Apalutamide (ARN-509)

Catalog No.S2840

For research use only.

Apalutamide (ARN-509) is a selective and competitive androgen receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 16 nM in a cell-free assay, useful for prostate cancer treatment. Phase 3.

Apalutamide (ARN-509) Chemical Structure

CAS No. 956104-40-8

Selleck's Apalutamide (ARN-509) has been cited by 12 Publications

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Biological Activity

Description Apalutamide (ARN-509) is a selective and competitive androgen receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 16 nM in a cell-free assay, useful for prostate cancer treatment. Phase 3.
Targets
Androgen Receptor [1]
(Cell-free assay)
16 nM
In vitro

ARN-509 (< 10 μM) inhibits androgen-mediated induction or repression of mRNA expression levels for 13 endogenous genes including PSA and TMPRSS2 in the LNCaP/AR prostate cancer cell line. ARN-509 (< 10 μM) inhibits the proliferative effect of R1881 (30 pM) in the LNCaP/AR prostate cancer cell line. ARN-509 (10 μM) impairs AR nuclear localization and thus reduces the concentration of AR available to bind androgen response elements (ARE) in LNCaP cells expressing AR-EYFP. ARN-509 (10 μM) is able to effectively compete with R1881 (1 nM) and prevent AR from binding to promoter regions. ARN-509 inhibits R1881-induced VP16-AR–mediated transcription with IC50 of 0.2 μM in Hep-G2 cells expressing a VP16-AR fusion protein and an ARE-driven luciferase reporter. [1]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
LNCAP cells M{f1ZXBzd2yrZnXyZZRqd25iYYPzZZk> MWezJIRigXN? NEC4UHFCdnSrcILvcIln\XKjdHn2[UBi[3Srdnn0fUBi\2GrboP0JIh2dWGwIFzOR2FRKGOnbHzzJIFnfGW{IEOg[IF6eyxiSVO1NF0xNjF5NDFOwG0> MkPuQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjZyNE[zNVMoRjJ4MES2N|E{RC:jPh?=
PSN1 cells MmSxR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGG|c3H5 M4iydVk3KGh? MoXCR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gVHNPOSClZXzsd{Bi\nSncjC5OkBpenNiYomgRXRRNWyrdHWgcJVucW6nc3PlcoNmKGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUCuNFYh|ryP NF7CSYI9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{MkK0O|c5QCd-MkKyOFc4QDh:L3G+
PSN1 cells MWjGeY5kfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MYCzNEBvVQ>? M1TUSVI1KGh? M1HpcWlv\HWldHnvckBw\iClZXzsJIN6[2ynIHHydoV{fCCrbjDoeY1idiCSU16xJINmdGy|IHHzd4V{e2WmIHHzJIFk[3WvdXzheIlwdiCjdDDHNk9OKHCqYYPlJINmdGy|IHH0JFMxKG6PIHHmeIVzKDJ2IHjyd{BjgSCobH;3JIN6fG:vZYTyfS=> Mkn5QIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjJ{NEe3PFgoRjJ{MkS3O|g5RC:jPh?=
LNCaP NFTxVGFHfW6ldHnvckBie3OjeR?= NH7vR24{OCCvaX7z Mn3vSIl{eGyjY3Xt[Y51KG:oIGuzTH0uWjF6OEGg[pJwdSCDUjDpckBpfW2jbjDMUmNiWCClZXzsd{BxemWrbnP1ZoF1\WRiZn;yJFMxKG2rboOg[o9tdG:5ZXSgZpkhYzOKXT3SNVg5OSCjZHTpeIlwdiCvZXHzeZJm\CCjZoTldkA{OCCvaX7zJIJ6KG2rY4LvZoV1[SC|Y3nueIltdGG2aX;uJINwfW62ZYKgcYV1cG:mLDDJR|UxKD1iMD6wNVYzPSEQvF2u MnHvQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjh2N{i5NlYoRjJ6NEe4PVI3RC:jPh?=
U-2 OS NX34TnpleUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? NHvhZWlyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCScnntZZJ6KHOlcnXlckBnd3JiVT2yJG9UKGOnbHzz MV28ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
A673 M{G3eJFJXFNiYYPzZZk> M2\JTZFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCDNkezJINmdGy| NXPJbZpERGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
DAOY NHKxXGFyUFSVIHHzd4F6 NVPB[|ZSeUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IFTBU3kh[2WubIO= MXO8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
BT-37 MnzydWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> NX3JOWRxeUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IFLUMVM4KGOnbHzz MU[8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
RD MkXidWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> M2fySpFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCURDDj[Yxtew>? MlTuQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
SK-N-SH NFzJd5hyUFSVIHHzd4F6 M2rCVZFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCVSz3OMXNJKGOnbHzz Mon2QIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
BT-12 MonndWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> M3LoeZFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCEVD2xNkBk\Wyucx?= MXS8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
MG 63 (6-TG R) NYLwbHpzeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? MkP0dWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohWHKrbXHyfUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKE2JIE[zJEg3NVSJIGKpJINmdGy| NFHINFU9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
