For research use only.
Catalog No.S4760 Synonyms: HP-β-cyclodextrin
Molecular Weight(MW): 1541.54
HP-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD), a well-known sugar used in drug delivery, genetic vector, environmental protection and treatment of Niemann-Pick disease type C1 (NPC1), is an inhibitor of amyloid-β aggregation.
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|Description||HP-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD), a well-known sugar used in drug delivery, genetic vector, environmental protection and treatment of Niemann-Pick disease type C1 (NPC1), is an inhibitor of amyloid-β aggregation.|
HP-β-CD molecules were not only nontoxic to cells, but also greatly inhibited Aβ fibrillization and reduced Aβ-induced toxicity in a concentration-dependent manner. Too low concentrations of HP-β-CD caused insufficient interactions with Aβ, while too high concentrations of HP-β-CD caused HP-β-CD to self-aggregate into inactive species. HP-β-CD interacted preferentially with some of the hydrophobic residues of Aβ, which prevented Aβ oligomers from further growing into mature fibrils via peptide elongation and lateral association.
|In vivo||HP-β-CD, due to its excellent biocompatibility, has been widely used in drug delivery systems, environmental remediation, food additives, and pharmacotherapy. HP-β-CD can readily cross the BBB and target nerve cells. HP-β-CD is well tolerated in the animal species tested (rats, mice and dogs), particularly when dosed orally, and shows only limited toxicity. After a single 200 mg/kg intravenous dose in rats and dogs, 14C-HP-β-CD was eliminated rapidly (more than 90% in 4 h), almost completely as the intact compound and mostly by renal excretion. The excretion in faeces and expired air was minimal. The plasma elimination half-life was 0.4 h in rats and 0.8 h in dogs. After oral administration of HP-β-CD in both rats and dogs, 86% was excreted via the faeces in both species, where as less than 5% was excreted in the urine. The absolute bioavailability was estimated at 3.3% in the dog and less in the rat. In both rats and dogs following intravenous administration, tissue distribution was limited: in rats the highest concentration was found in the kidney and lung and in dogs, the highest concentrations were in the kidney and the liver. Plasma levels of unchanged HP-β-CD declined rapidly and showed a bi-phasic decline after single intravenous and oral dosing in healthy volunteers. The utility of a 45%w/v HP-β-CD aqueous dosing vehicle in preclinical studies is very common. This vehicle is useful with poorly aqueous drugs.|
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (64.87 mM)|
|Water||100 mg/mL (64.87 mM)|
|Ethanol||100 mg/mL (64.87 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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