Dyngo-4a

Catalog No.S7163

For research use only.

Dyngo-4a is a potent dynamin inhibitor with IC50 of 0.38 μM, 1.1 μM, and 2.3 μM for DynI (brain), DynI (rec), and DynII (rec), respectively.

Dyngo-4a Chemical Structure

CAS No. 1256493-34-1

Selleck's Dyngo-4a has been cited by 16 publications

Purity & Quality Control

Choose Selective Dynamin Inhibitors

Biological Activity

Description Dyngo-4a is a potent dynamin inhibitor with IC50 of 0.38 μM, 1.1 μM, and 2.3 μM for DynI (brain), DynI (rec), and DynII (rec), respectively.
Targets
DynI (brain) [1]
()
DynI (rec) [1]
()
DynII (rec) [1]
()
0.38 μM 1.1 μM 2.3 μM
In vitro

Dyngo-4a inhibits dynamin-dependent endocytosis of transferrin in multiple cell types with IC₅₀ of 5.7 μM, and reduces synaptic vesicle endocytosis and activity-dependent bulk endocytosis in cultured neurons and synaptosomes. [1] In motor nerve terminals and cultured hippocampal neurons, Dyngo-4a blocks Alexa Fluor 488-BoNT/A-Hc internalization. [2] In Drosophila S2R+ cells, Dyngo-4a causes a decrease in the level of Armadillo/β-catenin. [3]

Protocol (from reference)

Kinase Assay:

[1]

  • Dynamin GTPase assay:

    Dynamin I activity is measured in its SAI activity state or is stimulated by three different methods. As each stimulus activates dynamin to different extents, each assay requires different dynamin concentrations. First, maximal dynamin activity is stimulated by sonicated PS liposomes. Purified dynamin I (10–20 nM, diluted in: 6 mM Tris–HCl, 20 mM NaCl and 0.01% Tween 80, pH 7.4) is incubated in 96-well plates in GTPase buffer (5 mM Tris–HCl, 10 mM NaCl, 2 mM Mg2+, 0.05% Tween 80, pH 7.4, 1 µg/mL leupeptin and 0.1 mM PMSF) and GTP 0.3 mM in the presence of test compound for 30 min at 37°C in a final assay volume of 150 μL. Reactions are terminated with 10 μL of 0.5 M ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) pH 7.4 and Malachite Green solution (40 μL: 2% w/v ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate, 0.15% w/v malachite green and 4 M HCl) is added for 5 min. Second, dynamin (20 nM) is stimulated by 10 µg/mL of taxol-stabilized preformed bovine brain microtubules using the same protocol. Third, dynamin I (50 nM) is stimulated by 1 μM of recombinant grb2, a SH3-containing protein that stimulates dynamin about 5–10 times less efficiently than liposomes or microtubules. Finally, dynamin (500 nM) SAI activity is measured using high concentrations of dynamin, which promote its cooperative self-assembly into rings (but not helices). The final DMSO concentration in the GTPase or endocytosis assays is at most 3.3 or 1%, respectively, but typically is at 1%. The GTPase assay for dynamin I is unaffected by DMSO up to 3.3%. Compounds are dissolved as 30 mM stocks in 100% DMSO. These stock solutions can be stored at −20°C for several months. Compounds are subsequently diluted into solutions of 50% DMSO made up in 20 mM Tris–HCl pH 7.4 and diluted again into the final assay. For analysis of the kinetics of 4a inhibition, dynamin I at a final concentration of 17 nM is incubated with GTPase buffer containing PS (2 µg/mL) and varying amounts of GTP (50–250 μM) in the presence of 4a at a concentration range between 0.5 and 6 μM. The reaction is stopped after 30 min by addition of EDTA (0.5 mM, pH 7.4). Curves are generated using the Michaelis–Menten equation v = Vmax[S]/(Km + [S]), where S is the GTP substrate. After the Vmax and Km values were determined, the data were transformed using the Lineweaver–Burke equation, 1/v = 1/Vmax + (Km/Vmax)(1/[S]). Assay conditions are based on the dynamin I assay but contained modifications. Recombinant dynamin II is used at 50 nM, stimulated by 10 µg/mL PS. The GTPase reaction is allowed to occur for 90 min at 37°C before termination.

Cell Research:

[5]

  • Cell lines: αT3–1 or LβT2 cells
  • Concentrations: 30 μM
  • Incubation Time: 30 minutes
  • Method:

    αT3-1 or LβT2 cells (2 × 106) were grown overnight in a 6-well culture dish and then serum starved for 2–4 hours. Cells were pretreated with either vehicle (0), dynasore (80μM), or dyngo (30μM) for 30 minutes. For dose-response studies, indicated doses of dynasore were used for a 30-minute pretreatment. After pretreatment, cells were treated with 0 or GnRHa (10 nM) for 10 minutes. Cells were then washed twice in PBS, lysed in radio-immunoprecipitation assay (RIPA) buffer and subjected to SDS-PAGE (acrylamide:bis-acrylamide ratio of 29:1) and electroblotted to polyvinylidene difluoride membranes.

Animal Research:

[4]

  • Animal Models: Female CD-1 mice
  • Dosages: 30 mg/kg
  • Administration: i.p.

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 67 mg/mL
(198.04 mM)
Ethanol 1 mg/mL warmed
(2.95 mM)
Water Insoluble

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 338.31
Formula

C18H14N2O5

CAS No. 1256493-34-1
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles C1=CC=C2C=C(C(=CC2=C1)C(=O)NN=CC3=CC(=C(C=C3O)O)O)O

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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