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Catalog No. Product Name Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
E0005New Enfuvirtide Acetate Enfuvirtide Acetate (T20 Acetate, DP178 Acetate) is an HIV fusion inhibitor with ic50s of 13.63  nM and 30.21  nM on infection by HIV-1IIIB in MT-2 cells and HIV-1Bal in M7 cells, respectively.
S0076 ABX464 ABX464 (SPL-464) is a novel anti-HIV molecule that inhibits HIV-1 replication in stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 5 different donors with IC50 ranging between 0.1 μM and 0.5 μM.
S1009 Dactolisib (BEZ235) Dactolisib (BEZ235, NVP-BEZ235) is a dual ATP-competitive PI3K and mTOR inhibitor for p110α/γ/δ/β and mTOR(p70S6K) with IC50 of 4 nM /5 nM /7 nM /75 nM /6 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Inhibits ATR with IC50 of 21 nM in 3T3TopBP1-ER cell. Dactolisib induces autophagy and suppresses HIV-1 replication. Phase 2.
Sci Rep, 2022, 12(1):241
Curr Res Pharmacol Drug Discov, 2022, 3:100076
Nat Commun, 2021, 12(1):7268
S1117 Triciribine (NSC 154020) Triciribine (NSC 154020, VD-0002, vqd-002, API-2, TCN) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor, also inhibits Akt in PC3 cell line and HIV-1 in CEM-SS, H9, H9IIIB, U1 cells with IC50 of 130 nM and 20 nM, respectively; does not inhibit PI3K/PDK1; 5000-fold less active in cells lacking adenosine kinase. Phase 1/2.
Immunity, 2022, 55(1):159-173.e9
Aging (Albany NY), 2021, 13(5):7096-7119
Int J Mol Sci, 2021, 22(14)7660
S1189 Aprepitant (MK-0869) Aprepitant (MK-0869, L-754030) is a potent and selective neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist with IC50 of 0.1 nM. Aprepitant reduces levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines including G-CSF, IL-6, IL-8 and TNFα. Aprepitant inhibits HIV infection of human macrophages.
Cancers (Basel), 2021, 13(15)3871
Phytomedicine, 2021, 95:153864
Nat Commun, 2020, 29;11(1):2673
S1208 Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, NSC 123127, DOX, Hydroxydaunorubicin) HCl is an antibiotic agent that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II and induces DNA damage, mitophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. Doxorubicin reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK. Doxorubicin is used in the concomitant treatment of HIV-infected patients but is found to be at high risk of HBV reactivation.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res, 2022, 41(1):11
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 2022, 435:115834
Oncol Rep, 2022, 47(1)18
S1209 Fluorouracil (5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU) Fluorouracil (5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU, NSC 19893) is a DNA/RNA synthesis inhibitor, which interrupts nucleotide synthetic by inhibiting thymidylate synthase (TS) in tumor cells. Fluorouracil induces apoptosis and can be used in the treatment of HIV.
Oncotarget, 2022, 13:92-104
Cell, 2021, 184(25):6119-6137.e26
Sci Adv, 2021, 7(36):eabh1684
S1230 Flavopiridol (L86-8275) Flavopiridol (L86-8275, Alvocidib, NSC 649890, HMR-1275) competes with ATP to inhibit CDKs including CDK1, CDK2, CDK4, CDK6, and CDK9 with IC50 values in the 20-100 nM range. It is more selective for CDK1, 2, 4, 6, 9 versus CDK7. Flavopiridol is initially found to inhibit EGFR and PKA. Flavopiridol induces autophagy and ER stress. Flavopiridol blocks HIV-1 replication. Phase 1/2.
Transl Oncol, 2022, 16:101323
Nature, 2021, 10.1038/s41586-021-03445-y
Genome Res, 2021, 31(6):981-994
S1351 Ivermectin (MK-933) Ivermectin (MK-933, IVM) is a glutamate-gated chloride channel (GluCls) activator, used as a broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug. Ivermectin (MK-933, IVM) is a specific positive allosteric effector of P2X4 and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Ivermectin has potent antiviral activity towards both HIV-1 and dengue virus. Ivermectin induces autophagy through the AKT/mTOR signaling pathway and mitophagy.
