Turofexorate Isopropyl (XL335)
For research use only.
Catalog No.S2694 Synonyms: Fxr 450
CAS No. 629664-81-9
Turofexorate Isopropyl (XL335, Fxr 450) is a potent, selective FXR agonist with EC50 of 4 nM, highly selective versus other nuclear receptors, such as LXR, PPAR, ER and etc. Phase 1.
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(B) FXR agonists repressed β-Catenin mediated transcriptional activity. HEK293 cells were transfected with TOPflash reporter and pRLTK plasmid, and then treated with FXR agonists, GW4064 or WAY-36240, ranging from 1–4 μM. Luciferase activity was measured 12-24 hours post treatment. TOPflash/FOPflash activity was normalized to that of the controls.
Oncotarget, 2015, 6(6):4226-38.. Turofexorate Isopropyl (XL335) purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Turofexorate Isopropyl (XL335, Fxr 450) is a potent, selective FXR agonist with EC50 of 4 nM, highly selective versus other nuclear receptors, such as LXR, PPAR, ER and etc. Phase 1.|
WAY-362450 binds to the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of human FXR. WAY-362450 resides in a predominately hydrophobic pocket with only a few polar atoms making contact with WAY-362450. WAY-362450 promotes transcription of the human BSEP, human SHP, and mouse IBABP genes utilizing reporter constructs with EC50 of 17, 230, and 33 nM, respectively in promoter assays. WAY-362450 at concentration of 1 μM significantly induces mRNAs encoding for BSEP, SHP, and IBABP in human cell cultures to 13-, 2-, and 20-fold, respectively.  WAY-362450 at concentration of 1 μM suppresses interleukin-6-induced CRP expression in human Hep3B hepatoma cells, and the inhibitory effect is attenuated when knockdown of FXR by short interfering RNA.
|In vivo||WAY-362450 administrated intravenously or orally at does of 3 mg/kg in rats with a protracted half-life of 25 h, modest volume of distribution, and low clearance of 3.3 L/kg. WAY-362450 administered orally at dose of 10 mg/kg in normal C57bl/6 mice for a period of 7 days significantly lowers triglycerides to 62.0 ± 6.4 mg/dL and total cholesterol to 78.1 ± 5.0 mg/dL. WAY-362450 administered orally at dose of 1 and 3 mg/kg daily for 6 weeks in LDLR−/− mice, triglycerides is lowered by 19% and 39%, respectively, total cholesterol is lowered by 23% and 50%, respectively and lesion formation by 18% and 36%, respectively.  WAY-362450 intraperitoneally administrated at dose of 30 mg/kg daily for 4 days in wild type C57BL/6 mice attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced serum amyloid P component and serum amyloid A3 mRNA levels in the liver.  WAY-362450 orally administered at dose of 30 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks in adult male C57BL/6 mice reduces inﬂammatory cell inﬁltration and hepatic ﬁbrosis, the reduction in inﬂammatory cell inﬁltration correlates with deceased serum levels of keratinocyte derived chemokine (mKC) and MCP 1 and decreased hepatic gene expression of MCP-1 and VCAM-1, and the reduction of hepatic ﬁbrosis by WAY-362450 treatment corresponded to a reduction in hepatic gene expression of ﬁbrosis markers.  WAY-362450 administrated orally at dose of 30mg/kg in LDLR−/− and apoE−/− mice blocks diet-induced hypertriglyceridemia and elevations of non-HDL cholesterol and produced a near complete inhibition of aortic lesion formation, WAY-362450 also induced small heterodimer partner (SHP) expression and repressed cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) and sterol 12 α-hydroxylase (CYP8B1) expression. |
|In vitro||DMSO||33 mg/mL warmed (75.26 mM)|
|Ethanol||2 mg/mL (4.56 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
NMP+PEG300 (10+90, v+v)
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and SDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and SDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
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Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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