For research use only.
Catalog No.S4975 Synonyms: Kanarb
CAS No. 247257-48-3
Fimasartan (Kanarb) is a non-peptide angiotensin II receptor antagonist (ARB) with noncompetitive, insurmountable binding with the AT1 receptor. It is used for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure.
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|Description||Fimasartan (Kanarb) is a non-peptide angiotensin II receptor antagonist (ARB) with noncompetitive, insurmountable binding with the AT1 receptor. It is used for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure.|
Fimasartan is a selective AT1 receptor antagonist. The concentration that inhibits the binding of [125I]Ang II to the AT1 receptor from rat adrenal cortex by 50% (IC50) is 0.13 nM. Fimasartan shows superior inhibitory activity in the contraction of isolated rabbit thoracic aorta compared to other ARBs such as losartan and candesartan. Fimasartan potently attenuates myocardial apoptotic death in reperfused rat heart and H9c2 cells. Fimasartan could attenuate mitochondrial damage which is associated with minimizing the reduction in Bcl-2 and connected with the reduction in p53 and activation of Akt and GSK-3β, and inhibiting mitochondrial Ca2+ overload by suppressing the ICa,L and MCU.
|In vivo||In various animal models including renal hypertensive rats, spontaneously hypertensive rats and Beagle dogs, fimasartan effectively reduces blood pressure in a dose-dependent manner following single or repeated oral and intravenous administration. Fimasartan does not affect general behavior, respiratory rate or tidal volume in experimental animals, and shows no adverse findings in the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) test or monkey telemetry study. A number of general toxicity, carcinogenic toxicity, genetic toxicity, and developmental toxicity studies given either orally or intravenously in various species including mice, rats, monkeys and dogs are conducted and these preclinical results demonstrate the safety and tolerability of fimasartan for long-term clinical use and offer sufficient safety margins to support the expected human therapeutic dose. Fimasartan is rapidly absorbed following oral administration with the time to peak plasma concentration (Tmax) ranging 0.5-3 h and the terminal half-life (t1/2) being 5-16 h at doses of 20 to 480 mg in healthy subjects. Similar results are obtained in patients with hypertension, i.e., Tmax ranges 0.5-1.3 h and t1/2 is 7-10 h following fimasartan administration at doses 20-180 mg in the subsequent phase II study. The urinary excretion of fimasartan is low, with the overall urinary excretion of unchanged drug over the first 24 h after dosing being less than 3% of the administered dose. Fimasartan undergoes nonrenal elimination with minimal metabolism. Fimasartan treatment before myocardial ischemia significantly attenuates reperfusion injury and apoptotic changes, possibly by suppressing mitochondrial damage during reperfusion. In various preclinical studies, including aortic balloon injury, myocardial infarct ischemia/reperfusion, doxorubicin cardiotoxicity, and ischemic stroke models, fimasartan shows anti-inflammatory and organ-protecting effects.|
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (199.34 mM)|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02994745||Completed||Drug: Fimasartan Atorvastatin||Hypertension Hyperlipidemia||Boryung Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd||December 23 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02920047||Completed||Drug: Fimasartan/Amlodipine|Drug: Fimasartan + Amlodipine||Hypertension||Boryung Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd||October 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02995720||Completed||Drug: Fimasartan/Amlodipine combination drug Rosuvastatin||Hypertension Hyperlipidemia||Boryung Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd||August 26 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT03231293||Completed||--||Hypertension|Ischemic Stroke|Transient Ischemic Attack||Boryung Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd||July 28 2016||--|
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