Dexamethasone (MK-125)

For research use only.

Catalog No.S1322 Synonyms: NSC 34521, Hexadecadrol, Prednisolone F

46 publications

Dexamethasone (MK-125) Chemical Structure

CAS No. 50-02-2

Dexamethasone (MK-125, NSC 34521, Hexadecadrol, Prednisolone F) is a potent synthetic member of the glucocorticoid class of steroid drugs, and an interleukin receptor modulator that has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant effects. Dexamethasone induces autophagy and mitophagy. Dexamethasone is tested in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and is found to have benefits for critically ill patients.

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Selleck's Dexamethasone (MK-125) has been cited by 46 publications

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Biological Activity

Description Dexamethasone (MK-125, NSC 34521, Hexadecadrol, Prednisolone F) is a potent synthetic member of the glucocorticoid class of steroid drugs, and an interleukin receptor modulator that has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant effects. Dexamethasone induces autophagy and mitophagy. Dexamethasone is tested in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and is found to have benefits for critically ill patients.
Targets
interleukin receptor [1]
(Cell-free assay)
In vitro

Dexamethasone results in decrease in transmonolayer paracellular permeability mainly to sucrose, fluorescein and dextrans of up to 20 KDa in an immortalised rat brain endothelial cell line (GPNT). Dexamethasone results in filamentous actin and the cytoskeleton associated protein cortactin being highly concentrated in the regions of cell-cell contact with few F-actin stress fibres visible within the cytoplasm in cultured rat brain endothelial cells, an observation consistent with a more differentiated barrier phenotype induced by dexamethasone. Dexamethasone treatment has been shown to strongly stimulate the level of the Id-1 protein, which is a serum-inducible helix-loop-helix transcriptional repressor, involved in cell differentiation, and this effect was shown to be associated with reorganisation of ZO-1 to the cell periphery in Con8 mammary epithelial tumor cells. Dexamethasone prevents cytokine-induced enhanced expression of MMP-9 and alterations in the expression of ZO-1 in untreated GPNT monolayers. [1] Dexamethasone depletes both basal and TNF-alpha-stimulated GSH levels by down-regulating the gamma-GCS-heavy subunit transcription via a mechanism involving AP-1 (c-Jun) in alveolar epithelial cells. Dexamethasone decreases both basal and stimulated GSH levels (TNF-α-treated) in alveolar epithelial cells (A549), without any change in GSSG. [2]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
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mouse thymocytes MWHGeY5kfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? NWH1XGhuOSEQvF2= M3;jcFI1KGh? M3rsVGlv\HWldHnvckBw\iCjcH;weI9{cXNiaX6gcY92e2VidHj5cY9kgXSnczDhd5Nme3OnZDDhd{BqdnSncn71Z4xmd3OxbXHsJGRPSSCocnHncYVvfGG2aX;uJIF1KDFidV2gZYZ1\XJiMkSgbJJ{KGK7IHHnZZJwe2ViZ3XsJIVt\WO2cn;wbI9z\XOrcx?= NXXsRZNXRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkS3PVQ4PDhpPkK0O|k1PzR6PD;hQi=>
T-cell MojTSpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? NX7lNYlrUW6qaXLpeI9zgSClb37j[Y51emG2aX;uJIFo[Wmwc4SgWEBk\WyuIIDyc4xq\mW{YYTpc44hfXOrbnegZ49v[2GwYY\hcIlvKEFic4TpcZVt[XSnZDDtbYNmKHOybHXlckBk\WyuczygTWM2OCB;IECuNFA2KM7:TT6= NH3PZZo9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9zMUKyPVc3Pyd-MUGyNlk4Pjd:L3G+
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... Click to View More Cell Line Experimental Data

Assay
Methods Test Index PMID
Western blot
Bcl-2 / Bcl-xl / Mcl-1 / Survivin / IAP1 ; 

PubMed: 28696369     


Bcl-xl, Bcl-2, Survivin, Mcl-1, and IAP1 protein levels were determined via Western blot analysis.

Cyclin D1 / Cyclin E / COX-2 / MMP-9 ; 

PubMed: 28696369     


Cyclin D1, Cyclin E, COX-2, and MMP-9 protein levels were determined via Western blot analysis.

