Atazanavir (BMS-232632) Sulfate
For research use only.
CAS No. 229975-97-7
Atazanavir Sulfate (BMS-232632) is a HIV protease inhibitor with Ki of 2.66 nM in a cell-free assay.
Selleck's Atazanavir (BMS-232632) Sulfate has been cited by 13 publications
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Protease inhibitors induce macroautophagy. JEG3 were seeded on glass chamber slides (1 x 104 cell per chamber; 8-well μ slides; Ibidi, Martinsried, Germany), grown for 24 h under cell culture conditions, and treated for 24 h with 0-10 ug/ml of either lopinavir/ritonavir or atazanavir. Cells were then incubated for 30 min with the blue-green fluorescent autophagy marker monodansylcadaverine and viewed under a fluorescence microscope.
Reprod Toxicol 2014 50, 122-8. Atazanavir (BMS-232632) Sulfate purchased from Selleck.
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Choose Selective HIV Protease Inhibitors
|Description||Atazanavir Sulfate (BMS-232632) is a HIV protease inhibitor with Ki of 2.66 nM in a cell-free assay.|
|Features||Atazanavir is generally more potent than other HIV-1 Prt inhibitors, including IDV, SQV, RTV, NFV, and APV.|
Atazanavir inhibits the proteolytic cleavage of the viral gag precursor p55 polyprotein with IC50 of ~47 nM in virus-infected H9 cells. Atazanavir exhibits potent antiviral activity with EC50 of 3.89 nM in RF/MT-2 strains. . Atazanavir is shown to be an inhibitor of bilirubin glucuronidation with IC50 of 2.4 μM. Atazanavir inhibits recombinant UGT1A1 with Ki of 1.9 μM.  Atazanavir inhibits cell growth in U251, T98G, and LN229 glioblastoma cell lines, with strikingly increased GRP78 and CHOP protein levels. Atazanavir causes a prominent increase of polyubiquitinated proteins of various different sizes in U251 glioblastoma cells.  Atazanavir also inhibits human 20S proteasome with IC50 of 26 μM. Atazanavir (30 μM) changes the magnitudes of ER stress and UPR gene expression in HepG2 cells.  Atazanavir (30 mM) causes a 2.5-fold increase in immunoreactive P-gp expression with decreased intracellular Rh123 in LS180V cells. 
Protease assays:To determine the inhibition constants (Ki) for each Prt inhibitor, purified HIV-1 RF wild-type Prt (2.5 nM) is incubated at 37 ℃ with 1 μM to 15 μM fluorogenic substrate in reaction buffer (1 M NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 0.1 M sodium acetate [pH 5.5], 0.1% polyethylene glycol 8000) in the presence or absence of Atazanavir. Cleavage of the substrate is quantified by measuring an increase in fluorescent emission at 490 nM after excitation at 340 nM using a Cytofluor 4000. Reactions are carried out using 1.36 μM, 1.66 μM, 2.1 μM, 3.0 μM, 5.0 μM, or 15 μM substrate in the presence of five concentrations of Atazanavir (1.25 nM to 25 nM). Substrate cleavage is monitored at 5-min intervals for 30 min. Cleavage rates are then determined for each sample at early time points in the reaction, and Ki values are determined from the slopes of the resulting Michaelis-Menten plots.
-  Robinson BS, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 2000, 44(8), 2093-2099.
-  Zhang D, et al. Drug Metab Dispos, 2005, 33(11), 1729-1739.
-  Pyrko P, et al. Cancer Res, 2007, 67(22), 10920-10928.
|In vitro||DMSO||104 mg/mL (129.52 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and SDS / COA (available online).
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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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