For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 196.64
Hydralazine HCl is a hydrochloride salt of hydralazine, which is a direct-acting smooth muscle relaxant used to treat hypertension by acting as a vasodilator primarily in arteries and arterioles.
Purity & Quality Control
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|Description||Hydralazine HCl is a hydrochloride salt of hydralazine, which is a direct-acting smooth muscle relaxant used to treat hypertension by acting as a vasodilator primarily in arteries and arterioles.|
Hydralazine impairs up-regulation of RAG-2 gene expression and reduces secondary Ig gene rearrangements. Hydralazine subverts B lymphocyte tolerance to self and contributes to generation of pathogenic autoreactivity by disrupting receptor editing.  Hydralazine directly scavenges free acrolein, decreasing intracellular acrolein availability and thereby suppressing macromolecular adduction. Hydralazine inhibits cross-linking if adding 30 min after commencing acrolein exposure but is ineffective if added after a 90-min delay.  Hydralazine (0.1-10 mM) inhibits both extracellular and intracellular ROS production by inflammatory macrophages, by a ROS-scavenging mechanism probably affecting superoxide radical (O(2)(*-))-generation by xanthine oxidase (XO) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADH/NADPH) oxidase. Hydralazine (0.1-10 mM) significantly reduces NO(*) generation, and this effect is attributable to an inhibition of NOS-2 gene expression and protein synthesis. Hydralazine also effectively blocks COX-2 gene expression which perfectly correlated with a reduction of protein levels and PGE(2) synthesis.  Hydralazine protects against not only acrolein-mediated injury, but also compression in guinea pig spinal cord ex vivo. Hydralazine can significantly alleviate acrolein-induced superoxide production, glutathione depletion, mitochondrial dysfunction, loss of membrane integrity, and reduces compound action potential conduction. 
|In vivo||Hydralazine affords strong, dose-dependent protection against the increases in plasma marker enzymes but not the hepatic glutathione depletion produced by allyl alcohol in mice. |
-  Mazari L, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A,?007, 104(15), 6317-6322.
-  Burcham PC, et al. Mol Pharmacol,?006, 69(3), 1056-1065.
-  Leiro JM, et al. Int Immunopharmacol,?004, 4(2), 163-177.
|In vitro||Water||1 mg/mL (5.08 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
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Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04164004||Not yet recruiting||Other: Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire-12||Heart Failure||Stanford University||May 1 2020||Not Applicable|
|NCT03619317||Recruiting||--||Cancer of Esophagus||Aarhus University Hospital Skejby|Danish Cancer Society||June 25 2018||--|
|NCT01587313||Completed||Drug: Isosorbide dinitrate / hydralazine capsules||Healthy||Arbor Pharmaceuticals Inc.||April 2012||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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