For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 105.09
Serine is a non-essential amino acid and a natural ligand and allosteric activator of pyruvate kinase M2.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective PKM Inhibitors
|Description||Serine is a non-essential amino acid and a natural ligand and allosteric activator of pyruvate kinase M2.|
The non-essential amino acid serine supports several metabolic processes that are crucial for the growth and survival of proliferating cells, including protein, amino acid and glutathione synthesis. As an important one-carbon donor to the folate cycle, serine contributes to nucleotide synthesis, methylation reactions and the generation of NADPH for antioxidant defence. Serine activates recombinant PKM2 with a half maximal activation concentration (AC50) of 1.3 mM. Isothermal titration calorimetry was used to determine the dissociation constant (Kd) of the PKM2-serine interaction as 0.20 mM. Serine can bind to and activate human PKM2 and that following serine deprivation, PKM2 activity in cells is reduced. This reduction in PKM2 activity shifts cells to a fuel-efficient mode where more pyruvate is diverted to the mitochondria and more glucose derived carbon is channelled into serine biosynthesis to support cell proliferation.
|In vitro||Water||8 mg/mL (76.12 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04367792||Recruiting||--||COVID-19||A.O. Ospedale Papa Giovanni XXIII|CVPath Institute Inc. Renu Virmani Aloke Finn|A.O. Ospedale Papa Giovanni XXIII Anatomia Patologica Dr Andrea Gianatti co-PI||April 2020||--|
|NCT04224064||Not yet recruiting||Diagnostic Test: Blood sampling||Liposarcoma|Atypical Lipomatous Tumor||Institut du Cancer de Montpellier - Val d''Aurelle||January 2020||Not Applicable|
|NCT03979482||Recruiting||--||Pulmonary Artery Hypertension||Laval University||June 1 2019||--|
|NCT04257877||Recruiting||Procedure: Blood sampling||Diabetes Type 1|Proteomics|Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy||Aristotle University Of Thessaloniki||November 20 2018||--|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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