Mildronate

Catalog No.S4130

Mildronate Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 147.19

Mildronate is an inhibitor of biosynthesis of L-carnitine by gamma-butyrobetaine (GBB) hydroxylase and as a competitive inhibitor of renal carnitine reabsorption.

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Biological Activity

Description Mildronate is an inhibitor of biosynthesis of L-carnitine by gamma-butyrobetaine (GBB) hydroxylase and as a competitive inhibitor of renal carnitine reabsorption.
Targets
GBB hydroxylase [1]
In vitro

Mildronate (40 μM) inhibits the reaction of γ-butyrobetaine hydroxylase with γ-butyrobetaine with Km and Vmax of 36.8 μM and 0.08 nmol/min/mg protein, respectively. [1]

In vivo Mildronate administered orally to rats for 10 days (150 mg/kg) elicits a reduction in myocardial free camitine and long-chain acyl carnitine content by 63.7 and 74.3%, respectively. Mildronate treatment (100 mg/kg, orally) subsequent administration of isoproterenol results in a reduction in free camitine concentration by 48.7% in comparison with the rats receiving isoproterenol. A prior administration of Mildronate effectively protects the myocardium from isoproterenol-induced variations in the content of ATP and myocardial energy charge, as well as preventing a rise in creatine phosphokinase and lactic dehydrogenase activity. [1] Mildronate (200 mg/kg) long-term treatment significantly increases the rate of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake by 35% and the expression of glucose transporter 4 (1.7-fold increase), hexokinase II (2.1-fold increase), insulin receptor proteins (2.5-fold increase) and carnitine palmitoyltransferases IA (2.2-fold increase) in mouse hearts. Mildronate long-term treatment statistically significantly decreases fed state blood glucose from 6 to 5 mM. [2] Mildronate reduces the azidothymidine-induced alterations in mouse brain tissue. Mildronate (50 mg/kg) normalizes the increase in caspase-3, cellular apoptosis susceptibility protein (CAS) and iNOS expression. Mildronate also normalizes the changes in cytochromec oxidase (COX) expression, reduces the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and cellular infiltration. [3] Mildronate displays protective effects in experimental model of type 2 diabetes in Goto-Kakizaki rats. Mildronate (200 mg/kg) treatment decreases both the fed- and fasted-state blood glucose. Mildronate strongly inhibits fructosamine accumulation and loss of pain sensitivity (by 75%) and also ameliorates the enhanced contractile responsiveness of Goto-Kakizaki rat aortic rings to phenylephrine. In addition, in Mildronate-treated hearts, the necrosis zone following coronary occlusion is significantly decreased by 30%. [4]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro Water 29 mg/mL (197.02 mM)
Ethanol 29 mg/mL (197.02 mM)
DMSO Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 147.19
Formula

C6H14N2O2

CAS No. 86426-17-7
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT01800357 Unknown status Acute Ischemic Stroke Xijing Hospital January 2013 Phase 2
NCT01800357 Unknown status Acute Ischemic Stroke Xijing Hospital January 2013 Phase 2
NCT01831011 Completed Acute Ischemic Stroke Xijing Hospital July 2008 Phase 2
NCT01831011 Completed Acute Ischemic Stroke Xijing Hospital July 2008 Phase 2

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Hydroxylase Signaling Pathway Map

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