TNF-alpha

Signaling Pathway Map

Research Area

Inhibitory Selectivity

Isoform-specific Inhibitors

TNF-alpha Products

New TNF-alpha Products
Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
A2010

Adalimumab (anti-TNF-alpha)

Adalimumab (anti-TNF-alpha) is the first fully human, recombinant IgG1 monoclonal antibody that specifically targets human TNF-alpha, MW: 144.19 KD.

S1029

Lenalidomide (CC-5013)

Lenalidomide (CC-5013) is a TNF-α secretion inhibitor with IC50 of 13 nM in PBMCs. Lenalidomide (CC-5013) is a ligand of ubiquitin E3 ligase cereblon (CRBN), and it causes selective ubiquitination and degradation of two lymphoid transcription factors, IKZF1 and IKZF3, by the CRBN-CRL4 ubiquitin ligase.

S1567

Pomalidomide

Pomalidomide inhibits LPS-induced TNF-α release with IC50 of 13 nM in PBMCs. Pomalidomide can be utilized in PROTAC as a ligand for targeting E3 ligase and inhibiting the E3 ligase protein cereblon (CRBN).

S1193

Thalidomide

Thalidomide was introduced as a sedative drug, immunomodulatory agent and also is investigated for treating symptoms of many cancers. Thalidomide inhibits an E3 ubiquitin ligase, which is a CRBN-DDB1-Cul4A complex.

S8037

Necrostatin-1

Necrostatin-1 is a specific RIP1 (RIPK1) inhibitor and inhibits TNF-α-induced necroptosis with EC50 of 490 nM in 293T cells.

S2465New

CPI-1189

CPI-1189 is the proapoptotic cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha inhibitor. CPI-1189 intracellularly inhibits the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphoactivation and shows neuroprotective effects.

S6511New

RIPA-56

RIPA-56 is a highly-potent, selective, and metabolically stable RIP1 (RIPK1) inhibitor.

S4902

QNZ (EVP4593)

QNZ (EVP4593) shows potent inhibitory activity toward both NF-κB activation and TNF-α production with IC50 of 11 nM and 7 nM in Jurkat T cells, respectively.

S8034

Apremilast (CC-10004)

Apremilast (CC-10004) is a potent and orally active PDE4 and TNF-α inhibitor with IC50 of 74 nM and 77 nM, respectively.

S1623

Acetylcysteine(N-acetylcysteine)

Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) is a ROS(reactive oxygen species) inhibitor that antagonizes the activity of proteasome inhibitors. It is also a tumor necrosis factor production inhibitor, used mainly as a mucolytic, protects against acetaminophen overdose-induced hepatotoxicity by maintaining or restoring hepatic concentrations of glutathione.Solutions of Acetylcysteine are best fresh-prepared.

S4238

Cepharanthine

Cepharanthine is a biscoclaurine alkaloid inhibiting tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-mediated NFκB stimulation, plasma membrane lipid peroxidation and platelet aggregation and suppressing cytokine production.

S8641

Nec-1s (7-Cl-O-Nec1)

Nec-1s is a stable variant of Necrostatin-1. It is a more specific RIPK1 inhibitor lacking the IDO-targeting effect, with >1000-fold more selective for RIPK1 than for any other kinase out of 485 human kinases.

S8787

GSK'547

GSK'547 is a highly selective and potent inhibitor of RIP1 (RIPK1) exhibiting a 400-fold improvement in mouse pharmacokinetic oral exposure compared with GSK'963

S8484

GSK2982772

GSK2982772 is an ATP competitive receptor-interacting protein-1 (RIP1) kinase (RIPK1) inhibitor with the IC50 value of 16 nM. It has exquisite kinase specificity and excellent activity in blocking many TNF-dependent cellular responses.

S8642

GSK'963

GSK'963 is a chiral small-molecule inhibitor of RIP1 kinase (RIPK1) with an IC50 of 29 nM in FP binding assays. It is >10 000-fold selective for RIP1 over 339 other kinases.

S3785

Notoginsenoside R1

Notoginsenoside R1 is the main ingredient with cardiovascular activity in Panax notoginseng. It inhibits TNF-α-induced PAI-1 overexpression via extracellular signal-related kinases (ERK1/2) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB) signaling pathways.

S5913

Cambinol

Cambinol is a novel uncompetitive nSMase2 inhibitor with a K i value of 7 μM (IC50 = 5 ± 1 μM).

S9396

Geraniin

Geraniin, a hydrolysable polyphenol derived from Nephelium lappaceum L. fruit rind, has been shown to possess significant antioxidant activity in vitro.The IC50 values of TNF-α release inhibition were 43 μM for geraniin.

S7609

GW4869

GW4869 is a neutral, noncompetitive inhibitor of sphingomyelinase (SMase) with an IC50 of 1 μM. It is selective for N-SMase, and does not inhibit acid SMase at up to at least 150 μM.

