Molecular Weight(MW): 477.43
Apalutamide (ARN-509) is a selective and competitive androgen receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 16 nM in a cell-free assay, useful for prostate cancer treatment. Phase 3.
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ONC1-0013B inhibits AR activity in vitro. A. ONC1-0013B structure. B. LnCAP cells cultured (10% CSS) for 3 days, then treated with tested compounds in presence of 1nM DHT for 1 day. PSA expression plotted as percentage of vehicle control (DMSO; n=2, mean±SEM). Ki values: 20.0±5.5nM (ONC1-13B), 30.8±7.7nM (MDV3100), 38.4nM (ARN-509). Mean±SEM from 5 replicate experiments (except ARN-509). C. LnCAP cells cultured (10% CSS) for 3 days, then treated with tested compounds in presence of 1nM DHT for 5 days. Viable cells plotted as percentage of vehicle control (DMSO; n=2, mean±SEM). IC50 values: 30nM (ONC1-13B), 148nM (MDV3100), 240nM (ARN-509). D. Competitive-binding assay vs AR ligand Fluormone™ (PolarScreen™ Androgen Receptor Competitor Assay). IC50 values: 19nM (DHT), 7.9uM (ONC1-13B), 16.3uM (MDV3100).
J Cancer, 2014, 5(2):133-42.. Apalutamide (ARN-509) purchased from Selleck.
Steroid-deprived ZR-75-1 cells were treated with ethanol (vehicle) or 1 nmol/L of 17β-estradiol (E2) for 2 hours, followed by treatment with RAD140 at 100 nmol/L in the presence or absence of ARN-509 (10 μmol/L) for overnight. Whole-cell lysates and nuclear fractions were prepared and subjected to Western blot analyses for AR. HDAC2 and β-tubulin were probed as loading controls for nuclear and whole-cell extracts, respectively.
Clin Cancer Res, 2017, 23(24):7608-7620. Apalutamide (ARN-509) purchased from Selleck.
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Choose Selective Androgen Receptor Inhibitors
|Description||Apalutamide (ARN-509) is a selective and competitive androgen receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 16 nM in a cell-free assay, useful for prostate cancer treatment. Phase 3.|
ARN-509 (< 10 μM) inhibits androgen-mediated induction or repression of mRNA expression levels for 13 endogenous genes including PSA and TMPRSS2 in the LNCaP/AR prostate cancer cell line. ARN-509 (< 10 μM) inhibits the proliferative effect of R1881 (30 pM) in the LNCaP/AR prostate cancer cell line. ARN-509 (10 μM) impairs AR nuclear localization and thus reduces the concentration of AR available to bind androgen response elements (ARE) in LNCaP cells expressing AR-EYFP. ARN-509 (10 μM) is able to effectively compete with R1881 (1 nM) and prevent AR from binding to promoter regions. ARN-509 inhibits R1881-induced VP16-AR–mediated transcription with IC50 of 0.2 μM in Hep-G2 cells expressing a VP16-AR fusion protein and an ARE-driven luciferase reporter. 
|In vivo||ARN-509 (10 mg/kg/d, oral) inhibits tumor growth with decreased proliferative index and increased apoptotic rate in castrate male immunodeficient mice harboring LNCaP/AR-luc xenograft tumors. ARN-509 dose dependently inhibits tumor growth with highest efficacy at dose of 30 mg/kg/day in castrate male immunodeficient mice harboring LNCaP/AR-luc xenograft tumors. ARN-509 dosed at 10 mg/kg/d for 28 days results in a 3-fold reduction in prostates weight associated with lacking glandular secretory activity and 1.7-fold reduction in epididymis weight in adult male dogs. ARN-509 (10 mg/kg/d, oral) inhibits cell proliferation of prostate tissues in adult male dogs.  ARN-509 is safe and well tolerated in 24 patients with metastatic CRPC who has progressed on prior treatments and peak plasma concentrations occurred 2 to 3 hours after administration. ARN-509 results in durable PSA declines at doses ranging from 30 to 300 mg in patients with metastatic CRPC.  ARN-509 shows powerful anti-cancer activity and induces durable remissions long after therapy completion in castrate resistant prostate cancer mouse models. |
|In vitro||DMSO||18 mg/mL (37.7 mM)|
|Ethanol||5 mg/mL (10.47 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+40% PEG 300+2% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
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