A, 5–HT2c, 5–HT3, 5–HT5, 5–HT6, and 5–HT7 receptors (IC50>3 μM). In the PANLABS panel of radioligand binding screens using native animal tissues, Aprepitant inhibits [3H]substance P binding to native NK1 receptors in rat submaxillary gland; there are no signiﬁcant interactions of Aprepitant with any other native animal G–protein coupled receptors or ion channels examined in the PANLABS screen. Aprepitant is inactive in monoamine uptake site (NE, 5–HT, DA) counterscreens using human and animal tissues (IC50> 3 μM) 
Aprepitant crosses the blood–brain barrier and occupied NK-1 receptors in the brain. Aprepitant has been shown to inhibit both acute and delayed emesis induced by cytotoxic chemotherapeutic such as cisplatin by blocking substance P. Aprepitant (3 mg/kg i.v. or p.o.) inhibits the emetic response to cisplatin (10 mg/kg i.v.). The anti-emetic protection afforded by Aprepitant (0.1 mg/kg i.v.) is enhanced by combined treatment with either dexamethasone (20 mg/kg i.v.) or the 5–HT3 receptor antagonist ondansetron (0.1 mg/kg i.v.). In a model of acute and delayed emesis, ferrets are dosed with cisplatin (5 mg/kg i.p.) and the retching and vomiting response recorded for 72 h. Pretreatment with Aprepitant (4–16 mg/kg p.o.) dose-dependently inhibits the emetic response to cisplatin. Once daily treatment with Aprepitant (2 and 4 mg/kg p.o.) completely prevents retching and vomiting in all ferrets tested. Further when daily dosing began at 24 h after cisplatin injection, when the acute phase of emesis had already become established, Aprepitant (4 mg/kg p.o. at 24 and 48 h after cisplatin) prevents retching and vomiting in three out of four ferrets.  Aprepitant also plays a key part in transmission of pain impulses from the peripheral receptors to the CNS and is involved in various behavioural, neurochemical and cardiovascular responses to stress. 
|In vitro||DMSO||107 mg/mL (200.21 mM)|
|Ethanol||15 mg/mL (28.06 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
5% DMSO+corn oil
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
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Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
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Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04075955||Completed||Drug: Zyprexa® (OLANZapine 5MG)|Drug: Emend® (Aprepitant)||Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting||CR-CSSS Champlain-Charles-Le Moyne||April 29 2019||Phase 3|
|NCT03683225||Recruiting||Combination Product: CTC-413||Idiopathic Parkinson Disease||Chase Therapeutics Corporation||April 1 2019||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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