For research use only.
Catalog No.S2593 Synonyms: OPC-41061
Molecular Weight(MW): 448.94
Tolvaptan is an orally effective nonpeptide arginine vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist with IC50 of 3 nM, used to treat hyponatremia.
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Immunoblots of inner medullas from control and tolvaptan-treated rats. Each lane was loaded with a sample from a different rat. Tolvaptan (2.5 mg/day) or vehicle was infused for 4 days. Loading: aquaporin-2 (AQP2), 15 μg; AQP3, 20 μg; AQP4, 25 μg; and urea transporter UT-A1, 25 μg. Values are normalized band densities covering all bands (means ± SE). *Statistical significance (P < 0.05, t-test).
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2014 306(3), F359-66. Tolvaptan purchased from Selleck.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Vasopressin Receptor Inhibitors
|Description||Tolvaptan is an orally effective nonpeptide arginine vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist with IC50 of 3 nM, used to treat hyponatremia.|
Tolvaptan blocks the binding of [(3)H]AVP to human V(2) receptors with 29-fold greater selectivity than that for V(1a) receptors, and showed no inhibition of V(1b) receptors. Tolvaptan inhibits not only the binding of [(3)H]AVP but also the AVP-induced production of cyclic AMP in human V(2)-receptor-expressing HeLa cells. Tolvaptan shows marked aquaresis in healthy and diseased animals.  Tolvaptan causes a concentration-dependent inhibition of arginine vasopressin-induced cAMP production with an apparent IC(50) of 0.1 nM in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) cells. Tolvaptan inhibits AVP-induced ERK signaling and cell proliferation. Tolvaptan inhibits AVP-induced Cl(-) secretion and decreases in vitro cyst growth of ADPKD cells cultured within a three-dimensional collagen matrix. 
|In vivo||Tolvaptan improves hyponatremia, resulting in the prevention of death, and improves organ water retention in rat models with acute and chronic hyponatremia. Tolvaptan reduces cardiac preload without unfavorable effects on renal functions, systemic hemodynamics, or circulating neurohormones in dogs with heart failure (HF). Tolvaptan shows a decrease in kidney weight as well as in cyst and fibrosis volume in animal models of human polycystic kidney disease (PKD).  Tolvaptan markedly elevates electrolyte-free water clearance (E-CH(2)O) or aquaresis to a positive value and increases urinary Arginine vasopressin (AVP) excretion in rats with heart failure. |
|In vitro||DMSO||89 mg/mL (198.24 mM)|
|Ethanol||6 mg/mL (13.36 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04182958||Recruiting||Drug: (14C)-OPC-61815||Healthy Adult Male||Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.||December 2019||Phase 1|
|NCT02729662||Active not recruiting||Drug: Tolvaptan||Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease||Kyorin University||October 1 2016||Not Applicable|
|NCT02538016||Completed||Drug: Tolvaptan||Cystinuria||Caleb Nelson|Otsuka America Pharmaceutical|Boston Children’s Hospital||October 2016||Not Applicable|
|NCT02964273||Active not recruiting||Drug: Tolvaptan|Drug: Matching Placebo||Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD)||Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization Inc.||September 2016||Phase 3|
|NCT02020278||Terminated||Drug: Tolvaptan||Hyponatremia||Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization Inc.|Syneos Health||April 22 2016||Phase 3|
|NCT02925221||Recruiting||--||Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD)||Otsuka Canada Pharmaceutical Inc.||January 2016||--|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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