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CAS No. 10083-24-6
Piceatannol, a natural stilbene, is a selective Syk inhibitor and ~10-fold selectivity versus Lyn.
Selleck's Piceatannol has been cited by 24 publications
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|Description||Piceatannol, a natural stilbene, is a selective Syk inhibitor and ~10-fold selectivity versus Lyn.|
Piceatannol displays ~10-fold selectivity for Syk over Lyn. Piceatannol treatment in RBL-2H3 cells strongly inhibits the antigen-stimulated phosphorylation of Syk and of most other cellular proteins but not the receptor β or γ subunit, in a dose-dependent manner. Piceatannol is also a potent inhibitor of histamine release in mast cells. Selective inhibition of Syk by Piceatannol blocks receptor-mediated down-stream cellular responses in mast cells including prevention of 1,4,5-IP3 synthesis, secretion and membrane ruffling and spreading.  Piceatannol also potently inhibits PKA, PKC, MLCK, and CDPK with IC50 of 3 μM, 8 μM, 12 μM, and 19 μM, respectively.  Piceatannol selectively prevents the IFNα-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT3 and -5 but not STAT1 and -2, paralleled by the loss of Jak1 and IFNAR1 tyrosine phosphorylation but not Tyk2 and IFNAR2.  Piceatannol potently induces apoptotic cell death in BJAB Burkitt-like lymphoma cells with ED50 of 25 μM, through the activation of caspase-3 and mitochondrial permeability transition independent of the CD95/Fas signaling pathway.  Piceatannol inhibits NF-κB activation induced by TNF, H2O2, PMA, LPS, okadaic acid, and ceramide. Piceatannol suppresses the expression of TNF-induced NF-κB-dependent reporter gene and of matrix metalloprotease-9, cyclooxygenase-2, and cyclin D1 independent of Syk kinase, by blocking TNF-induced IκBα phosphorylation, p65 phosphorylation, p65 nuclear translocation, and IκBα kinase activation.  Piceatannol directly binds with PI3K in an ATP-competitive manner, and suppresses PI3K activity with anti-atherosclerotic effects more effectively than resveratrol.  Piceatannol inhibits androgen-dependent (AD) and androgen-independent (AI) CaP cell proliferation, which is accompanied by reduced expression of mTOR and its key effectors AKT and eIF4EBP-1. 
|In vivo||Oral administration of Piceatannol induces a remarkable amelioration of the disruption of the colonic architecture, a significant reduction in colonic myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and a decrease in production of inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin (PG) E2, and pro-inflammatory cytokines in BALB/c mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis.  Piceatannol treatment inhibits the rises in blood glucose levels at early stages and improves the impaired glucose tolerance at late stages in type 2 diabetic model db/db mice. |
In Vitro Protein-tyrosine Kinase Assays:Recombinant Syk is expressed in baculovirus-infected St9 cells. Assays of recombinant Syk activity are carried out using angiotensin I peptide as substrate. The enzyme activities of recombinant Syk are measured by phosphorylation of angiotensin I peptide in the presence of various concentrations of Piceatannol.
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