J Virol, 2021, JVI0148121
BMC Cancer, 2021, 21(1):1307
Nat Cell Biol, 2020,
S1400 Tenofovir (GS 1278) Disoproxil Fumarate Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (GS-1278, Tenofovir DF) belongs to a class of antiretroviral drugs, it inhibits the activity of HIV reverse transcriptase by competing with the natural substrate deoxyadenosine 5’-triphosphate and, after incorporation into DNA, by DNA chain termination.
J Virol, 2022, JVI0173021
J Virol, 2021, JVI.01777-20
Antiviral Res, 2021, 197:105211
S1704 Emtricitabine (BW 1592) Emtricitabine (BW1592, FTC) is a new nucleoside agent that has activity against both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus. It is a reverse transcriptase inhibitor. Intracellular half-life is 39 h.
J Virol, 2022, JVI0173021
J Virol, 2021, JVI.01777-20
ACS Infect Dis, 2020, 10.1021/acsinfecdis.0c00536
S1848 Curcumin Curcumin (Diferuloylmethane, Natural Yellow 3, Turmeric yellow) is the principal curcuminoid of the popular Indian spice turmeric, which is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It is an inhibitor of p300 histone acetylatransferase(IC50~25 μM)and Histone deacetylase (HDAC); activates Nrf2 pathway and supresses the activation of NF-κB. Curcumin induces mitophagy, autophagy, apoptosis, and cell cycle arrest with antitumor activity. Curcumin reduces renal damage associated with rhabdomyolysis by decreasing ferroptosis-mediated cell death. Curcumin exhibits anti-infective properties against various human pathogens like the influenza virus, hepatitis C virus, HIV and so on.
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2021, e2103360
Front Immunol, 2021, 12:656242
Aging (Albany NY), 2021, 13(10):13968-14000
S1896 Hydroxyurea (NSC-32065) Hydroxyurea (NSC-32065, NCI-C04831, Hydroxycarbamide) is an antineoplastic agent that inhibits DNA synthesis through the inhibition of ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase. Hydroxyurea activates apoptosis and autophagy. Hydroxyurea is used to treat HIV infection.
Nat Commun, 2021, 12(1):5572
Cancer Res, 2021, canres.3761.2020
Cell Death Dis, 2021, 12(2):183
S2003 Maraviroc (UK-427857) Maraviroc (UK-427857) is a CCR5 antagonist for MIP-1α, MIP-1β and RANTES with IC50 of 3.3 nM, 7.2 nM and 5.2 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Maraviroc is used in the treatment of HIV infection.
Biol Pharm Bull, 2022, 45(1):34-41
Cell Res, 2021, 10.1038/s41422-021-00528-3
Nat Commun, 2021, 12(1):4474
S2679 Flavopiridol (L86-8275) HCl Flavopiridol HCl (L86-8275, NSC 649890, Alvocidib, HMR-1275, DSP-2033) competes with ATP to inhibit CDKs including CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6 with IC50 of ~ 40 nM in cell-free assays. It is 7.5-fold more selective for CDK1/2/4/6 than CDK7. Flavopiridol is initially found to inhibit EGFR and PKA. Flavopiridol HCl induces autophagy and ER stress. Flavopiridol HCl blocks HIV-1 replication. Phase 1/2.
Nature, 2021, 10.1038/s41586-021-03445-y
Genome Res, 2021, 31(6):981-994
EMBO Rep, 2021, e52023
S3013 Plerixafor (AMD3100) 8HCl Plerixafor (AMD3100, JM 3100) 8HCl is the hydrochloride of Plerixafor, a chemokine receptor antagonist for CXCR4 and CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis with IC50 of 44 nM and 5.7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Plerixafor can be used as an anti-HIV agent.
Nat Cell Biol, 2021, 10.1038/s41556-021-00766-y
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2021, e2100584
Mol Cancer, 2021, 20(1):166
S3500New Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium (PPS, Elmiron) is an orally bioavailable, semi-synthetic medication with anti-inflammatory and pro-chondrogenic properties. Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium also exhibits anti-HIV-1 activity.
S4446New Dimercaprol Dimercaprol (Bal, 2,3-Dimercapto-1-propanol, Dithioglycerol) is an acrolein scavenger that inhibits HIV-1 tat activity, viral production, and infectivity in vitro.
S4861 Oxindole Oxindole (2-indolone, 2-Oxindole, Indolin-2-one) is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound which causes sedation, muscle weakness, hypotension, and coma when dosed in excess. Oxindole has anti-cancer, anti-HIV, anti-diabetic, antibacterial and other pharmacological activities.