NB1643 NXP2cZMyeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? M13tSpFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCQQkG2OFMh[2WubIO= MXW8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
Fibroblast cells NVntPIlDeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? NEfOdHlyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCScnntZZJ6KHOlcnXlckBnd3JiY3;ueJJwdCCKaDD3bYxlKHS7cHWg[oljem:kbHHzeEBk\Wyucx?= NYTkXo5ORGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
Rh41 NILMd2ZyUFSVIHHzd4F6 M1\3cZFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCUaESxJINmdGy| NIHzZY89[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
Rh30 NWnGblV{eUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? NWfB[ZBEeUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IGLoN|Ah[2WubIO= M{\sV|xiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
SJ-GBM2 NWXo[Gw{eUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? MXrxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBRemmvYYL5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhW0pvR1LNNkBk\Wyucx?= M{WxSFxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
SK-N-MC MUDxTHRUKGG|c3H5 NXLtUFU4eUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IGPLMW4uVUNiY3XscJM> NFWweYs9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
NB-EBc1 M3TyNZFJXFNiYYPzZZk> NUHsZ3NseUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IF7CMWVD[zFiY3XscJM> MVu8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
LAN-5 Ml7HdWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> NVm2SZp[eUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IFzBUk02KGOnbHzz M1nVSVxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
Rh18 MofudWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> NWeycXVyeUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IGLoNVgh[2WubIO= NEDrZWw9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
In vivo ARN-509 (10 mg/kg/d, oral) inhibits tumor growth with decreased proliferative index and increased apoptotic rate in castrate male immunodeficient mice harboring LNCaP/AR-luc xenograft tumors. ARN-509 dose dependently inhibits tumor growth with highest efficacy at dose of 30 mg/kg/day in castrate male immunodeficient mice harboring LNCaP/AR-luc xenograft tumors. ARN-509 dosed at 10 mg/kg/d for 28 days results in a 3-fold reduction in prostates weight associated with lacking glandular secretory activity and 1.7-fold reduction in epididymis weight in adult male dogs. ARN-509 (10 mg/kg/d, oral) inhibits cell proliferation of prostate tissues in adult male dogs. [1] ARN-509 is safe and well tolerated in 24 patients with metastatic CRPC who has progressed on prior treatments and peak plasma concentrations occurred 2 to 3 hours after administration. ARN-509 results in durable PSA declines at doses ranging from 30 to 300 mg in patients with metastatic CRPC. [2] ARN-509 shows powerful anti-cancer activity and induces durable remissions long after therapy completion in castrate resistant prostate cancer mouse models. [3]

Protocol (from reference)

Cell Research:[1]
  • Cell lines: LNCaP/AR prostate cancer cell line
  • Concentrations: 10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 48 hours
  • Method: Cells are incubated for 48 hours, after which ARN-509 is added in a 16 μL volume to the RPMI culture medium. For the antagonist mode assay, the ARN-509 is diluted in culture medium also containing 30 pM R1881. After 7 days' incubation, 16 μL of CellTiter-Glo Luminescent Cell Viability Assay is added and Relative Luminescence Units (RLUs) measured.
Animal Research:[1]
  • Animal Models: Castrate male immunodeficient mice harboring LNCaP/AR-luc xenograft tumors
  • Dosages: 30 mg/kg/day
  • Administration: Orally

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+40% PEG 300+2% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

3mg/mL

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 477.43
Formula

C21H15F4N5O2S

CAS No. 956104-40-8
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CNC(=O)C1=C(C=C(C=C1)N2C(=S)N(C(=O)C23CCC3)C4=CC(=C(N=C4)C#N)C(F)(F)F)F

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

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% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O
%DMSO %

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Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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