Molecular Weight(MW): 380.91
Opaganib (ABC294640) is an orally bioavailable and selective sphingosine kinase-2 (SphK2) inhibitor with IC50 of approximately 60 μM. Phase 1/2.
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|Description||Opaganib (ABC294640) is an orally bioavailable and selective sphingosine kinase-2 (SphK2) inhibitor with IC50 of approximately 60 μM. Phase 1/2.|
ABC294640 markedly alters the ratio of ceramide/S1P consistent with inhibition of SK activity in MDA-MB-231 cells. ABC294640 inhibits tumor cell proliferation with IC50 values ranging from approximately 6 to 48 μM, and impairs tumor cell migration concomitant with loss of microfilaments.  ABC294640 induces nonapoptotic cell death, morphological changes in lysosomes, formation of autophagosomes, and increases in acidic vesicles in A-498, PC-3, and MDA-MB-231 cells.  In both MCF-7 and ER-transfected HEK293 cells, ABC294640 decreases E2-stimulated ERE-luciferase activity. 
|In vivo||In mice bearing mammary adenocarcinoma xenografts, ABC294640 (100 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly reduce tumor growth, associated with depletion of S1P levels.  In severe combined immunodeficient mice bearing A-498 xenografts, ABC294640 delays tumor growth and elevates autophagy markers.  ABC294640 protects against liver transplantation-induced inflammation and cross-talk between innate and adaptive immunities, major events precipitating and exacerbating graft injury, and improves liver function and survival. |
Sphingosine Kinase Assays:The IC50 values for ABC294640 and DMS are determined by a newly developed HPLC-based SK activity assay. In brief, the test compounds are incubated with recombinant SK1 or SK2 and NBD-Sph in the isozyme-selective assay buffers detailed below with 1 mg/ml fatty acid-free bovine serum albumin, 100 μM ATP, and 400 μM MgCl2. The product, i.e., NBD-S1P, is separated from NBD-Sph by HPLC as follows: Waters 2795 HPLC system with a Waters 2495 fluorescence detector, C8 Chromolith RP-8e column (100 × 4.6 mm), 1 ml/min mobile phase (acetonitrile/20 mM sodium phosphate buffer, pH2.5, at 45:55). Fluorescence is monitored with excitation at 465 nm and emission at 531 nm. The ratio of NBD-S1P/(NBD-Sph + NBD-S1P) is used as a measure of SK activity. SK-isozyme selective assay buffers each contained 20 mM Tris, pH7.4, 5 mM EDTA, 5 mM EGTA, 3 mM β-mercaptoethanol, 5% glycerol, 1× protease inhibitors and 1× phosphatase inhibitors. For the SK1 assay buffer, 0.25% (final) Triton X-100 is added; and for the SK2 buffer, 1 M (final) KCl is added. Assays are run for 2 h at room temperature, and then a 1.5 volume of methanol is added to terminate the kinase reaction. After 10 min, the samples are centrifuged at 20,000g to pellet the precipitated protein, and the supernatants are analyzed by HPLC. In experiments to determine the Ki for inhibition of SK2 by ABC294640, the ADP Quest assay system is used to measure kinase activity in the presence of varying concentrations of sphingosine and ABC294640. To determine the effects of ABC294640 on cellular SK activity, near-confluent MDA-MB-231 cells are serum-starved overnight, and then treated with varying concentrations of ABC294640. The cells are then incubated with [3H]sphingosine at a final concentration of 1 μM. The cells take up the exogenous sphingosine, which is converted to S1P via SK activity, and [3H]S1P is separated from [3H]sphingosine by extraction and quantified by scintillation counting.
|In vitro||DMSO||76 mg/mL warmed (199.52 mM)|
|Ethanol||28 mg/mL (73.5 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03377179||Recruiting||Cholangiocarcinoma|Cholangiocarcinoma Non-resectable|Cholangiocarcinoma Perihilar|Cholangiocarcinoma Extrahepatic|Cholangiocarcinoma Intrahepatic||RedHill Biopharma Limited||March 7 2018||Phase 2|
|NCT02229981||Withdrawn||Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma|Kaposi Sarcoma||RedHill Biopharma Limited|Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans|Apogee Biotechnology Corporation||July 2014||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT01488513||Completed||Pancreatic Cancer|Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor Protocol Specific||RedHill Biopharma Limited|Apogee Biotechnology Corporation|Medical University of South Carolina|FDA Office of Orphan Products Development|National Cancer Institute (NCI)||August 2011||Phase 1|
|NCT02939807||Recruiting||Carcinoma Hepatocellular||Medical University of South Carolina|National Cancer Institute (NCI)|Apogee Biotechnology Corporation||December 14 2016||Phase 2|
|NCT02757326||Recruiting||Multiple Myeloma||RedHill Biopharma Limited|Apogee Biotechnology Corporation|Duke University|National Cancer Institute (NCI)||December 13 2016||Phase 1|Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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