AG-1024

Catalog No.S1234 Synonyms: Tyrphostin, AGS 200

For research use only.

AG-1024 (Tyrphostin, AGS 200) inhibits IGF-1R autophosphorylation with IC50 of 7 μM, is less potent to IR with IC50 of 57 μM and specifically distinguishes between InsR and IGF-1R (as compared to other tyrphostins).

AG-1024  Chemical Structure

CAS No. 65678-07-1

Selleck's AG-1024 has been cited by 24 publications

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description AG-1024 (Tyrphostin, AGS 200) inhibits IGF-1R autophosphorylation with IC50 of 7 μM, is less potent to IR with IC50 of 57 μM and specifically distinguishes between InsR and IGF-1R (as compared to other tyrphostins).
Targets
IGF-1R [1]
(NIH-3T3 fibroblasts )
Insulin Receptor [1]
(NIH-3T3 fibroblasts )
7 μM 57 μM
In vitro

AG-1024 blocks the IGF-1 receptor and IR autophosphorylation with IC50 of 7 μM and 57 μM, respectively. AG-1024 also inhibits the receptor tyrosine kinase activity towards exogenous substrates (TKA) with IC50 values of 18 μM and 80 μM, respectively. [1] AG-1024 (10 μM) inhibits cell proliferation in a time-dependent manner, and induces apoptosis in MCF-7 cells at 48 hours by 20.1% and >40% when combined with irradiation (10 Gy), more potently than that of irradiation (10 Gy) alone by 11.8%, which is associated with a down-regulation of phospho-Akt1 and bcl-2, and up-regulation of Bax, p53 and p21. [2] AG-1024 significantly inhibits melanoma cell proliferation with an IC50 of <50 nM in the absence of serum, by blocking MAPK/ERK2 signaling, subsequently rapidly inducing pRb dephosphorylation and activation, and eventually the formation of growth suppressive pRb-E2F complexes. [3] AG-1024 treatment down-regulates the expression of Bcr-Abl and P-Akt, and up-regulates DNA-PKcs expression in UT7-9 and Ba/F3-p210 cells, leading to decreased clonogenic survival and proliferation. AG-1024 also significantly inhibits the proliferation of cells resistant to the BCR-ABL inhibitor STI571, which correlates with a dose-dependent decrease in Bcr-Abl protein expression. [4]

In vivo Administration of AG-1024 at a dose of 30 μg for 10 days significantly inhibits the tumor growth of Ba/F3-p210 xenograft in mice. [4]

Protocol (from reference)

Kinase Assay:[1]
  • Inhibition of IGF-1- and insulin-stimulated cellular proliferation:

    NIH-3T3 cells overexpressing IGF-1 or insulin receptors are plated on 96-well plates (2,000-5,000 cells/well) and maintained overnight in complete medium. Cells are then changed to DMEM containing 1% FBS in the presence of 10 nM IGF-1 or insulin and various concentrations of AG-1024 for 120 hours. Medium is replaced every 48 hours. At the indicated periods of time, the medium is aspirated from the wells and 100 μL MTT is added to each well. The cells are then incubated for 4 hours at 37 °C and lysed by addition of 100 μL isoamylic alcohol and shaking for 20 minutes. The plate is then read in the ELISA reader at 570 and 690 nm. The IC50 value is calculated at the 120-hour time point.

Cell Research:[2]
  • Cell lines: MCF-7
  • Concentrations: Dissolved in DMSO, final concentration 10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 24, 48 or 72 hours
  • Method: Cells are exposed to AG-1024 for 24, 48 or 72 hours. For the determination of proliferation, cells are harvested and counted with trypan blue dye exclusion. Apoptosis is evaluated by dual staining of MCF-7 with fluoresceine anti-digoxigenin and propidium iodide. Briefly, fixed cells are washed with PBS, suspended in TdT buffer with TdT enzyme and Dig-dUTP for 60 minutes, and suspended in FITC blocking solution with anti-Dig-Fluorescein for 30 minutes at room temperature and kept in a dark place. Cells are then rinsed in buffer and resuspended in propidium iodide/RNase A solution for 30 minutes then analyzed by flow cytometry. For the assessment of phospho-Akt1, Bax, p53, bcl-2 and p21, cells are lysed and analyzed by western blot.
Animal Research:[4]
  • Animal Models: Female nude mice implanted subcutaneously with Ba/F3-p210 cells
  • Dosages: 30 μg/day
  • Administration: Injected i.p

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
5% DMSO+40% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+50% ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

3 mg/mL

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 305.17
Formula

C14H13BrN2O

CAS No. 65678-07-1
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CC(C)(C)C1=C(C(=CC(=C1)C=C(C#N)C#N)Br)O

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Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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