Catalog No.S3057 Synonyms: TAK-491
Molecular Weight(MW): 568.53
Azilsartan Medoxomil is a potent angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist, inhibits the RAAS, with an IC50 of 2.6 nM, exhibits >10,000-fold selectivity over AT2.
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(B) Dose-response curves of each drug for acute G protein or barr activation derived from the CellKey assay. LOS: Losartan; EXP: EXP3174; TEL: Telmisartan; EPR: Eprosartan; AZI: Azilsartan; OLM: Olmesartan; CAN: Candesartan; VAL: Valsartan; IRB: Irbesartan.
Sci Rep, 2015, 5:8116.. Azilsartan Medoxomil purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Azilsartan Medoxomil is a potent angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist, inhibits the RAAS, with an IC50 of 2.6 nM, exhibits >10,000-fold selectivity over AT2.|
Azilsartan medoxomil is a prodrug, which is rapidly converted to the active moiety, azilsartan (TAK-536), by ester hydrolysis in the gut and plasma during absorption after oral administration. Azilsartan selectively blocks the binding of angiotensin II to the AT1 (angiotensin II type 1) receptors found in the vascular smooth muscle and the adrenal gland, thereby promoting vasodilation and a decrease in the effects of aldosterone.  Azilsartan is a highly selective antagonist to the AT1 receptor, with an IC50 of 2.6 nM, exhibiting a >10,000-fold affinity for the AT1 receptor compared with the AT2 receptor, and has not shown affinity for other cardiac receptors or ion channels. The inhibitory effect of Azilsartan persists after washout of the free compound (IC50 value of 7.4 nM). Azilsartan also inhibits the accumulation of angiotensin II -induced inositol 1-phosphate (IP1) in the cell-based assay with an IC50 value of 9.2 nM, and this effect is resistant to washout (IC50 value of 81.3 nM). 
Radioligand Binding:A radioligand binding assay is performed by using human AT1 receptor-coated microplates containing 4.4 to 6.2 fmol of receptors/well (10 μg of membrane protein/well). Membrane-coated wells are incubated with 45 μl of assay buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl, 5 mM MgCl2, 1 mM EDTA, and 0.005% CHAPS, pH 7.4) containing various concentrations of test compounds at room temperature. After 90 min, 5 μl of 125I-Sar1-Ile8-AII (final concentration 0.6 nM) dissolved in assay buffer is added to the wells, and the plate is incubated for 5 h. In each step, the plate is briefly and gently shaken on a plate shaker.
|In vitro||DMSO||114 mg/mL (200.51 mM)|
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