CHIR-124

Catalog No.S2683

For research use only.

CHIR-124 is a novel and potent Chk1 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.3 nM in a cell-free assay. It shows 2,000-fold selectivity against Chk2, 500- to 5,000-fold less activity against CDK2/4 and Cdc2.

CHIR-124 Chemical Structure

CAS No. 405168-58-3

Selleck's CHIR-124 has been cited by 32 publications

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description CHIR-124 is a novel and potent Chk1 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.3 nM in a cell-free assay. It shows 2,000-fold selectivity against Chk2, 500- to 5,000-fold less activity against CDK2/4 and Cdc2.
Targets
Chk1 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
FLT3 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PDGFR [1]
(Cell-free assay)
GSK-3 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
0.3 nM 5.8 nM 6.6 nM 23.3 nM
In vitro

CHIR-124 is a quinolone-based small molecule that is structurally unrelated to other known inhibitors of Chk1. CHIR-124 interacts synergistically with topoisomerase poisons (e.g., Camptothecin or SN-38) in causing growth inhibition in a variety of cancer cell lines, including breast carcinoma (MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435) and colon carcinoma (SW-620 and Colo205), all of which contains the mutant p53 gene. CHIR-124 abrogates the SN-38-induced S and G2-M checkpoints and potentiates apoptosis in MDA-MD-435 breast cancer cells. The abrogation of the G2-Mcheckpoint and induction of apoptosis by CHIR-124 are enhanced by the loss of p53. [1] CHIR-124 also potently targets other kinases such as PDGFR and Flt3 with IC50 of 6.6 nM and 5.8 nM, respectively. [2]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
human MDA-MB-435 cells NHq1NINEgXSxdH;4bYPDqGG|c3H5 MX\DfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[WejaX7zeEBpfW2jbjDNSGEuVUJvNEO1JINmdGy|LDDFR|UxRTBwMEig{txO NYDXR|hMOTZ4MEOzOVQ>
human MDA-MB-435 cells MYLDfZRwfG:6aXRCpIF{e2G7 M3jmVmN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjZ3HpcpN1KGi3bXHuJG1FSS2PQj20N|Uh[2WubIOgbY4heHKnc3XuZ4Uhd2ZiY3HtdJRwfGinY3nu NE\kcVIyPjZyM{O1OC=>
In vivo CHIR-124 potentiates the growth inhibitory effects of Irinotecan by abrogating the G2-M checkpoint and increasing tumor apoptosis in an orthotopic breast cancer xenograft model.

Protocol (from reference)

Kinase Assay:[1]
  • Chk1 Assay:

    For the Chk1 assay, the kinase domain is expressed in Sf9 insect cells, and a biotinylated cdc25c peptide containing the consensus Chk1/Chk2 phosphorylation site (*)(biotin-[AHX]SGSGS*GLYRSPSMP-ENLNRPR[CONH2]) is used as the substrate. A dilution series of CHIR-124 is mixed with a kinase reaction buffer containing a final concentration of 30 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 2 mM DTT, 4 mM EDTA, 25 mMβ-glycerophosphate, 5 mM MnCl2, 0.01% bovine serum albumin, 1.35 nM CHK1 kinase domain, 0.5 μM peptide substrate, and 1 AM unlabeled ATP, plus 5 nM 33Pγ-labeled ATP (specific activity = 2,000 Ci/mmol). Reactions and detection of the phosphate transfer are carried out by a radioactive method. Reactions are incubated at room temperature for 1 to 4 hours and the phosphorylated peptide captured on streptavidin-coated microtiter plates containing stop reaction buffer (25 mM EDTA [ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid], 50 mMHEPES, pH 7.5). Phosphorylated peptide is measured with the DELFIA TRF system using a Europium-labeled anti-phosphotyrosine antibody PT66. The concentration of CHIR-124 for IC50 is calculated using nonlinear regression with XL-Fit data analysis software.

Cell Research:[1]
  • Cell lines: MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-435, SW-620, and COLO 205 cells
  • Concentrations: 0-2350 nM, dependent on cell types
  • Incubation Time: 48 hours
  • Method: MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-435, SW-620, and COLO 205 cells in log-phase are plated into 96-well microplates. CHIR-124 is serially diluted in the presence of six different concentrations of Camptothecin or 0 nM camptothecin. Camptothecin is also serially diluted in the absence of CHIR-124. CHIR-124 is added to cells in 96-well dishes and incubated at 37 °C for 48 hours. Each treatment condition is done in triplicate. Cell proliferation is monitored by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5- (3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS), inner salt assay. MTS inner salt is added to the microplates, which are incubated for another 3 hours, and absorbance at 490 nm is read on a plate reader. The concentrations of each drug in the combinations required to produce 50% inhibition are plotted to generate the isoboles. Isobologram analysis of drug interaction is based the equation of Loewe additivity (1= D A /IC50, A + DB/IC50, B), where IC50, A and IC50, B are the concentrations of drugs to result in 50% inhibition for each drug alone, and DA and DB are concentrations of each drug in the combination that yield 50% overall inhibition. A diagonal line indicating Loewe additivity is included in each graph. Data points that fall below the line indicate synergy, whereas those that fall above the line will indicate antagonism
  • (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[1]
  • Animal Models: MDA-MB-435 cells are implanted in the mammary fat pad of 8- to 10-week-old female immunodeficient mice.
  • Dosages: 10 mg/kg or 20 mg/kg
  • Administration: CHIR-124 is given orally four times daily × 6 on days 2 to 7 in captisol.
  • (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 7 mg/mL
(16.67 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

30 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 419.91
Formula

C23H22ClN5O

CAS No. 405168-58-3
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles C1CN2CCC1C(C2)NC3=C(C(=O)NC4=C3C=C(C=C4)Cl)C5=NC6=CC=CC=C6N5

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

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Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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