MK-2048

Catalog No.S2765

MK-2048 Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 461.87

MK-2048 is a potent inhibitor of integrase (IN) and INR263K with IC50 of 2.6 nM and 1.5 nM, respectively.

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Biological Activity

Description MK-2048 is a potent inhibitor of integrase (IN) and INR263K with IC50 of 2.6 nM and 1.5 nM, respectively.
Targets
Integrase (R263K) [1] Integrase [1]
1.5 nM 2.6 nM
In vitro

MK-2048 inhibits subtype B and subtype C integrase activities with IC50 of 75 nM and 80 nM, respectively. Disintegration is prevented by high concentrations of MK-2048 to a comparable extent with both subtype B and C enzymes. Mutation at the site of R263K slightly increases integrase susceptibility to MK-2048. G118R translates into a decrease in integrase activity and confers resistance to MK-2048. [2] MK-2048 inhibits S217H intasome with an IC50 of 900 nM. By contrast, MK2048 remains fully active against the N224H intasome with an IC50 of 25 nM. MK2048 displays substantially lower dissociation rates compared with raltegravir, another integrase inhibitor. [3] The subsequent selection of E138K partially restores replication capacity to approximately 13% of wt levels and increased resistance to MK-2048 to approximately 8-fold. MK-2048 is active against viruses resistant to RAL and EVG. Exposure to MK-2048 leads to the selection of G118R as a possible novel resistance mutation after 19 weeks. Continued pressure with MK-2048 subsequently leads to an additional substitution after 29 weeks at position E138K, within the IN gene. Although the G118R mutation alone confers only slight resistance to MK-2048 but not to RAL or EVG, its presence arouses a dramatic reduction in viral replication capacity compared to wild-type NL4-3. E138K both partially restores viral replication capacity and also contributes to increased levels of resistance against MK-2048. [4]

Protocol

Cell Research:[4]
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  • Cell lines: PM1 cells
  • Concentrations: 0.0256 nM to 2 μM
  • Incubation Time: 72 hours
  • Method: A total of 7.5×104 PM1 cells per well are infected with clonal NL4-3 virus containing the integrase mutations G118R, E138K, or G118R and E138K or with wild-type viruses (45 ng p24 virus per well) by spinoculation at 1,200 × g for 2 hours at 37 °C. Cells are washed twice to remove unbound virus and then resuspends in RPMI growth medium alone or containing various concentrations of MK-2048, ranging between 0.0256 nM and 2 μM. Experiments is performed, each in duplicate. Supernatant reverse transcriptase (RT) activity is measured at 72 hours postinfection as an indicator of virus replication. Data are normalized based on uninfected and no-drug controls included in each experiment. Viral replication capacity is determined in PM1 cells using the same methodology as that used to determine EC50s, by comparing levels of supernatant RT activity of each mutant virus to those of wild-type virus in the absence of MK-2048.
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 9 mg/mL (19.48 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 461.87
Formula

C21H21ClFN5O4

CAS No. 869901-69-9
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT02419456 Completed HIV Infections National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) June 2015 Phase 1
NCT02419456 Completed HIV Infections National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) June 2015 Phase 1
NCT02356302 Completed HIV Infections National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) May 2015 Phase 1
NCT02356302 Completed HIV Infections National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) May 2015 Phase 1

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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Integrase Signaling Pathway Map

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID