For research use only.
Catalog No.S2193 Synonyms: GSK461364A
CAS No. 929095-18-1
GSK461364 (GSK461364A) inhibits purified Plk1 with Ki of 2.2 nM in a cell-free assay. It is more than 1000-fold selective against Plk2/3. Phase 1.
Selleck's GSK461364 has been cited by 26 publications
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Choose Selective PLK Inhibitors
|Description||GSK461364 (GSK461364A) inhibits purified Plk1 with Ki of 2.2 nM in a cell-free assay. It is more than 1000-fold selective against Plk2/3. Phase 1.|
|Features||Demonstrates >390-fold selectivity for Plk1 relative to Plk2 and Plk3.|
GSK461364 inhibits cancer cell line proliferation from multiple origins with minimal toxicity in nondividing human cells.  RNA silencing of WT p53 increases the antiproliferative activity of GSK461364. As many cancer therapies tend to be more effective in p53 WT patients, the higher sensitivity of p53-deficient tumors toward GSK461364 could potentially offer an opportunity to treat tumors that are refractory to other chemotherapies as well as early line therapy for these genotypes. GSK461364 is a thiophene amide that inhibits purified Plk1 enzyme in vitro with a Ki of 2 nM and has >100-fold selectivity for Plk1 compared with Plk2 and Plk3. GSK461364 is a potent inhibitor of cell proliferation causing 50% growth inhibition (GI50) below 100 nM in most of the cell lines tested with limited toxicity against human nonproliferating cells. Inhibition of cell cycle progression is concentration dependent with initial delay at G2 phase at high GSK461364 concentrations and arrest at M phase at lower concentrations. Currently, GSK461364 is in a dose-escalation first-time-in-human trial. Cell lines with mutations in the TP53 gene tended to be more sensitive to GSK461364, and that inhibiting the p53 response by RNA silencing confers increased sensitivity in some p53 wild-type (WT) cells. Furthermore, these more sensitive cell lines also have increased levels of chromosome instability, a characteristic associated with TP53 mutations.  In preclinical testing, GSK461364 shows antiproliferative activity against multiple (>120) tumor cell lines and potently inhibits the proliferation of greater than 83% and 91% of these cell lines, with IC50 values lower than 50 and 100 nM, respectively. 
|In vivo||Cell culture growth inhibition by GSK461364 can be cytostatic or cytotoxic but leads to tumor regression in xenograft tumor models under proper dose scheduling. GSK461364 shows clear antitumor activity in human tumor xenograft models.  GSK461364 shows a dose-dependent mitotic arrest in mouse xenografts, which correlates with effects on tumor growth.  Intraperitoneal administration of GSK461364 causes regression or tumor growth delay in different xenograft models, including Colo205 xenografts. Suppression of Plk1 in vivo by using GSK461364 results in mitotic arrest with aberrant mitotic figures consisting of monopolar or collapsed mitotic spindles. |
Enzyme assays:Kinase reactions are performed in a final assay volume of 10 μL using the Z-Lyte Assay kit (Ser/Thr peptide 16). Briefly, reactions contains 50 mM HEPES (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 1 mM EGTA, 1 mM DTT, 0.01% Brij 35, 0.01 mg/mL casein, 200 μM ATP, 200 μM Polo Box peptide (NH2-MAGPMQS[pT]PLNGAKK-OH), and 6 nM recombinant Plk1 (H6-tev-PLK 1-603). Plk1 is preincubated for 60 minutes with 0 to 1 μM GSK461364. Reactions are then initiated by the addition of 2 μM peptide. After 15 minutes at 23 °C, reactions are quenched and processed according the Z′-Lyte protocol and read on an EnVision plate reader. Raw fluorescence values are converted to concentration of product formed using substrate and product standards. Because the potency of inhibition for GSK461364 is observed to vary as a function of the ATP concentration in a manner consistent with an ATP-competitive mode of inhibition, an upper limit for the Ki for GSK461364 is determined.
|In vitro||DMSO||10 mg/mL (18.39 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and SDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT00536835||Completed||Drug: GSK461364||Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin||GlaxoSmithKline||August 16 2007||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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Frequently Asked Questions
I would like to know whether the recommended in vivo formulation will be suitable for i.p. injections
GSK461364 in 1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80 at 30mg/ml is a suspension, and it is fine for oral gavage.