For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 288.38
S 38093 is a histamine H3 antagonist/inverse agonist with a moderate affinity for rat, mouse and human H3 receptors (Ki = 8.8, 1.44 and 1.2 μM, respectively) and no affinity for other histaminergic receptors.
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Choose Selective Histamine Receptor Inhibitors
|Description||S 38093 is a histamine H3 antagonist/inverse agonist with a moderate affinity for rat, mouse and human H3 receptors (Ki = 8.8, 1.44 and 1.2 μM, respectively) and no affinity for other histaminergic receptors.|
In cellular models, the compound was able to antagonize mice H3 receptors (KB = 0.65 μM) and to suppress cAMP decrease induced by an H3 agonist via human H3 receptors (KB = 0.11 μM). Among the four histaminergic receptor subtypes, S 38093 is selective for the H3 receptor, its binding affinity for H1, H2 and H4 receptors being negligible.
|In vivo||S 38093, a novel brain-penetrant antagonist/inverse agonist of H3 receptors, on AHN (proliferation, maturation and survival) in 3-month-old and in aged 16-month-old mice. In aged animals, S 38093 induced a reversal of age-dependent effects on hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) BDNF-IX, BDNF-IV and BDNF-I transcripts and increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. The effects of chronic administration of S 38093 were assessed on a neurogenesis-dependent “context discrimination (CS) test” in aged mice. While ageing altered mouse CS, chronic S 38093 treatment significantly improved CS. Chronic S 38093 treatment increases adult hippocampal neurogenesis and may provide an innovative strategy to improve age-associated cognitive deficits. S 38093 is found to be active at a mean pharmacological dose of 0.3–1 mg/kg p.o./i.p. in animal behavioral tests of working memory (Morris water maze in rats; spontaneous alternation and concurrent serial alternation tests in mice; delayed matching to sample in aged monkeys) and episodic-like memory (social and object recognition tests in rats; contextual discrimination task in mice). S 38093 also improves attention, executive functioning, and cognitive flexibility in MPTP-treated monkeys. Moreover, in line with its H3 antagonist/inverse agonist properties, S 38093 dose-dependently increases extracellular histamine levels in the prefrontal cortex and facilitates cholinergic transmission in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of rats after both acute and chronic administrations. S 38093 was rapidly absorbed in mouse and rat (Tmax= 0.25-0.5h), slowly in monkey (2h), with a bioavailability ranging from 20 to 60% and t1/2 ranging from 1.5h to 7.4h. The compound was widely distributed with a moderate volume of distribution and low protein binding. The brain distribution of S 38093 was rapid and high.|
|In vitro||DMSO||57 mg/mL (197.65 mM)|
|Ethanol||57 mg/mL (197.65 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
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Molecular Weight Calculator
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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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