For research use only.
Catalog No.S2754 Synonyms: ARRY-334543, Debio1143
Molecular Weight(MW): 561.71
AT406 (SM-406) is a potent Smac mimetic and an antagonist of IAP (inhibitor of apoptosis protein via E3 ubiquitin ligase), binding to XIAP-BIR3, cIAP1-BIR3 and cIAP2-BIR3 with Ki of 66.4 nM, 1.9 nM, and 5.1 nM, 50- to 100-fold higher affinities than the Smac AVPI peptide. Phase 1.
Selleck's AT406 (SM-406) has been cited by 19 publications
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|Description||AT406 (SM-406) is a potent Smac mimetic and an antagonist of IAP (inhibitor of apoptosis protein via E3 ubiquitin ligase), binding to XIAP-BIR3, cIAP1-BIR3 and cIAP2-BIR3 with Ki of 66.4 nM, 1.9 nM, and 5.1 nM, 50- to 100-fold higher affinities than the Smac AVPI peptide. Phase 1.|
AT-406 is a Smac mimetic and appears to mimic closely the AVPI peptide in both hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions with XIAP, with additional hydrophobic contacts with W323 of XIAP. AT-406 is more sensitive to these IAPs than Smac AVPI peptide with 50-100 fold binding affinities. AT-406 (at 1 μM) completely restores the activity of caspase-9, which is suppressed by 500 nM XIAP BIR3 in a cell-free system. In MDA-MB-231 cell, AT-406 induces rapid cellular cIAP1 degradation and also pulls down the cellular XIAP protein. AT-406 effectively inhibits lots of human cancer cell lines and shows IC50 of 144 and 142 nM in MDA-MB-231 cell and SK-OV-3 ovarian cell, with low toxicity against normal-like human breast epithelial MCF-12F cells and primary human normal prostate epithelial cells. AT-406 induces apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cell by inducing activation of caspase-3 and cleavage of PARP. 
|In vivo||AT-406 has good pharmacokinetic (PK) properties and oral bioavailability in mice, rats, non-human primates, and dogs. In the MDA-MB-231 xenograft, AT-406 effectively induces cIAP1 degradation and processing of procaspase-8, cleavage of PARP in tumor tissues at 100 mg/kg with well toleration even at 200 mg/kg. AT-406 induces significant tumor growth inhibition with p of 0.0012 at 100 mg/kg. |
Fluorescence Polarization Based Assays for XIAP, cIAP1, and cIAP2 BIR3 Proteins:FL-AT-406 (the fluorescently tagged AT-406) is employed to develop a set of new FP assays for determination of the binding affinities of Smac mimetics to XIAP, cIAP-1, and cIAP-2 BIR3 proteins. The Kd value of FL-AT-406 to each IAP protein is determined by titration experiments using a fixed concentration of FL-AT-406 and different concentrations of the protein up to full saturation. Fluorescence polarization values are measured using an Infinite M-1000 plate reader in Microfluor 2 96-well, black, round-bottom plates. To each well, FL-AT-406 (2, 1, and 1 nM for experiments with XIAP BIR3, cIAP-1 BIR3, and cIAP-2 BIR3, respectively) and different concentrations of the protein are added to a final volume of 125 μL in the assay buffer (100 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.5, 100 μg/mL bovine γ-globulin, 0.02% sodium azide, with 4% DMSO). Plates are mixed and incubated at room temperature for 2-3 hours with gentle shaking. The polarization values in millipolarization units (mP) are measured at an excitation wavelength of 485 nm and an emission wavelength of 530 nm. Equilibrium dissociation constants (Kd) are then calculated by fitting the sigmoidal dose-dependent FP increases as a function of protein concentrations using Graphpad Prism 5.0 software. In competitive binding experiments for XIAP3 BIR3, AT-406 is incubated with 20 nM XIAP BIR3 protein and 2 nM FL-AT-406 in the assay buffer (100 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.5; 100 μg/mL bovine γ-globulin; 0.02% sodium azide). In competitive binding experiments for cIAP1 BIR3 protein, 3 nM protein and 1 nM FL-AT-406 are used. In competitive binding experiments for cIAP2 BIR3, 5 nM protein and 1 nM FL-AT-406 are used. For each competitive binding experiment, polarization values are measured after 2-3 hours of incubation using an Infinite M-1000 plate reader. The IC50 value, the inhibitor concentration at which 50% of the bound tracer is displaced, is determined from the plot using nonlinear least-squares analysis. Curve fitting is performed using the PRISM software. A Ki value for AT-406 is calculated.
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (178.02 mM)|
|Ethanol||100 mg/mL (178.02 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
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