S9090

Corilagin

Corilagin, discovered in many medicinal plants such as Phyllanthus speices etc., has multiple activities including anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, hepatoprotective and others. It is an inhibitor of TNF-α.

S3138

Methylthiouracil

Methylthiouracil is an antithyroid preparation. Methylthiouracil is an antithyroid agent. Methylthiouracil suppresses the production TNF-α and IL-6, and the activation of NF-κB and ERK1/2.

S8169

GSK481

GSK481 is a RIP1(Receptor Interacting Protein Kinase1, RIPK1) inhibitor. Inhibition of RIP1 has been shown to hinder cell necrotic death.

S5584

Citronellol

Citronellol, a constituent of rose and geranium oils, is used in perfumes and insect repellents. Citronellol can cause necrotic apoptosis of NCI-H1299 cells by up-regulating TNF-α, RIP1 / RIP3 activities, and down-regulating caspase-3 / caspase-8 activities. Citronellol also results in a biphasic increase in ROS production at 1 h and at 12 h in NCI-H1299 cells.

S3865

Taurochenodeoxycholic acid

Taurochenodeoxycholic acid, a bile acid formed in the liver of most species, is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.

S6643New

R-7050

R-7050 is a cell permeable TNF-α receptor antagonist and is 2.3-fold more selective for TNF-α-mediated signaling than for that driven by IL-1β.

S5851

4'-Methoxychalcone

4'-Methoxychalcone, found in citrus, is chalcone derivative that has shown diverse pharmacological properties, including anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory activities. 4'-Methoxychalcone significantly enhanced adipocyte differentiation, in part, by its potent effects on PPARγ activation and by its reverse effect on TNF-α.

S7942

Bioymifi

Bioymifi, a small-molecule death receptor 5 (DR5) agonist, binds to the extracellular domain(ECD) of DR5 with a Kd of 1.2 μM but showed little binding affinity to the DR4 ECD. It induces DR5 clustering and aggregation, leading to apoptosis.

S1537

DMXAA (Vadimezan)

DMXAA (Vadimezan) is a vascular disrupting agents (VDA) and competitive inhibitor of DT-diaphorase with Ki of 20 μM and IC50 of 62.5 μM in cell-free assays, respectively. DMXAA (Vadimezan) is also a STING agonist with potential antineoplastic activity. DMXAA (Vadimezan) potently induces IFN-β but relatively low TNF-α expression in vitro. Phase 3.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
A2010

Adalimumab (anti-TNF-alpha)

Adalimumab (anti-TNF-alpha) is the first fully human, recombinant IgG1 monoclonal antibody that specifically targets human TNF-alpha, MW: 144.19 KD.

S1029

Lenalidomide (CC-5013)

Lenalidomide (CC-5013) is a TNF-α secretion inhibitor with IC50 of 13 nM in PBMCs. Lenalidomide (CC-5013) is a ligand of ubiquitin E3 ligase cereblon (CRBN), and it causes selective ubiquitination and degradation of two lymphoid transcription factors, IKZF1 and IKZF3, by the CRBN-CRL4 ubiquitin ligase.

S1567

Pomalidomide

Pomalidomide inhibits LPS-induced TNF-α release with IC50 of 13 nM in PBMCs. Pomalidomide can be utilized in PROTAC as a ligand for targeting E3 ligase and inhibiting the E3 ligase protein cereblon (CRBN).

S1193

Thalidomide

Thalidomide was introduced as a sedative drug, immunomodulatory agent and also is investigated for treating symptoms of many cancers. Thalidomide inhibits an E3 ubiquitin ligase, which is a CRBN-DDB1-Cul4A complex.

S8037

Necrostatin-1

Necrostatin-1 is a specific RIP1 (RIPK1) inhibitor and inhibits TNF-α-induced necroptosis with EC50 of 490 nM in 293T cells.

S2465New

CPI-1189

CPI-1189 is the proapoptotic cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha inhibitor. CPI-1189 intracellularly inhibits the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphoactivation and shows neuroprotective effects.

S6511New

RIPA-56

RIPA-56 is a highly-potent, selective, and metabolically stable RIP1 (RIPK1) inhibitor.

S4902

QNZ (EVP4593)

QNZ (EVP4593) shows potent inhibitory activity toward both NF-κB activation and TNF-α production with IC50 of 11 nM and 7 nM in Jurkat T cells, respectively.

S8034

Apremilast (CC-10004)

Apremilast (CC-10004) is a potent and orally active PDE4 and TNF-α inhibitor with IC50 of 74 nM and 77 nM, respectively.