S5144 Neferine Neferine ((R)-1,2-Dimethoxyaporphine), a natural component of Nelumbo nucifera, has antitumor efficiency. Neferine induces apoptosis in renal cancer cells. Neferine prevents autophagy through activation of Akt/mTOR pathway and Nrf2 in muscle cells. Neferine strongly inhibits NF-κB activation. Neferine possesses a number of therapeutic effects such as anti-diabetic, anti-aging, anti-microbial, anti-thrombotic, anti-arrhythmic, anti-inflammatory and even anti-HIV.
Oncol Rep, 2020, 44(3):1116-1126
S5959New Tenofovir Disoproxil Tenofovir Disoproxil (Bis(POC)-PMPA, GS 4331) is a prodrug of tenofovir, which is metabolised intracellularly to its active anabolite tenofovir diphosphate, a competitive inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and terminates the growing DNA chain.
J Virol, 2022, JVI0173021
Front Microbiol, 2018, 9:278
S5979New 2',3'-Dideoxyadenosine 2',3'-Dideoxyadenosine (ddA, ddAdo) is an anti-human immunodeficiency virus agent against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication.
S6676 Ebselen Ebselen (DR 3305, SPI-1005, PZ-51, CCG-39161) is a small-molecule capsid inhibitor of HIV-1 Replication with IC50 of 46.1 nM in TR-FRET assay.
Viruses, 2021, 13(2)173
Antiviral Res, 2020, 182:104924
S6848 3'-Fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (Alovudine) 3'-Fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (Alovudine, CL 184824, FddThd, FLT, MIV-310) is a potent inhibitor of polymerase γ and reverse transcriptase that can be used in the treatment of HIV infection. 3'-Fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (Alovudine) is also a marker of DNA synthesis that can be used as an early response biomarker in the chemotherapy of pancreatic cancer.
S7015 Birinapant (TL32711) Birinapant (TL32711) is a SMAC mimetic antagonist, mostly to cIAP1 with Kd of <1 nM in a cell-free assay, less potent to XIAP. Birinapant helps to induce apoptosis in latent HIV-1-infected cells. Phase 2.
Sci Adv, 2021, 7(28)eabf4408
Nat Commun, 2021, 12(1):2482
EMBO Mol Med, 2021, e13466
S7311 Q-VD-Oph Q-VD-Oph (Quinoline-Val-Asp-Difluorophenoxymethylketone) is a potent pan-caspase inhibitor with IC50 ranged from 25 to 400 nM for caspases 1,3,8, and 9. Q-VD-OPh can inhibits HIV infection.
Science, 2021, 371(6535)eabc5386
Sci Transl Med, 2021, 13(604)eabb1069
Dev Cell, 2021, 56(15):2207-2222.e7
S8030 Plerixafor (AMD3100) Plerixafor (AMD3100, JM 3100, SID791) is a chemokine receptor antagonist for CXCR4 and CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis with IC50 of 44 nM and 5.7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Plerixafor inhibits human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication.
Nat Cell Biol, 2021, 10.1038/s41556-021-00766-y
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2021, e2100584
Mol Cancer, 2021, 20(1):166
S8512 Cenicriviroc (TAK-652) Cenicriviroc (CVC, TAK-652, TBR-652) is a potent, orally active dual inhibitor of CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) and CCR5. Cenicriviroc also inhibits HIV-1 and HIV-2 with potent anti-inflammatory and antiinfective activity.
Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol, 2021, S2352-345X(21)00191-0
S9064 Trilobatin Trilobatin (P-Phlorizin), a natural flavonoid lipid molecule, is an HIV-1 entry inhibitor targeting the HIV-1 Gp41 envelope and exihibits anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effect.
E0005New Enfuvirtide Acetate Enfuvirtide Acetate (T20 Acetate, DP178 Acetate) is an HIV fusion inhibitor with ic50s of 13.63  nM and 30.21  nM on infection by HIV-1IIIB in MT-2 cells and HIV-1Bal in M7 cells, respectively.
S0076 ABX464 ABX464 (SPL-464) is a novel anti-HIV molecule that inhibits HIV-1 replication in stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 5 different donors with IC50 ranging between 0.1 μM and 0.5 μM.