Bax / p21; 

PubMed: 28696369     


The protein levels of Bax and p21 were determined via Western blot analysis.

p-JNK / JNK / p-p38 / p38 / p-ERK / ERK ; 

PubMed: 28696369     


The cells were treated with 100 μM of DHAP for the time periods stated; whole-cell extracts were then prepared and analyzed via Western blot analysis for p-p38 (Thr180/Tyr182), p-JNK (Thr183/Tyr185), and p-ERK1/2 (Thr202/Tyr204) by Western blot analysis. To confirm equal protein loading, the immunoblot was stripped and reprobed for JNK, p38, and ERK1/2. The results shown are representative of the three independent experiments

28696369
In vivo Dexamethasone is administered i.m. to pregnant ewes, leads to the following results (1) blood pressure is unchanged; (2) as previously reported in the fetus, sensitivity to endothelin-1 (ET) is increased; (3) acetylcholine-induced relaxation is increased; (4) L-NAME suppressible vasodilatory response to ET is abolished; (5) there is no change in endothelium-independent vasodilatation; and (6) there is no change in eNOS RNA and protein levels, when compared to saline treated controls. [3]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 79 mg/mL (201.29 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol '''6 mg/mL
In vivo Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
5% DMSO+45% PEG 300+H2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
13mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 392.46
Formula

C22H29FO5

CAS No. 50-02-2
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms NSC 34521, Hexadecadrol, Prednisolone F
Smiles CC1CC2C3CCC4=CC(=O)C=CC4(C3(C(CC2(C1(C(=O)CO)O)C)O)F)C

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)
Dosage mg/kg Average weight of animals g Dosing volume per animal ul Number of animals
Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()
% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O
CalculateReset

Bio Calculators

Molarity Calculator

Molarity Calculator

Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:

Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

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*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).

Dilution Calculator

Dilution Calculator

Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:

Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )

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* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).

The Serial Dilution Calculator Equation

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  • Computed Result

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    C2=C1/X C2: LOG(C2):
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    C4=C3/X C4: LOG(C4):
    C5=C4/X C5: LOG(C5):
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    C8=C7/X C8: LOG(C8):
Molecular Weight Calculator

Molecular Weight Calculator

Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:

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Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2

Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:

To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.

Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:

Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment interventions Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT04345588 Not yet recruiting Drug: Dexamethasone injection Dexamethasone Efficacy as an Adjuvant in Supraclavicular Block Assiut University January 1 2021 Phase 2
NCT04771026 Recruiting Drug: Dexamethasone Sore Throat|Hoarseness|Dexamethasone|Supraglottic Airway Devices Universiti Sains Malaysia December 1 2020 Not Applicable
NCT04091490 Recruiting Drug: Nivolumab Hodgkin Lymphoma State Budgetary Healthcare Institution National Medical Surgical Center N.A. N.I. Pirogov Ministry of Health of Russia February 19 2020 Phase 2
NCT03356054 Recruiting Combination Product: R-DHAP|Drug: Brentuximab Vedotin DLBCL Stichting Hemato-Oncologie voor Volwassenen Nederland March 5 2018 Phase 1|Phase 2
NCT02374424 Completed Drug: GA101_DHAP Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Fondazione Italiana Linfomi ONLUS June 2014 Phase 2

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3

If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • Question 1:

    I'm loonkig for Dexamethasone to use in cell culture, would it be better to use the Dexamethasone S1322, the sodiume phosphate S4028 or the acetate S3124?

  • Answer:

    S1322 is the free base form of Dexamethasone, S4028 is the sodium phosphate form and S3124 is the acetate salt. All of them have similar biological activity in tissue culture, however, their suitabilities vary in different solvents. As free base, S1322 has high solubility in DMSO (79mg/ml), poor solubility in water (<1mg/ml), and moderate solubility in ethanol (6mg/ml). As sodium phosphate salt, S4028 has high solubility in water (103mg/ml) but is insoluble in DMSO and ethanol (<1mg/ml). The solubility of S3124 is 87mg/ml in DMSO, <1mg/ml in water, and 20mg/ml in ethanol. Selection can be made based on the customer's experimental setup.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID