Catalog No.S7008 Synonyms: AG 1879,AGL 1879
Molecular Weight(MW): 301.77
PP2, a Src family kinase inhibitor, potently inhibits Lck/Fyn with IC50 of 4 nM/5 nM in cell-free assays, ~100-fold less potent to EGFR, inactive for ZAP-70, JAK2 and PKA.
Cited by 11 Publications
3 Customer Reviews
Inhibition of PLCG1 phosphorylation by the silencing of DopEcR, ErGPCR, and Gq and the addition of inhibitors of RTK and Src. 5 µM SU6668 (RTK inhibitor) and 20 µM PP2 (Src inhibitor) were added to the cells for 30 min treatment before the 20E stimulation.
J Biol Chem, 2014, 289(19): 13026-41 . PP2 purchased from Selleck.
Inmmunofluorescence staining of ZO-1 (green) junctional protein in HMVEC-L and HPAEC cells treated with dasatinib (100 nM), PP2 (10 μM) or vehicle ctrl (0.1% DMSO) for 24 hours. In line with the effects of dasatinib, PP2 disrupted the junctional complex of both micro- and macrovascular EC, as shown by decreased junctional staining of ZO-1 and gaps in the monolayers.
Front Physiol, 2018, 9: 537. PP2 purchased from Selleck.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Src Inhibitors
|Description||PP2, a Src family kinase inhibitor, potently inhibits Lck/Fyn with IC50 of 4 nM/5 nM in cell-free assays, ~100-fold less potent to EGFR, inactive for ZAP-70, JAK2 and PKA.|
PP2 inhibits Src by binding to an area of the molecule that does not overlap with the ATP binding domain.  PP2 (20 μM) induces 40-50% growth inhibition of HT29 cells, this concentration reduces the Src activity as early as 1 hour and maintains a 35% inhibition of Src activity for 2 days. PP2 (100 mM) decreases the Src activity of HT29 cells in a dose-dependent manner. PP2 (1 mM-100 mM) causes a dose-dependent growth inhibition of human colon cancer cells (HT29, SW480, and PMCO1), liver cancer cells (PLC/PRF/5, KYN-2, Li7, and HepG2), and breast cancer cells (MCF-7, MDA-MB-468, and BT-474). PP2 (20 μM) significantly increases aggregation in most of the cancer cells (HT29, SW480, PMCO1, PLC/PRF/5, KYN-2, Li7, MCF-7, and MDA-MB-468) in E-cadherin dependent manner. PP2 (20 μM) enhances E-cadherin expression and also strongly increases E-cadherin’s association with the actin cytoskeleton in cancer cells. PP2 (20 μM) increases the expression of α-catenin, β-catenin, and γ-catenin in HT29 cells, whereas in PLC/PRF/5 and MCF-7 cells, the total protein level of α-catenin does not change, but the levels of β- catenin and γ-catenin increases slightly.  PP2 inhibits proliferation of two cervical cancer cells (HeLa and SiHa) in a time- and dose-dependent manner. PP2 (10 μM) down-regulates pSrc-Y416, pEGFR-Y845, and -Y1173 expression levels in HeLa and SiHa cells. PP2 (10 μM) could modulate cell cycle arrest by up-regulating p21(Cip1) and p27(Kip1) in both HeLa and SiHa cells and down-regulating expression of cyclin A, and cyclin dependent kinase-2, -4 (Cdk-2, -4) in HeLa and of cyclin B and Cdk-2 in SiHa. 
|In vivo||PP2 (5 mg/kg/day) induces some slowing in the growth rate of the primary tumors relative to the control treated with vehicle in SCID mice inoculated HT29 cells in the spleen. PP2 (5 mg/kg/day) induces some slowing in the growth rate of the primary tumors relative to the control treated with vehicle in SCID mice inoculated HT29 cells in the spleen. PP2 (5 mg/kg/day) significantly reduces the relative liver weight and liver metastasis volume compared with the controls in SCID mice inoculated HT29 cells in the spleen.  PP2 (1.5 mg/kg i.p.) treated rats show approximately 50% reduction of infarct size on T2-weighted MRI and in TTC staining compared with controls in rats with focal ischemic brain injury. PP2 (1.5 mg/kg i.p.) results in better the neurological score than controls in rats with focal ischemic brain injury. |
Immune complex enzyme assays:The acid-treated enolase is diluted 1:20 with 1× PBS before aliquoting 100 mL/well into a Nunc 96-well high protein binding assay plate. Assay wells are then aspirated; blocked with 0.5% bovine serum, 1× PBS for 1 h at 37 ℃;and then washed five times with 300 mL of 1× PBS/well. The source of Lck is either LSTRA cells or Lck expressed in HeLa cells using a vaccinia expression system. FynT is expressed in HeLa cells using the vaccinia system. Cells (12.5× 106/mL) are lysed in lysis buffer (20 mM Tris, pH 8.0, 150 mM NaCl, 0.5% Nonidet P-40, and 23 trypsin inhibitory units/mL aprotinin), and the lysates are clarified by centrifugation at 14,000 cpm for 15 min at 4 ℃ in an Eppendorf tube. The clarified lysates are then incubated with the appropriate anti-kinase antibody at 10 μg/mL for 2 h at 4 ℃. Protein A-Sepharose beads are added to the antibody/lysate mixture at 250 μL/mL and allowed to incubate for 30 min at 4 ℃. The beads are then washed twice in 1 mL of lysis buffer and twice in 1 mL of kinase buffer (25 mM HEPES, 3 mM MnCl2, 5mM MgCl2, and 100 μM sodium orthovanadate) and resuspended to 50% (w/v) in kinase buffer. Twenty-five microliters of the bead suspension is added to each well of the enolase-coated 96-well high protein binding plate together with an appropriate concentration of compound and [γ-32P]ATP (25 μL/well of a 200 μCi/mL solution in kinase buffer). After incubation for 20 min at 20 ℃, 60 μLl of boiling 2× solubilization buffer containing 10 mM ATP is added to the assay wells to terminate the reactions. Thirty microliters of the samples is removed from the wells, boiled for 5 min, and run on a 7.5% SDS-polyacrylamide gel. The gels are subsequently dried and exposed to Kodak X-AR film. For quantitation, films are scanned using a Molecular Dynamics laser scanner, and the optical density of the major substrate band, enolase p46, is determined. In companion experiments for measuring the activity of compounds against Lck, the assay plate is washed with two wash cycles on a Skatron harvester using 50 mM EDTA, 1 mM ATP. Scintillation fluid (100 μL) is then added to the wells, and 32P incorporation is measured using a micro-β-counter.
-  Hanke JH, et al. J Biol Chem, 1996, 271(2), 695-701.
-  Karni R, et al. FEBS Lett, 2003, 537(1-3), 47-52.
-  Nam JS, et al. Clin Cancer Res, 2002, 8(7), 2430-2436.
|In vitro||DMSO||60 mg/mL (198.82 mM)|
|Ethanol||2 mg/mL (6.62 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
4% DMSO+corn oil
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||AG 1879,AGL 1879|
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.
Frequently Asked Questions
Could you please suggest me the in vivo details about the dilution to reduce the amount of DMSO to 1 to 5%?
For in vivo study, we recommend to use 4% DMSO +Corn oil up to 2.5 mg/ml.