S1009 Dactolisib (BEZ235) Dactolisib (BEZ235, NVP-BEZ235) is a dual ATP-competitive PI3K and mTOR inhibitor for p110α/γ/δ/β and mTOR(p70S6K) with IC50 of 4 nM /5 nM /7 nM /75 nM /6 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Inhibits ATR with IC50 of 21 nM in 3T3TopBP1-ER cell. Dactolisib induces autophagy and suppresses HIV-1 replication. Phase 2.
Sci Rep, 2022, 12(1):241
Curr Res Pharmacol Drug Discov, 2022, 3:100076
Nat Commun, 2021, 12(1):7268
S1117 Triciribine (NSC 154020) Triciribine (NSC 154020, VD-0002, vqd-002, API-2, TCN) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor, also inhibits Akt in PC3 cell line and HIV-1 in CEM-SS, H9, H9IIIB, U1 cells with IC50 of 130 nM and 20 nM, respectively; does not inhibit PI3K/PDK1; 5000-fold less active in cells lacking adenosine kinase. Phase 1/2.
Immunity, 2022, 55(1):159-173.e9
Aging (Albany NY), 2021, 13(5):7096-7119
Int J Mol Sci, 2021, 22(14)7660
S1189 Aprepitant (MK-0869) Aprepitant (MK-0869, L-754030) is a potent and selective neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist with IC50 of 0.1 nM. Aprepitant reduces levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines including G-CSF, IL-6, IL-8 and TNFα. Aprepitant inhibits HIV infection of human macrophages.
Cancers (Basel), 2021, 13(15)3871
Phytomedicine, 2021, 95:153864
Nat Commun, 2020, 29;11(1):2673
S1208 Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, NSC 123127, DOX, Hydroxydaunorubicin) HCl is an antibiotic agent that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II and induces DNA damage, mitophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. Doxorubicin reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK. Doxorubicin is used in the concomitant treatment of HIV-infected patients but is found to be at high risk of HBV reactivation.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res, 2022, 41(1):11
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 2022, 435:115834
Oncol Rep, 2022, 47(1)18
S1209 Fluorouracil (5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU) Fluorouracil (5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU, NSC 19893) is a DNA/RNA synthesis inhibitor, which interrupts nucleotide synthetic by inhibiting thymidylate synthase (TS) in tumor cells. Fluorouracil induces apoptosis and can be used in the treatment of HIV.
Oncotarget, 2022, 13:92-104
Cell, 2021, 184(25):6119-6137.e26
Sci Adv, 2021, 7(36):eabh1684
S1230 Flavopiridol (L86-8275) Flavopiridol (L86-8275, Alvocidib, NSC 649890, HMR-1275) competes with ATP to inhibit CDKs including CDK1, CDK2, CDK4, CDK6, and CDK9 with IC50 values in the 20-100 nM range. It is more selective for CDK1, 2, 4, 6, 9 versus CDK7. Flavopiridol is initially found to inhibit EGFR and PKA. Flavopiridol induces autophagy and ER stress. Flavopiridol blocks HIV-1 replication. Phase 1/2.
Transl Oncol, 2022, 16:101323
Nature, 2021, 10.1038/s41586-021-03445-y
Genome Res, 2021, 31(6):981-994
S1351 Ivermectin (MK-933) Ivermectin (MK-933, IVM) is a glutamate-gated chloride channel (GluCls) activator, used as a broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug. Ivermectin (MK-933, IVM) is a specific positive allosteric effector of P2X4 and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Ivermectin has potent antiviral activity towards both HIV-1 and dengue virus. Ivermectin induces autophagy through the AKT/mTOR signaling pathway and mitophagy.
J Virol, 2021, JVI0148121
BMC Cancer, 2021, 21(1):1307
Nat Cell Biol, 2020,
S1400 Tenofovir (GS 1278) Disoproxil Fumarate Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (GS-1278, Tenofovir DF) belongs to a class of antiretroviral drugs, it inhibits the activity of HIV reverse transcriptase by competing with the natural substrate deoxyadenosine 5’-triphosphate and, after incorporation into DNA, by DNA chain termination.
J Virol, 2022, JVI0173021
J Virol, 2021, JVI.01777-20
Antiviral Res, 2021, 197:105211
S1704 Emtricitabine (BW 1592) Emtricitabine (BW1592, FTC) is a new nucleoside agent that has activity against both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus. It is a reverse transcriptase inhibitor. Intracellular half-life is 39 h.
