Catalog No.S4642 Synonyms: GSK-1349572A
Molecular Weight(MW): 441.36
Dolutegravir sodium is a HIV integrase inhibitor with IC50 of 2.7 nM.
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Comparison of the activity of dolutegravir (DTG), raltegravir (RAL), and elvitegravir (EVG) against wild-type HIV-2ROD9. Values for RAL and EVG include data from two previously-published studies of HIV-2 from our group [14,15] plus additional determinations; all data were obtained using the single-cycle assay. Bars indicate mean 50% effective concentrations (EC50); the number of independent determinations (n) for each strain is shown below the x-axis. P values were obtained via analysis of variance (ANOVA) of log10-transformed EC50 values with Tukey’s post test (Prism v6.0). No cytotoxic effects were observed in dolutegravir-treated MAGIC-5A cultures at concentrations as high as 10,000 nM.
Retrovirology, 2015, 12:10. Dolutegravir Sodium purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Dolutegravir sodium is a HIV integrase inhibitor with IC50 of 2.7 nM.|
Dolutegravir(S/GSK1349572) inhibits HIV-1 integrase-catalyzed strand transfer with a 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 2.7 nM. S/GSK1349572 inhibits both the HIV integration reaction strand transfer step in vitro and HIV replication in cells with similar potencies. The inhibitor has no effect on total viral DNA synthesis in infected cells but blocks the integration of viral DNA into host DNA with the same potency as its antiviral effect.
|In vivo||The bioavailability of dolutegravir was high when administered as a solution, but was limited by dissolution rate or solubility when administered as a suspension. Dolutegravir is the major circulating component in mice, rats, and monkeys, with direct ether glucuronidation shown to be the primary biotransformation pathway. Dolutegravir is primarily eliminated via the feces either unabsorbed or by hydrolysis of the glucuronide or glucose conjugate.|
|In vitro||DMSO||0.2 mg/mL (0.45 mM)|
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