For research use only.
Catalog No.S2579 Synonyms: Azidothymidine, NSC 602670
CAS No. 30516-87-1
Zidovudine (ZDV, Azidothymidine, NSC 602670) is a nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor, used to treat HIV. It could decrease the HDR efficiency and decrease CRISPR-mediated sequence-specific genome knockin events while increaseing knockout efficiency.
Selleck's Zidovudine has been cited by 9 publications
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
|Description||Zidovudine (ZDV, Azidothymidine, NSC 602670) is a nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor, used to treat HIV. It could decrease the HDR efficiency and decrease CRISPR-mediated sequence-specific genome knockin events while increaseing knockout efficiency.|
Zidovudine pretreatment has potent anti-HIV-1 activity in the newly infected T and monocytic cells but not in chronically infected cells.  Inhibition of reverse transcription by Zidovudine decreases p24 antigen levels modestly, decreased HIV-1 gag by 19-fold, and inhibits detection of 2-LTR HIV-1 DNA.  Zidovudine and dideoxynucleosides deplete wild-type mitochondrial DNA levels and increase deletedmitochondrial DNA levels in cultured Kearns-Sayre syndrome fibroblasts.  Zidovudine (AZT, 0.1-50 mM) has a concentration dependent suppressive effect on the growth of granulocyte-monocyte colony forming unit (CFU-GM) derived colonies. Zidovudine exposure also induces a concentration dependent suppressive effect (35-90%) on GM-CSF receptor type alpha (GM-CSFR alpha) gene expression. Zidovudine causes a much lower decrease (15-22%) on the IL-3 receptor type alpha (IL-3R alpha) message level, and has an insignificant effect on glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and c-myc message levels.  Zidovudine causes a concentration-dependent inhibition in the levels of the mRNA of Epo receptors and c-fos, whereas the level of c-myc mRNA is unaffected. Zidovudine also inhibits protein kinase C (PKC) activity in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, causing 50% inhibition at 10 mM within 3 hours. Zidovudine-induced down-regulation of Epo receptors and c-fos expression coupled with inhibition of Epo receptor-mediated signal transduction through PKC are significant contributory factors to AZT-induced erythroid toxicity.  Zidovudine could decrease the HDR efficiency. It decrease CRISPR-mediated sequence-specific genome knockin events while increases knockout efficiency .
-  Chiang G, et al. Clin Ther,?996, 18(6), 1080-1092.
-  Panther LA, et al. J Med Virol,?999, 58(2), 165-173.
-  Wang H, et al. Biochim Biophys Acta,?996, 1316(1), 51-59.
|In vitro||DMSO||53 mg/mL (198.32 mM)|
|Water||53 mg/mL warmed (198.32 mM)|
|Ethanol||18 mg/mL warmed (67.35 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||Azidothymidine, NSC 602670|
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02229760||Terminated||Drug: Tipranavir capsules|Drug: Ritonavir capsules||HIV Infections||Boehringer Ingelheim||August 2006||Phase 1|Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do you happen to have any information regarding the half-life of AZT？
The Half-life of S2579 in human is available (http://www.rxlist.com/retrovir-drug/clinical-pharmacology.htm), about 0.5-3 hours in adult subjects.