Molecular Weight(MW): 418.36
Azelastine HCl is a potent, second-generation, selective, histamine receptor antagonist, used in the treatment of rhinitis.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Histamine Receptor Inhibitors
|Description||Azelastine HCl is a potent, second-generation, selective, histamine receptor antagonist, used in the treatment of rhinitis.|
Azelastine inhibits Ag- and ionomycin-induced TNF-alpha release with IC50 values of 25.7 mM and 1.66 mM, respectively, in a rat mast RBL-2H3 cell line. Azelastine also inhibits TNF-alpha mRNA expression, TNF-alpha protein synthesis and release, and, possibly related to these effects, Ca2+ influx, in Ag-stimulated cells. Azelastine inhibits TNF-alpha release to a greater extent than mRNA expression/protein synthesis and Ca2+ influx in ionomycin-stimulated cells, suggesting that Azelastine inhibits the release process more potently than transcription or production of TNF-alpha by interfering with a signal other than Ca2+. Azelastine added 1 hour after ionomycin stimulation also immediately blocks subsequent release of TNF-alpha, which has been produced in the cells, without affecting Ca2+ influx. Azelastine inhibits ionomycin-induced, but not Ag-induced, protein kinase C translocation to the membranes.  Azelastine hydrochloride (Azeptin) dose-dependently suppresses both DNA and protein synthesis in human gingival fibroblasts (HF) and also suppresses blastogenesis of human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). Azelastine hydrochloride (Azeptin) suppresses both inducible nitric oxide synthase-mRNA level and NO generation in mouse peritoneal macrophages.  Azelastine inhibits secretion of IL-6, TNF-alpha and IL-8 as well as NF-kappaB activation and intracellular calcium ion levels in normal human mast cells. 
|In vitro||Ethanol||42 mg/mL (100.39 mM)|
|Water||35 mg/mL (83.66 mM)|
|DMSO||28 mg/mL (66.92 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02953106||Recruiting||Asthma Allergic|RhinitisAllergic|Allergy||University of Dundee||December 2016||Phase 4|
|NCT02238353||Unknown status||Allergic Rhinitis|House Dust Mite Allergy||Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven||October 2014||Phase 4|
|NCT02249663||Unknown status||Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis||Teva Pharmaceuticals USA||August 2014||Phase 3|
|NCT02279563||Unknown status||Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis||Apotex Inc.||December 2013||Phase 2|
|NCT01470053||Completed||Perennial Allergic Rhinitis||Hanlim Pharm. Co. Ltd.||March 2011||Phase 3|
|NCT01190852||Completed||Allergic Rhinitis||MEDA Pharma GmbH & Co. KG|ClinResearch GmbH|Prolytic GmbH||August 2010||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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