J Virol, 2022, JVI0173021
J Virol, 2021, JVI.01777-20
ACS Infect Dis, 2020, 10.1021/acsinfecdis.0c00536
S1848 Curcumin Curcumin (Diferuloylmethane, Natural Yellow 3, Turmeric yellow) is the principal curcuminoid of the popular Indian spice turmeric, which is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It is an inhibitor of p300 histone acetylatransferase(IC50~25 μM)and Histone deacetylase (HDAC); activates Nrf2 pathway and supresses the activation of NF-κB. Curcumin induces mitophagy, autophagy, apoptosis, and cell cycle arrest with antitumor activity. Curcumin reduces renal damage associated with rhabdomyolysis by decreasing ferroptosis-mediated cell death. Curcumin exhibits anti-infective properties against various human pathogens like the influenza virus, hepatitis C virus, HIV and so on.
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2021, e2103360
Front Immunol, 2021, 12:656242
Aging (Albany NY), 2021, 13(10):13968-14000
S1896 Hydroxyurea (NSC-32065) Hydroxyurea (NSC-32065, NCI-C04831, Hydroxycarbamide) is an antineoplastic agent that inhibits DNA synthesis through the inhibition of ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase. Hydroxyurea activates apoptosis and autophagy. Hydroxyurea is used to treat HIV infection.
Nat Commun, 2021, 12(1):5572
Cancer Res, 2021, canres.3761.2020
Cell Death Dis, 2021, 12(2):183
S2003 Maraviroc (UK-427857) Maraviroc (UK-427857) is a CCR5 antagonist for MIP-1α, MIP-1β and RANTES with IC50 of 3.3 nM, 7.2 nM and 5.2 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Maraviroc is used in the treatment of HIV infection.
Biol Pharm Bull, 2022, 45(1):34-41
Cell Res, 2021, 10.1038/s41422-021-00528-3
Nat Commun, 2021, 12(1):4474
S2679 Flavopiridol (L86-8275) HCl Flavopiridol HCl (L86-8275, NSC 649890, Alvocidib, HMR-1275, DSP-2033) competes with ATP to inhibit CDKs including CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6 with IC50 of ~ 40 nM in cell-free assays. It is 7.5-fold more selective for CDK1/2/4/6 than CDK7. Flavopiridol is initially found to inhibit EGFR and PKA. Flavopiridol HCl induces autophagy and ER stress. Flavopiridol HCl blocks HIV-1 replication. Phase 1/2.
Nature, 2021, 10.1038/s41586-021-03445-y
Genome Res, 2021, 31(6):981-994
EMBO Rep, 2021, e52023
S3013 Plerixafor (AMD3100) 8HCl Plerixafor (AMD3100, JM 3100) 8HCl is the hydrochloride of Plerixafor, a chemokine receptor antagonist for CXCR4 and CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis with IC50 of 44 nM and 5.7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Plerixafor can be used as an anti-HIV agent.
Nat Cell Biol, 2021, 10.1038/s41556-021-00766-y
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2021, e2100584
Mol Cancer, 2021, 20(1):166
S3500New Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium (PPS, Elmiron) is an orally bioavailable, semi-synthetic medication with anti-inflammatory and pro-chondrogenic properties. Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium also exhibits anti-HIV-1 activity.
S4446New Dimercaprol Dimercaprol (Bal, 2,3-Dimercapto-1-propanol, Dithioglycerol) is an acrolein scavenger that inhibits HIV-1 tat activity, viral production, and infectivity in vitro.
S4861 Oxindole Oxindole (2-indolone, 2-Oxindole, Indolin-2-one) is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound which causes sedation, muscle weakness, hypotension, and coma when dosed in excess. Oxindole has anti-cancer, anti-HIV, anti-diabetic, antibacterial and other pharmacological activities.
S5144 Neferine Neferine ((R)-1,2-Dimethoxyaporphine), a natural component of Nelumbo nucifera, has antitumor efficiency. Neferine induces apoptosis in renal cancer cells. Neferine prevents autophagy through activation of Akt/mTOR pathway and Nrf2 in muscle cells. Neferine strongly inhibits NF-κB activation. Neferine possesses a number of therapeutic effects such as anti-diabetic, anti-aging, anti-microbial, anti-thrombotic, anti-arrhythmic, anti-inflammatory and even anti-HIV.
