ENMD-2076 L-(+)-Tartaric acid

Catalog No.S2018

For research use only.

ENMD-2076 L-(+)-Tartaric acid is the tartaric acid of ENMD-2076, selective activity against Aurora A and Flt3 with IC50 of 14 nM and 1.86 nM, 25-fold more selective for Aurora A than Aurora B and less potent to VEGFR2/KDR and VEGFR3, FGFR1 and FGFR2 and PDGFRα. Phase 2.

ENMD-2076 L-(+)-Tartaric acid  Chemical Structure

CAS No. 1291074-87-7

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description ENMD-2076 L-(+)-Tartaric acid is the tartaric acid of ENMD-2076, selective activity against Aurora A and Flt3 with IC50 of 14 nM and 1.86 nM, 25-fold more selective for Aurora A than Aurora B and less potent to VEGFR2/KDR and VEGFR3, FGFR1 and FGFR2 and PDGFRα. Phase 2.
Features Multi-functional molecule: multi-target, anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic activity, and anti-angiogenic activity.
FLT3 [1] RET [1] Aurora A [2] VEGFR3/FLT4 [1] Src [1] Click to View More Targets
1.86 nM 10.4 nM 14 nM 15.9 nM 20.2 nM
In vitro

ENMD-2076 indicates activity against multiple kinases involved in angiogenesis, including FLT3, RET, FLT4/VEGFR3, SRC, NTRK1, CSF1R/FMS, LCK, VEGFR2/KDR, FGFR1/2, and PDGFRα with IC50 from 1.86-120 nM. ENMD-2076 inhibits the growth of a wide range of human solid tumor and hematopoietic cancer cell lines with IC50 from 0.025-0.7 μM, which induces apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest. ENMD-2076 induces regression or complete inhibition of tumor growth in tumor xenograft models derived from breast, colon, melanoma, leukemia, and multiple myeloma cell lines. [1] ENMD-2076 is the L (+) tartrate salt of ENMD-981693. ENMD-2076 shows significant cytotoxicity against myeloma cell lines (IM9, ARH-77, U266, RPMI 8226, MM.1S, MM.1R, NCI-H929) and primary cells with IC50 from 2.99 to 7.06 μM, which induces apoptosis. ENMD-2076 indicates low cytotoxicity to haematopoietic progenitors. ENMD-2076 inhibits the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway and downregulates survivin and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis. ENMD-2076 also inhibits aurora A and B kinases, and induces G2/M cell cycle arrest. [2]

In vivo ENMD-2076 has sustained inhibitory effects on the activation of Flt3 as well as VEGFR2/KDR and FGFR1/2 in HT29 xenograft model. ENMD-2076 could prevent the formation of new blood vessels and regress formed vessels in MDA-MB-231 xenograft model. [1] Oral treatment with ENMD-2076 (50, 100, 200 mg/kg per day) inhibits the tumour growth in H929 human plasmacytoma xenografts, with significant reduction in phospho-Histone 3 (pH3), Ki-67, and angiogenesis, and also a significant increase in cleaved caspase-3. [2]

Protocol (from reference)

Kinase Assay:[1]
  • Kinase assays:

    Recombinant Aurora A and B kinase enzymes and appropriate PanVera Z'-Lyte kinase assay kits are purchased. Assays are carried out in kinase assay buffer (50 mM of HEPES, pH 7.5, 10 mM of MgCl2, 5 mM of EGTA, 0.05% Brij-35) supplemented with 2 mM of DTT. Activities are determined at an ATP concentration equivalent to the apparent Km for each enzyme, and an enzyme concentration that results in approximately 30% phosphorylation of the peptide substrate after 1 hour. Dose–response curves of relative enzyme activity versus ENMD-2076 concentration are plotted with Grafit and used to calculate IC50 values. Potency of ENMD-2076 free base against a select panel of 100 kinase enzymes is determined using the SelectScreen kinase profiling service. ATP concentrations are at the apparent Km for each enzyme or 100 μM if the apparent Km could not be reached. Percent inhibition is determined at an ENMD-2076 free base concentration of 1 μM; for kinases where significant inhibition is noted, IC50 values are determined by generating full 10-point dose–response curves.

Cell Research:[1]
  • Cell lines: Human leukemia cell lines including MV4;11, U937, Kasumi, MO7e, HL-60, TF-1, Jurkat, K562, THP-1, Hel 92.1.7; Solid tumor cell lines and HUVEC including PANC-1, HCT116, A549, HT-29, MCF7, PC-3, BXPC-3 and HUVEC
  • Concentrations: ~125 μM
  • Incubation Time: 48 or 96 hours
  • Method: The antiproliferative effect of ENMD-2076 on adherent tumor cell lines is measured by plating 500 cells per well in a 96-well plate and incubating with ENMD-2076 for 96 hours. Cellular proliferation is measured using the sulforhodamine B assay. The leukemia-derived, nonadherent cell lines are assayed by plating 5 × 103 cells per well in a 96-well plate. The cells are incubated with ENMD-2076 for 48 hours and then survival is assayed using the Alamar Blue reagent. To measure the effect of ENMD-2076 on VEGF- and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-induced proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC), cells are serum starved for 6 hours, then treated with ENMD-2076 free base, and stimulated with 5 ng/mL bFGF or 25 ng/mL VEGF (R and D Systems) for 72 hours. Cell proliferation is measured using WST-
  • (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[1]
  • Animal Models: Tumor models including HCT-116, HT29, CT-26, A375, MDA-MB-231, H929, OPM-2, MV4;11 and HL60 are established in CB.17 SCID or NCr nude mice.
  • Dosages: ~300 mg/kg
  • Administration: Administered orally
  • (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 100 mg/mL warmed
(190.27 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

30 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 525.56


CAS No. 1291074-87-7
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CC1=CC(=NN1)NC2=CC(=NC(=N2)C=CC3=CC=CC=C3)N4CCN(CC4)C.C(C(C(=O)O)O)(C(=O)O)O

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)

mg/kg g μL

Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)

% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O

Calculation results:

Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Interventions Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT00904787 Completed Drug: ENMD-2076 Relapsed or Refractory Hematological Malignancies CASI Pharmaceuticals Inc. April 2009 Phase 1
NCT00806065 Completed Drug: ENMD-2076 Multiple Myeloma CASI Pharmaceuticals Inc. December 2008 Phase 1
NCT00658671 Completed Drug: ENMD-2076 Advanced Cancer CASI Pharmaceuticals Inc. April 2008 Phase 1

(data from https://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2021-09-06)

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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