S1623

Acetylcysteine(N-acetylcysteine)

Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) is a ROS(reactive oxygen species) inhibitor that antagonizes the activity of proteasome inhibitors. It is also a tumor necrosis factor production inhibitor, used mainly as a mucolytic, protects against acetaminophen overdose-induced hepatotoxicity by maintaining or restoring hepatic concentrations of glutathione.Solutions of Acetylcysteine are best fresh-prepared.

S4238

Cepharanthine

Cepharanthine is a biscoclaurine alkaloid inhibiting tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-mediated NFκB stimulation, plasma membrane lipid peroxidation and platelet aggregation and suppressing cytokine production.

S8641

Nec-1s (7-Cl-O-Nec1)

Nec-1s is a stable variant of Necrostatin-1. It is a more specific RIPK1 inhibitor lacking the IDO-targeting effect, with >1000-fold more selective for RIPK1 than for any other kinase out of 485 human kinases.

S8787

GSK'547

GSK'547 is a highly selective and potent inhibitor of RIP1 (RIPK1) exhibiting a 400-fold improvement in mouse pharmacokinetic oral exposure compared with GSK'963

S8484

GSK2982772

GSK2982772 is an ATP competitive receptor-interacting protein-1 (RIP1) kinase (RIPK1) inhibitor with the IC50 value of 16 nM. It has exquisite kinase specificity and excellent activity in blocking many TNF-dependent cellular responses.

S8642

GSK'963

GSK'963 is a chiral small-molecule inhibitor of RIP1 kinase (RIPK1) with an IC50 of 29 nM in FP binding assays. It is >10 000-fold selective for RIP1 over 339 other kinases.

S3785

Notoginsenoside R1

Notoginsenoside R1 is the main ingredient with cardiovascular activity in Panax notoginseng. It inhibits TNF-α-induced PAI-1 overexpression via extracellular signal-related kinases (ERK1/2) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB) signaling pathways.

S5913

Cambinol

Cambinol is a novel uncompetitive nSMase2 inhibitor with a K i value of 7 μM (IC50 = 5 ± 1 μM).

S9396

Geraniin

Geraniin, a hydrolysable polyphenol derived from Nephelium lappaceum L. fruit rind, has been shown to possess significant antioxidant activity in vitro.The IC50 values of TNF-α release inhibition were 43 μM for geraniin.

S7609

GW4869

GW4869 is a neutral, noncompetitive inhibitor of sphingomyelinase (SMase) with an IC50 of 1 μM. It is selective for N-SMase, and does not inhibit acid SMase at up to at least 150 μM.

S9090

Corilagin

Corilagin, discovered in many medicinal plants such as Phyllanthus speices etc., has multiple activities including anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, hepatoprotective and others. It is an inhibitor of TNF-α.

S3138

Methylthiouracil

Methylthiouracil is an antithyroid preparation. Methylthiouracil is an antithyroid agent. Methylthiouracil suppresses the production TNF-α and IL-6, and the activation of NF-κB and ERK1/2.

S8169

GSK481

GSK481 is a RIP1(Receptor Interacting Protein Kinase1, RIPK1) inhibitor. Inhibition of RIP1 has been shown to hinder cell necrotic death.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S5584

Citronellol

Citronellol, a constituent of rose and geranium oils, is used in perfumes and insect repellents. Citronellol can cause necrotic apoptosis of NCI-H1299 cells by up-regulating TNF-α, RIP1 / RIP3 activities, and down-regulating caspase-3 / caspase-8 activities. Citronellol also results in a biphasic increase in ROS production at 1 h and at 12 h in NCI-H1299 cells.

S3865

Taurochenodeoxycholic acid

Taurochenodeoxycholic acid, a bile acid formed in the liver of most species, is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S6643New

R-7050

R-7050 is a cell permeable TNF-α receptor antagonist and is 2.3-fold more selective for TNF-α-mediated signaling than for that driven by IL-1β.

S5851

4'-Methoxychalcone

4'-Methoxychalcone, found in citrus, is chalcone derivative that has shown diverse pharmacological properties, including anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory activities. 4'-Methoxychalcone significantly enhanced adipocyte differentiation, in part, by its potent effects on PPARγ activation and by its reverse effect on TNF-α.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S7942

Bioymifi

Bioymifi, a small-molecule death receptor 5 (DR5) agonist, binds to the extracellular domain(ECD) of DR5 with a Kd of 1.2 μM but showed little binding affinity to the DR4 ECD. It induces DR5 clustering and aggregation, leading to apoptosis.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1537

DMXAA (Vadimezan)

DMXAA (Vadimezan) is a vascular disrupting agents (VDA) and competitive inhibitor of DT-diaphorase with Ki of 20 μM and IC50 of 62.5 μM in cell-free assays, respectively. DMXAA (Vadimezan) is also a STING agonist with potential antineoplastic activity. DMXAA (Vadimezan) potently induces IFN-β but relatively low TNF-α expression in vitro. Phase 3.