Oncol Rep, 2020, 44(3):1116-1126
S5959New Tenofovir Disoproxil Tenofovir Disoproxil (Bis(POC)-PMPA, GS 4331) is a prodrug of tenofovir, which is metabolised intracellularly to its active anabolite tenofovir diphosphate, a competitive inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and terminates the growing DNA chain.
J Virol, 2022, JVI0173021
Front Microbiol, 2018, 9:278
S5979New 2',3'-Dideoxyadenosine 2',3'-Dideoxyadenosine (ddA, ddAdo) is an anti-human immunodeficiency virus agent against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication.
S6676 Ebselen Ebselen (DR 3305, SPI-1005, PZ-51, CCG-39161) is a small-molecule capsid inhibitor of HIV-1 Replication with IC50 of 46.1 nM in TR-FRET assay.
Viruses, 2021, 13(2)173
Antiviral Res, 2020, 182:104924
S6848 3'-Fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (Alovudine) 3'-Fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (Alovudine, CL 184824, FddThd, FLT, MIV-310) is a potent inhibitor of polymerase γ and reverse transcriptase that can be used in the treatment of HIV infection. 3'-Fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (Alovudine) is also a marker of DNA synthesis that can be used as an early response biomarker in the chemotherapy of pancreatic cancer.
S7015 Birinapant (TL32711) Birinapant (TL32711) is a SMAC mimetic antagonist, mostly to cIAP1 with Kd of <1 nM in a cell-free assay, less potent to XIAP. Birinapant helps to induce apoptosis in latent HIV-1-infected cells. Phase 2.
Sci Adv, 2021, 7(28)eabf4408
Nat Commun, 2021, 12(1):2482
EMBO Mol Med, 2021, e13466
S7311 Q-VD-Oph Q-VD-Oph (Quinoline-Val-Asp-Difluorophenoxymethylketone) is a potent pan-caspase inhibitor with IC50 ranged from 25 to 400 nM for caspases 1,3,8, and 9. Q-VD-OPh can inhibits HIV infection.
Science, 2021, 371(6535)eabc5386
Sci Transl Med, 2021, 13(604)eabb1069
Dev Cell, 2021, 56(15):2207-2222.e7
S8030 Plerixafor (AMD3100) Plerixafor (AMD3100, JM 3100, SID791) is a chemokine receptor antagonist for CXCR4 and CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis with IC50 of 44 nM and 5.7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Plerixafor inhibits human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication.
Nat Cell Biol, 2021, 10.1038/s41556-021-00766-y
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2021, e2100584
Mol Cancer, 2021, 20(1):166
S8512 Cenicriviroc (TAK-652) Cenicriviroc (CVC, TAK-652, TBR-652) is a potent, orally active dual inhibitor of CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) and CCR5. Cenicriviroc also inhibits HIV-1 and HIV-2 with potent anti-inflammatory and antiinfective activity.
Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol, 2021, S2352-345X(21)00191-0
S9064 Trilobatin Trilobatin (P-Phlorizin), a natural flavonoid lipid molecule, is an HIV-1 entry inhibitor targeting the HIV-1 Gp41 envelope and exihibits anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effect.
E0005New Enfuvirtide Acetate Enfuvirtide Acetate (T20 Acetate, DP178 Acetate) is an HIV fusion inhibitor with ic50s of 13.63  nM and 30.21  nM on infection by HIV-1IIIB in MT-2 cells and HIV-1Bal in M7 cells, respectively.
S3500New Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium (PPS, Elmiron) is an orally bioavailable, semi-synthetic medication with anti-inflammatory and pro-chondrogenic properties. Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium also exhibits anti-HIV-1 activity.
S4446New Dimercaprol Dimercaprol (Bal, 2,3-Dimercapto-1-propanol, Dithioglycerol) is an acrolein scavenger that inhibits HIV-1 tat activity, viral production, and infectivity in vitro.
S5959New Tenofovir Disoproxil Tenofovir Disoproxil (Bis(POC)-PMPA, GS 4331) is a prodrug of tenofovir, which is metabolised intracellularly to its active anabolite tenofovir diphosphate, a competitive inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and terminates the growing DNA chain.
J Virol, 2022, JVI0173021
Front Microbiol, 2018, 9:278
S5979New 2',3'-Dideoxyadenosine 2',3'-Dideoxyadenosine (ddA, ddAdo) is an anti-human immunodeficiency virus agent against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication.