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CAS No. 6055-19-2
Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate is a nitrogen mustard alkylating agent, it attaches the alkyl group to the guanine base of DNA, shown to crosslink DNA, causing strand breakage and inducing mutations.
Selleck's Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate has been cited by 19 publications
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|Description||Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate is a nitrogen mustard alkylating agent, it attaches the alkyl group to the guanine base of DNA, shown to crosslink DNA, causing strand breakage and inducing mutations.|
Cyclophosphamide (CY) is a chemotherapeutic agent with a dose-dependent, bimodal effect on the immune system. Cyclophosphamide treatment enhances apoptosis and decreases homeostatic proliferation of regulatory T cells. Cyclophosphamide downregulates the expression of GITR and FoxP3, which are involved in the suppressive activity of T(REGs). Cyclophosphamide increases CYP3A4, CYP2C8, and CYP2C9 protein levels in primary human hepatocyte cultures, which thereby enhances their own rates of 4-hydroxylation in the cultured hepatocytes.  Cyclophosphamide has produced mutations in base-pair substituting strains of Salmonella tryphimurium in the presence of metabolic activation, but it has been shown to be negative in the E. coli chromotest. Cyclophosphamide has been shown to produce gene mutations, chromosome aberrations, micronuclei and sister chromatid exchanges in a variety of cultured cells in the presence of metabolic activation as well as sister chromatid exchanges without metabolic activation. 
|In vivo||Cyclophosphamide has also produced chromosome damage and micronuclei in rats, mice and Chinese hamsters, and gene mutations in the mouse spot test and in the transgenic lacZ construct of Muta Mouse.  Cyclophosphamide, when given in a defined sequence with a GM-CSF-secreting, neu-expressing whole-cell vaccine, enhances the vaccine's potential to delay tumor growth in neu transgenic mice. Cyclophosphamide mediates its effects by enhancing the efficacy of the vaccine rather than via a direct cytolytic effect on cancer cells. |
|In vitro||DMSO||55 mg/mL (197.06 mM)|
|Water||7 mg/mL (25.08 mM)|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04656951||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Daratumumab||Multiple Myeloma||University of Cologne|Janssen-Cilag G.m.b.H||January 2021||Phase 2|
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Frequently Asked Questions
Why S2057 Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate shows no activity in vitro assays?
Cyclophoshamide is a prodrug and needs Pytochrome P450 to convert it to the active form: 4-hydroxy cyclophosphamide. It is widely used in vivo, if you are going to use it in vitro, you'll have to supplement Pytochrome P450 exogenously.