Moclobemide (Ro 111163)

Catalog No.S3212

For research use only.

Moclobemide is a MAO-A (5-HT) inhibitor with IC50 of 6.1 μM.

Moclobemide (Ro 111163) Chemical Structure

CAS No. 71320-77-9

Selleck's Moclobemide (Ro 111163) has been cited by 3 Publications

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Biological Activity

Description Moclobemide is a MAO-A (5-HT) inhibitor with IC50 of 6.1 μM.
Targets
MAO-A (5-HT) [1]
6.1 μM
In vitro

Moclobemide orally administered 2 hours before decapitation preferentially inhibits MAO-A and PEA in rat brain with ED50 of 7.6 μmol/kg and 78 μmol/kg, respectively. Moclobemide orally administered 2 hours before decapitation preferentially inhibits MAO-A and PEA in rat liver with ED50 of 8.4 μmol/kg and 6.6 μmol/kg, respectively. Moclobemide (0.1 mM), which inhibits brain MAO-A activity by over 80%, does not affect benzylamine oxidase (rat heart) and diamine oxidase (rat small intestine) activity in vitro. [1] Moclobemide (10 mM-100 mM) includes in the culture medium during anoxia or with glutamate significantly increases in a concentration-dependent manner the amount of surviving neurons compared to controls in neuronal-astroglial cultures from rat cerebral cortex. [2]

In vivo Moclobemide (10 mg/kg p.o.) induces a significant decrease of all monoamine metabolites measured in rat brain. [1] Moclobemide, given via the drinking water (4.5 mg/kg/day), produces significant decreases in adrenal weight of rats after 5 (-23%) and 7 weeks (-16%) of treatment. Moclobemide upregulates hippocampal mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) levels in rats by 65%, 76% and 19% at 2 weeks, 5 weeks and 7 weeks of treatment, and upregulates Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) levels in this limbic brain structure by 10% at 5 weeks. Moclobemide treatment (5 weeks, 4.5 mg/kg/day) significantly attenuates stress (30 min novel environment)-induced plasma ACTH (-35%) and corticosterone (-29%) levels. [3] Moclobemide (2.5 mg/kg/day) decreases immobility and increases climbing behavior following treatment for 3 days, but increases in both swimming and climbing behaviors are measured following treatment for 14 days. Moclobemide (15 mg/kg/day) decreased immobility and increased swimming for 3 days, whereas treatment for 14 days significantly increases both active behavior (swimming and climbing). [4] Moclobemide (100 mg/kg/day) combined with triethyltin blocks the development of brain edema and the increase in the cerebral chloride content induced by triethyltin in rats. Moclobemide (100 mg/kg/day) reduces the increase in the cerebral sodium content and attenuates the neurological deficit in rats. [5]

Protocol (from reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 268.74
Formula

C13H17ClN2O2

CAS No. 71320-77-9
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles C1COCCN1CCNC(=O)C2=CC=C(C=C2)Cl

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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